虎扑足球

中文
政党智库建设的目标定位及方法路径——以日本民主党为例
2021-09-30 来源:《中国社会科学报》2020年9月17日第2013期 作者:张伯玉
分享到:

  LISHIBUSHIJIANDANZHONGFU,QUEYOUJINGRENDEXIANGSIZHICHU。1998NIANRIBENZUIDAZAIYEDANGMINZHUDANG“ZHENGQUANYUNYINGWEIYUANHUI”FABIAOLETIWEI《SHIXIANXINZHENGFU》DEYANJIUBAOGAO。GAIBAOGAOWEIMINZHUDANG“XIANGZHENGQUANDANDANGXINGZHENGDANGJINHUA”TICHUQIGEKETI,QIZHONGDIYIGEJIUSHIYAOQUEBAODULIDEZHENGCEZHIDINGNENGLIHEZHIKUGONGNENG。CIHOU,MINZHUDANGKAIQIZHIKUJIANSHEDETANSUOZHILU。1999NIANJIANLIWANGLUOXINGZHENGCEYANJIUSUO“ZHIKUWANGLUO21YANJIUSUO”,2000NIANCHENGLI“ZHIKUWANGLUOZHONGXIN21”,2005NIANGUANBIGAIZHONGXINBINGZHENGSHICHENGLIZHENGDANGZHIKU“GONGGONGZHENGCEPINGTAI”。GAIPINGTAIZAIMINZHUDANGCHENGWEIZHIZHENGDANGDE2009NIANTINGZHIHUODONG。2012NIAN12YUE,ZHIZHENGSANNIANSANGEYUEDEMINZHUDANGZAICILUNWEIZAIYEDANG。2014NIAN《MINZHUDANGGAIGECHUANGSHENGHUIYIBAOGAOSHU》TICHU,“WEIZAICIDANDANGZHENGQUANZUOZHUNBEI,BIXUCHENGLIYIGEXINDEZUOWEISIXIANGHEZHENGCEFUHUAQIDEMINZHUDANGZIJIDEZHIKU”。XIAYEBUDAOLIANGNIANDEMINZHUDANGZHONGXINQUERENZUOWEI“SIXIANGHEZHENGCEFUHUAQI”DEZHIKUDEZHONGYAOXING。DANSHI,ZAI2016NIANMINZHUDANGGAIZUWEIMINJINDANG,JINERZAI2017NIANFENLIEHOU,QUDAIMINJINDANGCHENGWEIZUIDAZAIYEDANGDELIXIANMINZHUDANGYU“ZAICIDANDANGZHENGQUAN”DEJULIYUELAIYUEYUAN,RUHEZAIXUANJUZHONGDANGXUANBINGZHENGQUGENGDUODEYIXICHENGWEIGAIDANGDE“ZHISHANGSHIMING”,DUANQINEIHENNANZAIJIANXINZHIKU。BENWENYIZHENGDANGZHIKUDUIZAIYEDANGSHANGTAIZHIZHENGSUOFAHUIDEZUOYONGWEISHIJIAO,ZONGJIERIBENMINZHUDANGZHIKUJIANSHEDEJINGYANJIAOXUN,YIWEIZHENGDANGZHIKUDEJIANSHEHEFAZHANTIGONGKEZIJIEJIANDEANLI。

  组建智库是民主党的正确选择

虎扑足球  ZHENGDANGBAHUODE、XINGSHIHEWEICHIZHENGZHIQUANLIZUOWEIMUBIAO。“HUODEZHENGZHIQUANLI”DEMUBIAO,“ZUIZHONGSHIZUCHENGZHENGFUHEZHANGWOLIFAGUOCHENGDEZHUDAOQUAN”。ZHENGDANGYAOHUODEQUANLI,TATOURUZUIDUONENGLIANGDELINGYUSHIXUANJUHUODONG。DANSHI,ZHENGDANGJINJINYINWEIZAIYIHUIZHONGKONGZHIDUOSHUYIXIBINGBUNENGWEICHIQUANLI,XUYAOJUBEIZHIDINGZHENGCEHEZHIXINGJUECEDENENGLI。MEIYOUYOUXIAOXING,HEFAXINGBUHUICHIXUXIAQU。ZAIZHEIFANGMIAN,ZIMINDANGCHONGFENLIYONGQIZHANGQIZHIZHENGZHILI,CHENGGONGDIJILEILEZHENGCEJINGYANBINGYANLANDAOYOUNENGLIDEJINGTONGZHENGCEYEWUDERENCAI。

  MINZHUDANGSHI“ZHENGQUANZHUIQIUXINGZHENGDANG”。YISHIXIANZHENGQUANLUNTIJIHUOQUQUANLIWEIMUDE,MINZHUDANGBUDUANTONGGUOYUQITAZHENGDANG“CUNXIAOYIQIUDATONG”DEHEBINGZHONGZUXUNSUFAZHANCHENGWEIYONGYOUDANDANGZHENGQUANNENGLIDEZHENGDANG。ZAIZHEIGEYIYISHANG,GAIDANGYU1955NIANTIZHISHIQIZUIDAZAIYEDANGSHEHUIDANGBUTONG。

  MINZHUDANGSHI“ZIYUANZHIYUEXINGZHENGDANG”。CONGZHENGCEZIYUANLAIKAN,ZHANGQIZHIZHENGDEZIMINDANGNENGGOUYOUXIAODIJIEYONG、LIYONG“XIAGUAN”(XINGZHENGJIGOUDAICHENG)DEZHINENG、XINXIHEJISHU,ZUOWEIZAIYEDANGDEMINZHUDANGQUEHENNANYOUXIAOLIYONG“XIAGUAN”。XIAGUAN“SHIYIGEJUDADEXINXIKU。TAKEYIYUNYONGPANGDADEZUZHILI、JUEZIJIN、ZUIXINDEXINXIJIQI、YOUXIUDERENCAI、ZHUANMENDEXINXIJISHUHEJINGMIDEXINXIWANGSHOUJI、DIAOCHAHEYANJIUXINXI”。

  DUI“ZHENGQUANZHUIQIUXING”HE“ZIYUANZHIYUEXING”ZHENGDANGMINZHUDANGLAISHUO,WEISHIXIANZHENGQUANLUNTI,JIEYONG、LIYONGZHIKULAICHUANGZAOXINGDIQUEBAOZHENGCEZHIDINGGONGNENGSHIYIGEZHENGQUEXUANZE。

  政党智库为党派利益服务

  CONGFARENXINGZHI、ZIJINLAIYUANYULISHIHUIRENSHIANPAILAIKAN,GONGGONGZHENGCEPINGTAISHIYOUMINZHUDANGCHUZI、WEIGAIDANGTIGONGZHENGCEZHICHIBINGYOUQIZHUDAOYUNXINGDE。MINZHUDANGZHIKUGONGGONGZHENGCEPINGTAIDEFARENXINGZHISHIFEIYINGLI、FEIGONGYIXINGZHIDEYOUXIANZERENZHONGJIANFAREN,YISHIXIANFEIJINGJIXINGDEGONGTONGLIYIWEIMUDE。ZHIKUGUANLIJINGFEILAIZIMINZHUDANGDEBUZHUJIN、GETUANTIDEJUANKUANHEZANZHU。ZHIKULISHIHUIYOUDAIBIAOLISHI、LISHIHEJIANSHIZUCHENG。DAIBIAOLISHIYOUMINZHUDANGZISHENZHENGZHIJIACHUREN,QIWEILISHIYOUSIWEISHIBAOKUOMINZHUDANGZHENGCEDIAOCHAHUIZHANG、FUDAIBIAO、GANSHIZHANGDAILIZAINEIDEZHENGZHIJIA,JIANSHIZEYOUMINZHUDANGCAIWUWEIYUANZHANGDANREN。

虎扑足球  MINZHUDANGJUEDINGZHIKUZHENGCEDEYANJIUFANGXIANGYUZHENGCEKETIDEXUANZE。YUMINZHUDANGJIBENFANGZHENYOUGUANDEZHENGCEKETI,RUZHENGZHIZHANLVE、WAIJIAOFANGWEIDENGMEIGEZHUTI,MINZHUDANGDOUYAOZHIDINGXUEZHEHEXINWENGONGZUOZHE,BINGZUZHIBAOKUOFUZEGAIZHENGCELINGYUDEGUOHUIYIYUANZAINEIDEDULIYANJIUXIANGMUXIAOZUJINXINGYANJIU。

  MINZHUDANGYUXIANYOUZHIKUDEHEZUOYEXUANZEYUGAIDANGZHENGCELICHANGYIZHIDEZHIKU。MINZHUDANGXUANCHENGGAIDANGSHI“SHENGHUOZHE”“NASHUIREN”“XIAOFEIZHE”DEDAIBIAO。YINCI,ZUOWEIHEZUOZHIKUBIXUSHI“KAOLVYISHIMIN、XIAOFEIZHEHELAODONGZHESHIJIAOJINXINGDIAOCHAYANJIUHUODONGDEZIYOUPAIGONGYIZHIKU,DUIWEITUOYANJIUZEKEYIKAOLVNENGGOUYIZHONGLITAIDUJINXINGYANJIUHUODONGDEMINJIANYINGLIZHIKU”。

  智库补充民主党权力资源不足

  ZUOWEIZAIYEDANG,MINZHUDANGWENDINGZHENGQUANDEQUANLIZIYUANYOUXIAN。ZHENGDANGWEILEHUODEHEWEICHIQUANLISUONENGYUNYONGDEZIYUANJIAOZUOZHENGDANGDEQUANLIZIYUAN。ZAIGONGMIN—XUANJU—YIHUI—ZHENGQUANDEGECENGCIZHONG,RUGUOQUANLIZIYUANBUCHONGZU,ZEHENNANGUANCHEYOUXIAODEZHANLVE。BUCUNZAIRANGSUOYOURENDOUPINGDENGDIJUYOUJIEJINQUANLIDEKENENGXINGDEZHENGZHIXITONG。ZHENGRUYOUDEXUEZHEZHICHUDENEIYANG,CANJIAZHENGZHIGUOCHENGDEREN,QIYONGYOUDEZHENGZHIZIYUANGEBUXIANGTONG。ZHENGDANGYESHIRUCI。YOUSHIYOUYUMOUZHENGDANGJIQIDANGYUANBIQITAZHENGDANGJIQIDANGYUANYOUGENGFENGFUDEZHENGZHIZIYUAN,SUOYIJIUYOUGENGDA“JIEJINQUANLIDEKENENGXING”。MINZHUDANGZHIKUDEGEZHONGHUODONG,CHUWEIGAIDANGTIGONGZHENGCEZHICHI,HAIFAHUILEBUCHONGMINZHUDANGQUANLIZIYUANBUZUDEZUOYONG。QIZHUYAOTIXIANZAIYIXIAFANGMIAN。

  SHOUXIAN,WEIMINZHUDANGZHENGCEXINXIDESHOUJIHEJILEITIGONGXINGONGJUHEXINLUJING。ZHENGCEXINXISHIKAIZHANGEZHONGZHENGCEYANJIUHUODONGDEJICHU。ZHIKUKEYICHENGWEIJINXINGZHENGCEYANJIU、TICHUZHENGCETIDAIFANGANYIJIJILEIZHENGCEXINXIHEJINGYANDEGONGJU。ZHEIYIGONGJUHAIKEYIGAIBIANWEILAIZHENGCEBIANLUNDEFANGSHI。HENDUOSHIYONGSHUJU、XINXIHEANLI,ZHIYOUZAIDEDAOZHUANYEZHISHIFENXIHEYANJIUZHIHOU,CAINENGZUOWEIZHENGCEXINXIJINXINGJILEI。ZAIZHEIGEYIYISHANG,ZHIKUKAIZHANZHEIXIANGGONGZUOBINGFUWUYUSHIJIDEZHENGCEZHIDINGSHIZHONGYAODE。CONGZHEIGEJIAODULAIKAN,LAIZIZHIKUDE“CHUXIAGUANYIWAIDEZHENGCEXINXISHOUJIHUODONG”DUIMINZHUDANGJUYOUZHONGYAOYIYI。

虎扑足球  QICI,WEIMINZHUDANGZHENGCEDEXUANCHUANHETUIJIETIGONGXINLUJING。ZAIBUCUNZAIZHENGQUANLUNTIDEZHENGDANGXITONG,ZHENGQUANXINXIDESHENTOULIFEICHANGQIANG。ZHEISHIYOUYUXUANCHUANMEIJIEYEYIWEIXIAOFANGZHIZHENGDANGDEXINGDONGDEYUANGU。LINGYIFANGMIAN,WEIZAIYEDANGTIGONGXINXIDEJIHUIKENDINGHENSHAO。ERQIE,ZAIYEDANGYAOBIANPIPINGXIANZHENGQUANBIANXIANGGONGMINZHANSHIWEILAIZHENGQUANDEQINGKUANG,ZHANKAISHUANGZHONGHUODONG。MINZHUDANGZHIKUPINFANDIJUBANGEZHONGXINGSHIHEGUIMODEXUEXIHUI、ZHUANTITAOLUNHUIDENG,DALIANGSANFAZHENGCESHUOMINGSHU,KUODAHUODONGFANWEI,XUANCHUANMINZHUDANGDANGQIANZHENGZHESHOUYANJIUHEJIEXIALAIYAOYANJIUDEZHENGCEWENTI。QIMUDESHIYINQIGEJIERENSHIDUIMINZHUDANGGUANXINDEZHENGCEWENTIDEGUANZHUHETAOLUN,WEIMINZHUDANGZHENGCEDEXUANCHUANHETUIJIETIGONGLEXINDELUJING。

虎扑足球  ZUIHOU,WEIMINZHUDANGTIGONGJUJIHEFAXIANRENCAIDEXINQUDAO。MINZHUDANGZHIKUZUZHIDEGEZHONGHUODONG,HAIJIANJUWEIMINZHUDANGJUJIHEFAXIANRENCAIDEGONGNENG。ZHENGDANGXUYAOGEZHONGRENCAI,JINCONGZHENGCERENCAIJIAODULAIKAN,ZHENGDANGDEZHENGCEDIAOCHAHUIHEGUOHUIDECHANGSHEWEIYUANHUIKEYIDUANLIANBINGZHUJIANZENGJIAGUOHUIYIYUANDEZHENGCENENGLI,XINGZHENGGUANLIAOJINRUZHENGJIECHENGWEIZHENGZHIJIASHILINGYIZHONGGENGZHIJIEERYOUXIAODEFANGFA。

虎扑足球  YUQITALEIXINGZHIKUXIANGTONGDESHI,ZIJINHERENCAITONGYANGSHIZHIYUEZHENGDANGZHIKUFAZHANDEZHONGYAOYINSU。BUTONGDESHI,ZHENGDANGZHIKUDEFAZHANGENGRONGYIBEIZHENGZHIYINSU,YOUQISHIBEIZHENGDANGLINGXIUDEZHENGZHILINIANSUOZUOYOU。ZHENGDANGLINGXIUDUIZHENGDANGDEZHENGCENENGLI、ZHIKUZHONGYAOXINGDERENSHIYINRENERYI。BIRU,ZISHENZHENGZHIJIAXIAOZEYILANGZHONGSHIXUANJUNENGLIERQINGSHIZHENGCENENGLI。2006NIANJIURENMINZHUDANGDAIBIAODEXIAOZE,YOUYUGAODUZHONGSHIXUANJU,JIANGZIJINYOUXIANFENPEIJIXUANJUHUODONG,DAOZHIGONGGONGZHENGCEPINGTAIYINQUEFAHUODONGZIJINERDAFUDUJIANSHAOHUODONG。CANYUMINZHUDANGZHIKUJIANSHE、CENGRENMINZHUDANGZHENGFUWENBUKEXUEFUDACHENHEDIYIJIEANBEIZHENGFUWENBUKEXUEDACHENFUZUOGUANDELINGMUKUAN,ZAIZONGJIEJINGYANJIAOXUNSHIBIAOSHI,“ZAIXIANGUYOURENDANRENZHENGDIAOHUIZHANGSHIQI,MINZHUDANGZHIXINGBURENWEIZHENGDANGZHIKUSHIJUEDUIBIXUDE,GONGGONGZHENGCEPINGTAIJINXINGLEHENDUOTAOLUNBINGRENZHENDIYANTAOLEZHENGQUANGONGYUE。RANER,XIAOZEJIURENGANSHIZHANGHOU,GONGGONGZHENGCEPINGTAIBEITACUIHUILE,YINWEIXIAOZERENWEI‘ZUJIANZHIKUYEBUNENGYINGXUANJU’。XIAOZESHUODEYIBANZHENGQUE、YIBANBUZHENGQUE,ZHEISHIRIBENDEXIANZHUANG。HENDUOZHENGZHIJIAGENGDUODIGUANZHUXUANJUERBUSHIZHENGCE。MEITIZAIXUANJUZHONGQIZHEZHONGYAOZUOYONG。YINCI,CHUFEILIANXIZHENGZHIJIAHEXUANMINDEMEITIFASHENGBIANHUA,FOUZEWORENWEIXIANGZHIKUZHEIYANGDEZHENGCEYANJIUJIGOUNANYIZHUANGDA”。

  (本文系国家社科基金重点项目“自民党体制转型研究”(17AGJ008)阶段性成果)

  (作者单位:中国社会科学院日本研究所)

ZERENBIANJI:ZHANGYUEYING

虎扑足球 AG真人视讯_ag真人娱乐-专业购彩APP 贝博官网官方网站_贝博体育app网址 体育平台_体育平台app-官方推荐