虎扑足球

中文
中国社会科学院第九届(2016年)优秀科研成果奖分析报告
2016-09-29 来源:虎扑足球 作者: 中国社会科学院科研局
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  ZHONGGUOSHEHUIKEXUEYUANYOUXIUKEYANCHENGGUOJIANGZI1996NIANSHELI,ZHI2016NIANYIJINXINGLEJIUJIEPINGXUANGONGZUO,QIANHOUGONGPINGXUANCHUYOUXIUCHENGGUO1000YUXIANG。ZHEIXIECHENGGUOBUJINDAIBIAOQINGJIANGDANWEIDEXUESHUYANJIUSHUIPING,ERQIEZAIYIDINGYIYISHANGYEDAIBIAOLEHUPUZUQIUGUOZHEXUESHEHUIKEXUEJIEXIANGGUANXUEKEDEFAZHANSHUIPING,WEITUIJINZHONGGUOZHEXUESHEHUIKEXUEXUESHUDIANTANGHUPUZUQIUJIGUOJIAJINGJISHEHUIFAZHANFAHUILEZHONGYAOZUOYONG。

  一、总体情况介绍

  DIJIUJIEYOUXIUKEYANCHENGGUOJIANGDEPINGXUANFANWEIZHUYAOSHI2010—2012NIANZHONGGUOSHEHUIKEXUEYUANRENYUANZAIYUANGONGZUOQIJIANFABIAODECHENGGUO。GEBIEZAI2010NIANYIQIANFABIAODEZHONGYAOCHENGGUO,RUGUOWEISHENQINGGUOYUANJIJIANGHESUOJIJIANG,QIEJINGSHIJIANJIANYANHEXUESHUPINGJIABEIRENWEIYOUXIUDE,YEKECANPING。

虎扑足球  BENJIEYOUXIUKEYANCHENGGUOJIANGDEQINGJIANGXIANGMU,YOUGEYANJIUSUOXUESHUWEIYUANHUICONGHUODE2015NIANYANJIUSUOYOUXIUKEYANCHENGGUOYIDENGJIANGHUOZHEXIANGDANGYUYIDENGJIANGDECHENGGUOZHONGTUIJIAN。TONGSHI,ZIBENJIEYUANYOUXIUKEYANCHENGGUOJIANGPINGXUANQI,BUZAIJINXINGZHUIJIAJIANGLI,FUHEYUANZHUIJIAJIANGLIFANWEIDECHENGGUO,KEYOUZUOZHESUOZAIDANWEITUIJIANWEIBENJIEYUANYOUXIUKEYANCHENGGUOJIANGQINGJIANGXIANGMU。

  GENJUGUIDING,YUANSHUGEDANWEIGONGTUIJIANQINGJIANGXIANGMU193XIANG。QIZHONG: MAKESIZHUYIYANJIUXUEBU14XIANG,WENZHEXUEBU45XIANG,LISHIXUEBU34XIANG,JINGJIXUEBU41XIANG,SHEHUIZHENGFAXUEBU27XIANG,GUOJIYANJIUXUEBU32XIANG。CANZHAOWANGJIEHUOJIANGSHULIANG,DIJIUJIENISHOUJIANGZONGSHUWEI130XIANGZUOYOU,QIZHONGYIDENGJIANG10XIANGZUOYOU,ERDENGJIANG40XIANGZUOYOU,SANDENGJIANG80XIANGZUOYOU。

  JINGYUANBAGEXUEKEPINGJIANGWEIYUANHUIPINGSHEN、YUANWUHUIYIPIZHUN,GONGPINGXUANCHUSANDENGJIANGYISHANGDEJIANGXIANG126XIANG,QIZHONGYIDENGJIANG8XIANG,ERDENGJIANG22XIANG,SANDENGJIANG96XIANG。

  HUPUZUQIUJIANGZHUYAODUIHUOJIANGDE126XIANGCHENGGUOJINXINGTEZHENGXINGMIAOSHUJIXIANGGUANXINGFENXI。WEIGENGHAODIZHANXIANHUOJIANGCHENGGUODETEZHENGBIANHUAQUSHI,HUPUZUQIUJIANGDUIZHAOZHANGGUOCHUNDE《TANSUOYANJIUGUILV  TUICHUJINGPINLIZUO——LIJIEZHONGGUOSHEHUIKEXUEYUANYOUXIUKEYANCHENGGUOJIANGHUOJIANGCHENGGUOTONGJIFENXI》HEWEIQINGONGDE《JIADAZIZHU、ZENGJINHEZUO、TUICHUJINGPIN——DUIZHONGGUOSHEKEYUANDIQIJIEKEYANCHENGGUOPINGJIANGJIEGUODEFENXI》LIANGPIANLUNWENZHONGDECHUDEJIELUN,DUIDIJIUJIEYOUXIUKEYANCHENGGUOJIANGDEHUOJIANGCHENGGUOJINXINGFENXI,YIQITANSUORENWENSHEHUIKEXUECHENGGUODECHANCHUGUILV。

  二、获奖作者与成果特征的描述统计

  1.获奖作者的年龄段集中在45—55岁

虎扑足球  GENJUTONGJIJIEGUO,BENJIEHUOJIANGCHENGGUODEZHUYAOZUOZHENIANLINGJIZHONGZAI45—55SUI。JUTILAIKAN,ERDENGJIANGHUOJIANGZHEZHAN40.91%,SANDENGJIANGHUOJIANGZHEZHAN39.59%;YIDENGJIANGDEHUOJIANGZUOZHEYANGBENLIANGJIAOSHAO,JINWEI8XIANG,ZUOZHENIANLINGDUANZHUYAOJIZHONGZAI60SUIYISHANG(JIANTU1)。

虎扑足球  BENJIEERDENGJIANGHUOJIANGCHENGGUODEZHUYAOZUOZHENIANLINGJIZHONGZAI55SUIYIXIA,ZHAN54.55%;YUDIQIJIEHUOJIANGZHEPINGJUNNIANLINGXIANGBI,TIGAOLESHIYUGEBAIFENDIAN,ZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGXIANSHICHUHUPUZUQIUYUANZHONGQINGNIANXUEZHEJIAOQIANGDEYANJIUNENGLI。TONGSHI,HUPUZUQIUYEZHUYIDAO,BENJIEERDENGJIANG、SANDENGJIANGZHUYAOZUOZHENIANLINGZAI70SUIYISHANGDEYEZHANYOUJIAODABILI。JUTIDAOMEIWEIZUOZHE,HUPUZUQIUFAXIANJUEDABUFENZUOZHESHIHUPUZUQIUYUANDEXUEBUWEIYUAN、RONGYUXUEBUWEIYUAN、ERJIYANJIUYUAN,ZHEIXIEZUOZHEBINGBUSHISHOUCIHUODEGAIJIANGXIANG,BENJIECANPINGHUOJIANGDECHENGGUOYEBINGBUNENGDAIBIAOTABENRENZHENGGEXUESHUSHENGYADEZUIGAOXUESHUSHUIZHUN。YINCI,DUIYU70SUIYISHANGDENIANLINGDUAN,HUPUZUQIUMEIYOUZUOTEBIEDEDUIBIFENXI。

  WEIGENGHAODIBIJIAOBUTONGXUEKECHENGGUODECHAYI,HUPUZUQIUJIANGMAKESIZHUYIYANJIU、WENXUEYUYAN、ZHEXUE、SHIXUESIGEXUEKEZUDECHENGGUOGUIWEIJICHUYANJIULEI;JIANGJINGJI、SHEHUIZHENGFA、GUOJIYANJIUSANGEXUEKEZUDECHENGGUOGUIWEIYINGYONGYANJIULEI(XIATONG),ZAICIFENLEIJICHUSHANGJINXINGZHENDUIXINGDIDUIBIFENXI。CONGJICHUYANJIUXUEKEKAN,HUOJIANGZHEZHUYAOJIZHONGZAILIANGGENIANLINGDUAN,YISHI45—59SUI,ZHAN54.84%,ERSHI65SUIYISHANG,ZHAN33.87%。CONGYINGYONGYANJIUXUEKEKAN,HUOJIANGZHEYIZHUYAOJIZHONGZAILIANGGENIANLINGDUAN,YISHI54SUIYIXIA,ZHAN62.51%,ERSHI60—64SUI,ZHAN17.19%(JIANTU2)。KEYIHENQINGXIDIKANDAO,LIANGDAXUEKEGEZIDUIYINGDENIANLINGDUAN,YINGYONGLEIXUEKEHUOJIANGZHEDENIANLINGPUBIANDIYUJICHULEIXUEKE,ZHEIYEYINZHENGLEZHANGQIYILAIXUEJIEDEYIGEJIBENPANDUAN,JIYUYINGYONGYANJIUXIANGBI,JICHUYANJIUGENGXUYAOXUEZHEZHANGQIDEXUESHUJILEI。

  2.获奖作者多拥有高级专业技术职称

  ZAISHANGSHUNIANLINGZHUANGKUANGFENXIDEJICHUSHANG,JIEXIALAIHUPUZUQIUDUIHUOJIANGZHEDEZHICHENGQINGKUANGJINXINGMIAOSHUTONGJI。CONGTU3KEYIKANDAO,HUOYIDENGJIANGZHEJUNYOUZHENGGAOJIZHUANYEJISHUZHICHENG;HUOERDENGJIANGZHEJUNYOUGAOJIZHUANYEJISHUZHICHENG(95%WEIZHENGGAOJI,5%WEIFUGAOJI);SANDENGJIANGJUEDABUFENZUOZHEYOUGAOJIZHUANYEJISHUZHICHENG,JINYOU3.13%DEZUOZHEWEIZHONGJIZHUANYEJISHUZHICHENG(JIANTU3)。ZHEIYIJIEGUOYUYIWANGHUOJIANGQINGKUANGDETONGJIXIANGYIZHI。

  3.获奖成果的任务来源以自选、院重大课题和国家社科基金项目为主

  CONGHUOJIANGCHENGGUODERENWULAIYUANKAN,YIDENGJIANGCHENGGUOZHONG,YUANZHONGDAKETIHEZIXUANKETIDEYANJIUCHENGGUOGEZHAN20%,GUOJIASHEKEJIJINXIANGMUHESUOZHONGDIANKETIGEZHAN10%;ERDENGJIANGCHENGGUOZHONG,YUANZHONGDAKETIYANJIUCHENGGUOZHAN27.27%,GUOJIASHEKEJIJINXIANGMUZHAN18.18%,ZIXUANKETIHESUOZHONGDIANKETICHENGGUOGEZHAN13.64%;SANDENGJIANGCHENGGUOZHONG,ZIXUANKETICHENGGUOZHAN28.13%,GUOJIASHEKEJIJINXIANGMUZHAN26.04%,YUANZHONGDAKETIZHAN10.42%(JIANBIAO1)。

虎扑足球  GENJUQIANQIJIEHUOJIANGQINGKUANGDETONGJI,HUOJIANGCHENGGUODUOSHULAIYUANYUGERENZIXUAN、GUOJIASHEKEJIJINXIANGMUYIJIYUANJIZHONGDAKETI,BENJIEHUOJIANGCHENGGUODELAIYUANYUQIANQIJIEFENXIDECHENGGUOLAIYUANJIBENYIZHI。ZHEIYIFANGMIANSHUOMING,YANJIURENYUANYIQIGERENXUESHUXINGQUHEYANJIUZHUANZHANGSUOXUANZEDEKEYANXIANGMU,GENGYOULIYUCHANSHENGYOUXIUKEYANCHENGGUO;LINGYIFANGMIAN,ZAIGUOJIAJI、YUANJICENGMIANLIXIANGDEZHONGDAKETIWULUNSHIXUANTIFANGXIANGHAISHIJINGFEIZHICHI,DOUSHIYOUXIUKEYANCHENGGUOCHANCHUDEZHONGYAOBAOZHANG。

  4.获奖成果的完成方式以个人完成和所内合作为主

  CONGCHENGGUOWANCHENGFANGSHIKAN(JIANTU4),YIDENGJIANG40%DECHENGGUOSHIGERENWANCHENG,30%DECHENGGUOSHIYUANNEIWAIHEZUOWANCHENG,20%DECHENGGUOSHISUONEIHEZUOWANCHENG;ERDENGJIANG50%DECHENGGUOSHIGERENWANCHENG,35%DECHENGGUOSHISUONEIHEZUOWANCHENG;SANDENGJIANG68.75%DECHENGGUOSHIGERENWANCHENG,14.58%DECHENGGUOSHISUONEIHEZUOWANCHENG。CONGYISHANGSHUJUKEYIKANCHU,HUOJIANGCHENGGUODEWANCHENGFANGSHIYIGERENWANCHENGHESUONEIHEZUOWEIZHU,ZHEIYEYINZHENGLEHUOJIANGCHENGGUOLAIYUANDEFENXIJIELUN,JIHUOJIANGCHENGGUODUOSHUWEIZIXUANKETI,WANCHENGFANGSHIYESHIYIGERENDUZIWANCHENGWEIZHU。

 

  CONGQIANQIJIEDEFENXIJIELUNKAN,HUOJIANGCHENGGUODEWANCHENGFANGSHIRENGRANSHIYIGERENWANCHENGWEIZHU,QICISHIYUANNEIWAIHEZUOHEYANJIUSUONEIBUHEZUO。BENJIEHUOJIANGCHENGGUODEZHUYAOWANCHENGFANGSHIYUQIANQIJIEBAOCHILEJIAOGAODEYIZHIXING。

  5.获奖成果形式以专著、论文为主

  CONGCHENGGUOXINGSHIKAN(JIANBIAO2),BENJIEYI、ER、SANDENGJIANGDECHENGGUOJUNYIZHUANZHUHELUNWENWEIZHU,ZHANBIDA80%YISHANG。CIWAI,YANJIUBAOGAO、GUJIZHENGLIHEXUESHUZILIAOZAIER、SANDENGJIANGZHONGYEZHANYOUYIDINGDEBIZHONG。GENJUDIQIJIEHUOJIANGCHENGGUODETONGJIJIEGUO,YIDENGJIANG、ERDENGJIANGYIZHUANZHUWEIZHU,SANDENGJIANGYILUNWENWEIZHU。QIANLIUJIEDEHUOJIANGCHENGGUOZHONG,ZHUANZHU、LUNWENHEYANJIUBAOGAOSANLEIZHANQUANBUHUOJIANGCHENGGUODE85%YISHANG。YINCI,YUQIANQIJIEDETONGJIFENXIJIEGUOXIANGBI,HUOJIANGCHENGGUODEXINGSHIMEIYOUFASHENGDADEBIANHUA,ZHEIYEFANYINGCHUZHUANZHU、LUNWEN、YANJIUBAOGAO、GUJIZHENGLIHEXUESHUZILIAODENGXINGSHIDEKEYANCHENGGUORENGRANSHIRENWENSHEHUIKEXUEYANJIUCHANCHUDEZHUYAOXINGTAI。

 

  6.获奖成果平均创作时间在4.41年

  YIXIANGXUESHUYANJIU,ZILIAOSHOUJI、WENXIANSHULI、CHENGGUOCHUANGZUODENGSHIBUKEQUESHAODEHUANJIE。CHENGGUOCHUANGZUODEZHOUQIJIYUXUEKETEXING、YANJIUZHENENGLIXIANGGUAN,YEYUYIXIANGYANJIULIQIUDADAODEXUESHUMUBIAOXIANGGUAN。RENWENSHEHUIKEXUEDEJINGPINLIZUO,WUYIBUSHIYANJIUZHEZAIZHANGQIJILEI、SHENRUSIKAOJICHUSHANGWANCHENGDE。DUICI,FENXIHUOJIANGCHENGGUODECHUANGZUOSHIJIAN,DUIBAWOKEYANGUILVJINERTISHENGKEYANGUANLISHUIPINGDAYOUBIYI。

虎扑足球  CONGTONGJIJIEGUOLAIKAN,HUOJIANGDENGJIYUCHUANGZUOSHIJIANYOUZHEXIANZHUDEZHENGXIANGXIANGGUANGUANXI。YEJIUSHISHUO,ZAIHULVEPINGJIAGUOCHENGZHONGDERENWEIYINSUHESUIJIWUCHA,HUOJIANGDENGJIJIAOWEIGONGYUNDIYINZHENGLECHUANGZUOZHEDEFUCHUHEHUIBAOCHENGZHENGBI、TOURUSHIJIANYUCHENGGUOSHUIPINGCHENGZHENGBIDEKEYANGUILV。JUTILAIKAN,YIDENGJIANGCHENGGUOCHUANGZUOSHIJIANPINGJUNWEI11.3NIAN;ERDENGJIANGCHENGGUOCHUANGZUOSHIJIANPINGJUNWEI4.05NIAN;SANDENGJIANGCHENGGUOCHUANGZUOSHIJIANPINGJUNWEI3.92NIAN;HUOJIANGCHENGGUOZHENGTIPINGJUNCHUANGZUOSHIJIANWEI4.41NIAN(JIANTU5)。

虎扑足球  YUQIANQIJIEHUOJIANGCHENGGUODECHUANGZUOSHIJIANXIANGBI,BENJIEHUOJIANGCHENGGUODECHUANGZUOSHIJIANDOUYOUJIAODAFUDUDEZENGJIA。BIRU,DISIJIE、DIWUJIE、DILIUJIEQUANBUHUOJIANGCHENGGUODEPINGJUNCHUANGZUOSHIJIANFENBIEWEI2.31NIAN、2.11NIAN、3.76NIAN。DIQIJIEYIDENGJIANGYOU60%DECHENGGUOWANCHENGSHIJIANZAI4—5NIANZHIJIAN;ERDENGJIANGZHONGYOU65%DECHENGGUOWANCHENGSHIJIANZAI3NIANYINEI;SANDENGJIANGZHONG,YOU55.9%DECHENGGUOWANCHENGSHIJIANZAI2NIANYINEI。

虎扑足球  DUIYUHUOJIANGCHENGGUOCHUANGZUOSHIJIANDEJIESHI,WEIQINGONGRENWEI,CHENGGUODEWANCHENGSHIJIANHENDACHENGDUSHANGQUJUEYUQICHENGGUOXINGSHI,ZHUANZHU、GUJIZHENGLIDENGXINGSHIDECHENGGUO,XUYAOHUAFEIJIAOZHANGDESHIJIANLAIWANCHENG,ERZHEIZHONGXINGSHIDECHENGGUOZAIYIDENGJIANG、ERDENGJIANGZHONGZHANYOUJIAOGAODEBIZHONG。HUPUZUQIURENTONGZHEIYIFENXIJIELUN,BENJIEHUOJIANGCHENGGUODECHUANGZUOSHIJIANYEYINZHENGLEZHEIYIGUANDIAN。TEBIESHIZAIYIDENGJIANGZHONG,DUOSHUHUOJIANGCHENGGUOSHIDUOJUANBENDEYANJIUZHUANZHU,YANJIUSHIJIANLISHISHIYUNIANSHENZHIJISHINIAN,BIRU《SHIJIELISHI》39CE,《ZHONGHUAMINGUOSHI》36CE,《DONGFANGZHEXUESHI》5JUAN,《ZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOSHIGAO》5JUAN。

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  三、获奖成果影响因素分析

虎扑足球  WEILEJIANYANXIANGGUANYINSUDUIHUOJIANGQINGKUANGDEYINGXIANGXIAOYING,HUPUZUQIUYIHUOJIANGDENGJIWEIYINBIANLIANGGOUJIANLElogisticHUIGUIMOXING(YIWEIHUOJIANGZHEWEICANZHAO)。

  TONGJIJIEGUOXIANSHI(JIANBIAO3),QINGJIANGZHEDENIANLINGJUYOUFEICHANGXIANZHUDEYINGXIANGXIAOYING,DANQIYUHUOJIANGQINGKUANGZHIJIANBINGFEICHENGJIANDANDEXIANXINGGUANXI,ERSHIYIZHONG“DAOUXING”GUANXI。JINGGUOJINYIBUCESUAN,ZHEIYIQUXIANDEDINGZHIZAI51SUIZUOYOU。ZHEIYIJIEGUOYUQIANSHUDEHUOJIANGZHEZHUYAONIANLINGDUANYIZHI,YEYURENWENSHEHUIKEXUEYANJIUZHEDECHENGGUOCHANCHUGUILVJIAOWEIYIZHI,JIDUOSHUYANJIUZHEDECHENGMINGZUOHUODAIBIAOZUOYIBANDOUSHIZAIDUONIANJILEIDEJICHUZHISHANGCHANSHENG,CONGERHUOJIANGDEGAILVYEXIANGYINGTIGAO。DANDANGYANJIUZHEDENIANLINGCHAOGUOQIKEYANCHANCHUFENGZHIHUOZUIJIANIANLINGDUANHOU,WULUNCHENGGUOSHULIANGHAISHICHENGGUOZHILIANGDOUHUISHOUDAOYIDINGCHEZHOU。

  TONGSHIHUPUZUQIUFAXIAN,QINGJIANGCHENGGUODERENWULAIYUANYIZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGJUYOUYINGXIANGXIAOYING,YI“QITALEI”WEICANZHAO,ZIXUANFANGSHIYUSUOJIKETICHANSHENGDECHENGGUOHUOJIANGGAILVGENGGAO。ZHEIYIJIEGUOZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGYIWEIZHE,YANJIUCHENGGUODEZHILIANGBINGBUNENGWANQUANYIKETILAIYUANHUOKETIZAITIWEIHENGLIANGBIAOZHUN,FANERBUSHAOYOUXIUDEJICHUXINGCHENGGUOSHIYANJIUZHEYIJUGERENZHIQUDUONIANDAMOERCHENG,XIANGJIAOYUYINGJIXINGHUOLINSHIJIAOBANRENWUCHANSHENGDECHENGGUOGENGJUXUESHUJIAZHI,YEGENGJINGDEQISHIJIANJIANYAN。

  YANJIUHAIFAXIAN,QINGJIANGZHEDEZHICHENGYIJUYOUXIANZHUYINGXIANG,XIANGBIYUZHONGJIZHICHENGDEYANJIURENYUAN,JUYOUZHENGGAOJIZHICHENGDEYANJIUZHECHENGGUOHUOJIANGGAILVGENGGAO。DUICIJIEGUODEJIESHI,YIFANGMIAN,CONGQINGJIANGLIUCHENGLAIKAN,SHENQINGYUANJIANGZHEXUXIANJINGGUOYANJIUSUOPINGJIANGTUIJIAN,ZAIHENDACHENGDUSHANG,XUESHUZAOYIQIANJIAZHEHUODUOSHUNIANQINGXUEZHEDECHENGGUOHENNANDAIBIAOYANJIUDANWEIQINGJIANG;LINGYIFANGMIAN,YANJIURENYUANDEZHICHENGYUQINIANLINGGAODUXIANGGUAN,SUIBUPAICHUTELI,DUOSHUQINGKUANGXIA,GAOJIZHICHENGZHEZAIXUESHUJINGLIHEYANJIUNENGLIFANGMIANDOUGENGWEICHENGSHU。

  四、结论与启示

虎扑足球  TONGGUOSHANGSHULIANGFANGMIANDUIZHONGGUOSHEKEYUANDIJIUJIEYOUXIUKEYANCHENGGUOJIANGHUOJIANGDETONGJIFENXI,KEYIDECHUYIXIAJIDIANJIELUNHEQISHI。

  1.院优秀科研成果奖获奖者多是各学科领域的科研骨干。如前述分析,获奖成果主要作者的年龄段集中在45—55岁,按照3—5年的成果创作时间倒推,获奖者的创作年龄段集中在40—50岁。而从获奖者的职称情况看,高级研究人员特别是正高级研究人员在获奖者中占据了很大的比例。因此,40—50岁的年龄段是科研骨干创作优秀科研成果的黄金期,这一结论与魏钦恭的研究结论,即“研究人员的论文产出量在年龄结构上呈多峰分布,这些峰值即创作多产期均出现在40周岁以后,60周岁左右的科研人员的产出达到顶峰”较为一致。鉴于此,在科研资助体系中,应加大对40—50岁年龄段学者的倾斜力度,提供更多的政策和经费保障,发掘他们的科研潜力和能力,以这些科研骨干为核心,形成科研团队,以点带面,带动整个学科的发展,从而使科研资源投入得到最大的科研产出。

  2.重大集体项目对于产出大部头、跨学科的成果有着天然的优势。从历届一等奖获奖成果来看,集体项目占据了很大的比例,这些成果在社会上也都有着很大的影响。同时,很多交叉学科类或重大理论现实问题的研究并不适于单兵作战的模式。在这种情况下,组建科研团队攻克集体项目就显得尤为重要。因此,应引导和鼓励集体合作项目,支持科研团队申报国家级项目和院级重大项目。首先,在课题申报指南中应设置相应的综合性课题,鼓励和引导研究人员跨单位跨学科联合投标,开展综合性研究。其次,采取由学部组织、院领导组织或重大问题研究中心组织等多种方式,针对党和国家重大理论和现实问题设置研究项目,组织多个研究所开展合作研究。

  3.自选项目和单兵作战研究是优秀科研成果产出的重要渠道和方式。根据获奖成果影响因素分析结果,自选项目的成果相比“其他类”获奖概率更高。首先,自选项目是学者个人根据自己的学术兴趣和关注点自发进行研究的课题,有利于发挥学者的积极性和创造性,也更易于发挥他们的研究专长。其次,以个人为单元的研究方式使得研究人员拥有更多的主动权和自由度,为研究人员提供了更多自由发挥的空间。因此,虎扑足球在支持集体项目的同时,也要允许和鼓励学者根据自身的学术兴趣和研究专长,进行学术创作。

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  4.关注退休学者群体,发挥退休学者学术积累厚重的独特优势。吴建南认为,65岁左右的科学家经过长期的摸索,科研方向相对更为集中,希望通过参与科研项目继续发挥余热,并能够全身心投入或带领其团队成员圆满完成所承担的科研项目。根据前述两大学科获奖者年龄分析结果,60岁以上人员也占据了较大的比例。这个年龄段的学者有着长期的学术积累,有一定的学术优势、经验优势,行政事务的干扰较少,因此易于在这个年龄段出精品成果。一方面,应重视对退休学者的资助力度,例如通过后期资助或学者资助等形式;另一方面,发挥退休学者的能量,通过开班、配备学术助手等方式,将自身的学术经验传授给年轻学者。

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  (执笔人: 曲建君、葛吉艳、魏钦恭)

ZERENBIANJI: LIANGRUI

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