虎扑足球

中文
整合资源创新智库人才建设
2021-11-06 来源:《中国社会科学报》2020年11月5日第2041期 作者:杨晓萍
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  在新形势下,新型智库的政策研究不仅仅是一种理论探究,更是一种实践活动。智库人才不仅需要对相关国家、地区或政策主题有着清晰独到的认识和理解,更要能不断提出新思想、新观点。

虎扑足球  DANGJINSHIJIEZHENGCHUYUBAINIANWEIYOUZHIDABIANJU,FEIXIFANGHUAYUDUOJIHUABINGCUN,JINGJIQUANQIUHUACHUXIANNIZHUAN,XINYILUNKEJIHECHANYEGEMINGZHENGZAIGAIBIANGUOJIZHENGZHIJINGJITUJING,QUANQIUZHILITIXIMIANLINJUDATIAOZHAN。ZAIZHEIYANGYIGESHIDAI,GUOJIAJIANJINGZHENGDEJICHUJISHISHILI,GENGSHI“ZHILI”。ZHIKUZUOWEIYIGONGGONGZHENGCEWEIYANJIUDUIXIANG、YIYINGXIANGZHENGFUJUECEWEIYANJIUMUBIAODEZHUANYEYANJIUJIGOU,YIJINGCHENGWEIGUOJIAKEXUEJUECETIXIBUKEHUOQUEDEZHONGYAOZUCHENGBUFEN。ZAIZHIKUJIANSHEZHONG,RENCAIJIANSHESHIWEICHIHETISHENGZHIKUJINGZHENGLIDEGUANJIAN。

  反思传统人才培养机制

虎扑足球  ZHIKUSHIYIXIANSHIWENTIWEIDAOXIANGDEZHUANYEXING、XUELIXING、SIXIANGXINGZHISHISHENGCHANJIGOU。ZAIXIANSHIYUNZUOZHONG,ZHIKUDEZHUYAOGONGNENGZHIYIJIUSHI“FASHENG”,JITONGGUOTICHUZHENGCEJIANYIYINGXIANGZHENGCEZHIDINGJINCHENG,TONGGUOJUBANGONGGONGHUODONGYINGXIANGGONGGONGYULUN,TONGGUOMEITILAIBIAODADUIMOUGEYITIJIYUYANJIUDEZHUANYEXINGPINGLUNHEGUANDIAN。

  “FASHENG”DEJICHUSHITASHI、ZHUANYE、ZHANGQIDEYANJIU,YIJIZAIYIZHONGXIANGDUIKAIFANG、PINFANDEJIAOLIUJICHUZHISHANGDECHUANGXINJINGSHEN。ZHIKUDESHENGCUNZHIDAOSHIBUDUANTICHUXINDEGUANDIAN,RUDUIZHIQIANYIXIEZHENGCEHEZUOFADEFANSI、DUIGUOJIALIYIDEXINLIJIE,HUOSHIYIXIEXINDECELVE、XINDEYANJIULINGYUZHUANXIANGDENG。ZHEIXIECHUANGXINDOULIBUKAIREN,RENSHICHUANGXINDEZHUTI,CHUANGXINSHIRENJINXINGDEZIZHUXING、CHUANGZAOXINGDEHUODONG。ZAIZHENGGEGUOCHENGZHONG,XUYAOTONGGUOZHIDUDESHEJI,LAIQUEBAO“YIRENWEIBEN”DEZHENGCEXINGDAOXIANGDEYANJIUGONGZUO,SHIZHIKUNENGZAIYIGEZIYUANZUIYOUHUADEHUANJINGZHONGYUNXING,CONGERDADAOZUIDACHENGDUDEWUJINQIYONG。

  SUIZHEZHONGGUOGAIGEJINRU“SHENSHUIQU”,YIJI“GUONEIGUOJISHUANGXUNHUAN”XINFAZHANGEJUDETICHU,GUOJIADUIZHIKUCHENGGUOSIXIANGXING、CHUANGXINXINGDEYAOQIUYEZAITISHENG。WEIWANCHENGXINSHIDAIFUYUXINXINGZHIKUDELISHISHIMING,WOGUOXIANYOUZHIKURENCAIPEIYANGJIZHIDEYIXIEDUANBANZHIDEFANSI。

虎扑足球  YISHICUJINXIANYOURENCAISIXIANGCHUANGXINDEGONGZUOJIZHIBUZU。ZAIXIANYOURENSHIPINRENZHIDUZHONG,WOGUOCHUANTONGZHIKURENCAIJIEGOUDECHAYIXINGJIAOXIAO,SHEJIDEXINXING、QIANYANXUEKEDERENCAIYEJIAOSHAO。CUNLIANGRENCAIZAIXUEKEBEIJING、YANJIUFANGXIANG、GONGZUOJINGLIDENGFANGMIANXIANGDUIDANYI,ZHEIJIWUFAXINGCHENGYANJIUTIDUI,YEHENNANCHENGDANKUAXUEKE、JIAOCHAXINGDEKETIYANJIU。TONGSHI,NIANLINGJIEGOUDEXIANGSI、KAOHEHEZHICHENGPINGSHENDEYALI,YESHIYANJIURENYUANDEGONGZUOHUANJINGXIANGDUIDANYIHEFENGBI,BUNENGYOUXIAOJINXINGSIXIANGJIAOLIUHEXIANGHUXUEXI,YEBULIYUSIXIANGDECHUANGXIN。

虎扑足球  ERSHIZHONGGUOTESEZHIKU“XUANZHUANMEN”ZHIDUDEQUESHI,ZAOCHENGYANJIUCHENGGUOYUZHENGCEYINGYONGDETUOJIE。ZHONGGUOCHUANTONGZHIKUZAIRENCAIDEPEIYANGSHANG,HENNANZUNXUNGUOWAIDE“XUANZHUANMEN”PEIYANGMOSHI,DAOZHIJINENGGOUZHASHIZUOYANJIU、YOUNENGGOUZAIZHENGFUZHONGYAOGANGWEIDANRENZHONGYAOZHIWUDEGAOSUZHIRENCAIBINGBUDUOJIAN。XIANYOUZHIKUYANJIUCHENGGUOPUBIANCUNZAI“GENBUSHANG”HE“BUSHIYING”、YANJIUCHENGGUOHENNANZHUANHUAWEIJUECEDEWENTI。

虎扑足球  SANSHIYANJIUYUXINGZHENGSHIWUHENNANWANQUANFENLI。JIUZHIKUERYAN,YAOBAOZHENGYANJIUGAOZHILIANG,SHOUXIANBIXUBAOZHENGYANJIURENYUANDUIYANJIUGONGZUODESHIJIANTOURU,BUNENGRANGYANJIURENYUANDESHIJIANBEIGUODUODEXINGZHENGSHIWUZHANYONG。FOUZE,ZHEIDUIYUJIGOUERYANJIANGSHIJUDADERENCAILANGFEI。

  SISHICHIXUXING、XITONGXINGDERENCAIPEIYANGYOUDAITISHENG。DANGQIAN,WULUNSHIZHIKUTUANDUIHAISHIZHIKUZHUANJIADEPEIYANGHEDAZAO,DOULIBUKAIDUIZHIKURENCAIDEJINYIBUPEIYANG。CHUANTONGZHIKUXIANGGUOJIZUZHI、GUOJIZHIKUSHUSONGRENCAIDETIZHIJIZHIRENGCHUYUTANSUOJIEDUAN,XITONGXINGHECHIXUXINGBUZU。

  借鉴全球领先经验

虎扑足球  DUIQUANQIULINGXIANDEZHIKUERYAN,RENCAIPEIYANGFANGSHIDEXUANZE,QUJUEYUZHIKUDUIZISHENBIJIAOYOUSHIDEDINGWEI,BENZHIRENGSHIZHISHICHUANGXINBEIHOUDEGONGXUGUANXI。WEIWEICHIHETISHENGZISHENYINGXIANGLI,QUANQIULINGXIANDEZHIKUZAIRENCAIPEIYANGSHANGJUNZUNXUNYIGEJIBENGUILV,JI“YIRENWEIBEN”,BINGYIZHIDUHUADEHUANJINGCUJINRENCAIDEZIWOGEXIN。“YIRENWEIBEN”JIZHONGYUZHIKUZHONG“ZHI”DEJIANSHE,BAOKUORUHESHIBIE“ZHI”、RUHESHIYONG“ZHI”YIJIRUHEPEIYANG“ZHI”。

  SHOUXIAN,ZAIRUHESHIBIE“ZHI”FANGMIAN,ZHEISHIJISHIYIGE“SHUANGXIANGXUANZE”WENTI。JIUYANJIURENYUANERYAN,QINGCHUZISHENDETESEYUJIAZHIFEICHANGZHONGYAO,BINGZAICIJICHUZHISHANGJIANGZISHENDEYOUSHIHEDUTEXINGFAHUIZHIJIZHI。ZHEIBAOKUODUIZISHENZHISHIPUXI、YANJIUJILEI、XIANQIZHIYEJINGLISHENZHINIANLINGJIEGOUDEYIZHENGTAOXITONG、JINGZHUNDEDINGWEI。JIUYANJIUJIGOUERYAN,SHIBIE“ZHI”DEZHUYAOCELVESHIZAIRENSHIYANJIURENYUANGEZICHAYIXINGDEJICHUSHANG,JIANGYANJIURENYUANYUZHIKUDEYANJIUZHIWEIJINXINGPIPEI。ZHEIZHONG“CHAYIHUA”DEPEIDUI,NENGGOUZUIDACHENGDUDIJIANGDIJIGOUNEIBUDEZIYUANZHONGDIE,JIANSHAOBUBIYAODEZIYUANLANGFEI。

  QICI,ZAIRUHESHIYONG“ZHI”FANGMIAN,JIANYUGUOJIWENTIBENSHENDEFUZAXING,ZAIJUTIDEGUOBIE(QUYU)YANJIUSHANG,DUIYUDUIXIANGGUODEYUYAN、FALV、WENHUAXISUDENGDEJIBENZHISHICHUBEIFEICHANGZHONGYAO。MEIGUOZUOWEIYIGEYIMINGUOJIA,JIAOHAODILIYONGLEYIMINJINGYINGDEZHIHUIYUZIYUAN;YINGGUOYEHENHAODILIYONGQIYUYINGLIANBANGGUOJIAZHIJIANDELISHILIANXI。

虎扑足球  ZAICI,ZAIGUANLIMOSHIFANGMIAN,“YIRENWEIBEN”YIWEIZHEZUNZHONGMEIGEYANJIURENYUANTEYOUDEYANJIUFANGSHI,XIANGXINMEIGEYANJIURENYUANXUANZEYANJIUYITIDENENGLI,TONGGUOYINGZAOYIGEKUANSONGDEYANJIUFENWEI,ZUIDAXIANDUGULIYANJIURENYUANQIANNENGHECHUANGZAOXINGDEFAHUI。DANSHI,ZHIKUDUIYANJIURENYUANCHENGGUODERENDINGQUEYOUYIGEJIAOWEITONGYIDEPINGPANBIAOZHUN,JIYANJIUCHENGGUOSHOUXIANSHI“ZHENGCEDAOXIANG”DE,TONGSHIYINGSHI“JUYOUZHONGZHANGQIZHANLVEXINGYINGXIANGDE”、JIYU“ZHENZHENGWENTI”ERJINXINGDE“ZHUANYEXING”YANJIU。YANJIUCHENGGUOYINGYOUYIDINGCHUANGXINXING,NENGDEDAOTONGXINGDERENKE,TONGSHIJUBEIZHUANHUANCHENGZHENGCEDEKEXINGXING。

虎扑足球  ZUIHOU,“YIRENWEIBEN”YEYIWEIZHESHIDUBAOCHIJIGOUYANJIURENYUANDELIUDONGXING。“BIAN”SHICHUANGXINDECHONGFENTIAOJIANZHIYI,MEIGUOZHIKUJIUBAOLIUZHEDUTEDE“XUANZHUANMEN”ZHIDU,SHIYANJIURENYUANKEYIZAILIKAIZHIKUHOU,JIXUJINRUZHENGFU、WAIPAIJIGOU、ZIXUNGONGSIHEDAXUEGONGZUO,ZHEIZHONGJINGLISHIJISHANGSHIDUIYANJIURENYUANDEYIGEZAICICHONGDIANGUOCHENG。YUGUONEITAOLUNDEZHIKUNEIBUDE“RENCAIPEIYANGJIZHI”DELUOJIBUTONG,MEIGUOZHIKUGENGDUOSHITONGGUOGENGGUANGDEHENGDUANMIANRENCAILIUDONG,DAZAOZHIKURENYUANDE“DUOMIANSHOU”NENGLI。JIBUJINYAO“NENGSHUO、NENGXIE”,“HUISHUO、HUIXIE”,ERQIEYAODUIYANJIUHEZHENGCEZHIDINGDOUYOUYIDINGDEQIESHENTIHUI,ZHEIYANGCAINENGDAZHIBAOZHENGTICHUDEZHENGCEBUSHIZHISHANGTANBING。

  探析新型智库人才培养机制

虎扑足球  ZAIXINXINGSHIXIA,XINXINGZHIKUDEZHENGCEYANJIUBUJINJINSHIYIZHONGLILUNTANJIU,GENGSHIYIZHONGSHIJIANHUODONG。ZHIKURENCAIBUJINXUYAODUIXIANGGUANGUOJIA、DIQUHUOZHENGCEZHUTIYOUZHEQINGXIDUDAODERENSHIHELIJIE,GENGYAONENGBUDUANTICHUXINSIXIANG、XINGUANDIAN。XINXINGZHIKURENCAIDELINGHUN,SHIZAIZHIYEHUA、GUOJIHUADEJICHUSHANG,GENGNENGSHENKELIJIEFUZA、ZHONGDAERPOQIEDEXIANSHIZHENGCEWENTI,BINGYONGYOUTONGGUOCHUANGXINSIXIANGHEGUANDIANJIJIYINGXIANGZHENGCE、GAISHANGUONEIHEGUOJISHEHUISHENGCUNCHUJINGDEZIJUEYISHI。ZHEIXUYAOYIZHONGZHIDUHUADEZIYUANZHENGHE,YEXUYAOZAIBIANHUADESHIJIEMIANQIAN,SHIZHONGYI“QIUBIAN、ZHONGSHENXUEXI”DETAIDULAITIGAOHEJIFAZHIKUHUOLI,CONGZHENGTISHANGTISHENGZHIKUJINGZHENGLI。

虎扑足球  SHOUXIAN,CHANGDAOZUZHIDE“XIETONGHEGAOXIAOZUOZHAN”。ZHIKUZUOWEIYIGEZUZHI,SHENGCUNDEGENBENLUOJISHITISHENGZISHENZHENGTIJINGZHENGLI,ZHEIXUYAOZAIGUANLISHANGZHENGHEZIYUAN、TIGAOXIAOLV。ZHIDUSHANGYANJIUYUXINGZHENGDEFENLI,JISHIYINWEIDUIYANJIUGONGZUODEJIBENSHIJIANTOURUSHIBAOZHENG“GAOZHILIANG”YANJIUCHENGGUODEJIBENQIANTIZHIYI,YESHIYINWEIZUOWEIYIGEZUZHIDEGETI,YINGBINGCHENG“BUZAIQIWEI、BUMOUQIZHENG”DELINIAN,YIJIANSHAOWUXINGZHONGRENWEIZENGJIADEYUNZUOCHENGBEN。

虎扑足球  TIGAOXIAOLVHAIXUYAOGEGEBUMENZHIJIANDEPEIHENENGJIBENSHIXIANWUFENGDUIJIE。BIRUGUOWAIZHIKUDE“YANJIU—CHENGGUOTUIGUANG—YANJIUJINGFEICHOUJI”SHIZHISHIYIZHENGTAOLIANGUANDEXITONG,JIZHUANYETUANDUITONGGUODUIYANJIUCHENGGUODEZHUANYEHUASHICHANGTUIGUANG,DUIXIANGKEYISHIZHENGFU、MEITI、XUEJIEHUOGONGZHONG,YOUZHUANMENDETUANDUILAIFUZECHENGGUODEBAOZHUANG、HUODONGDEXIEDIAO,YIJIYOUSHITONGGUOJIGOUDEQUDAOJIANGYANJIURENYUANDECHENGGUOSONGZHIXIANGGUANZHENGCEZHIDINGBUMENDENG,ZHEIZHONGMOSHIZHIDEZHONGGUOXINXINGZHIKUJIEJIAN。

  QICI,SHIXIAN“ZHONGSHENGXUEXI”DELINIAN。BIANHUASHICHUANGXINDEJICHUTIAOJIAN,ZUOWEISIXIANGDECHUANGXINZHEHELINGDAOZHE,GUOJIHUADEZHIKURENCAIYINGGAITOUNAOZHONGMEIYOUGENSHENDIGUDEJINQUSIXIANG,ERSHISIWEIHUOYUE、BUDUANCHUANGXIN、FUYOUXIANGXIANGLI。GUOJIHUADEZHIKURENCAIDUIYANJIUHESHENGHUOYOUYIZHONGJIJIXIANGSHANGDEJINGSHEN,GANYUDAPOYIQIE,RANHOUJINXINGFENXIHEZHONGXINDINGYI。ZAIDASHUJUHERENGONGZHINENGSHIDAI,GUOJIHUADEZHIKURENCAIYINGTISHENGSHIYONGQIANGDADESHUJUKUHEJISUANJIZHICHIXITONGDENENGLI,DAZAOGENGJUCHUANGZAOXINGDESIXIANGCHANCHU。

  ZUIHOU,TANXUNXINXINGZHIKU“XUANZHUANMEN”GOUJIANDELUJING。SUIRANZHONGMEILIANGGUODEZHENGZHITIZHICUNZAIZHONGDACHABIE,DANLIANGGUOZAIYIXIEDADEGUANJIANXINGYAOSUSHANGQUEYICHANGXIANGSI。BIRULIANGGUOJINGYINGJIECENGJUNXIONGXINBOBO、BUWEIJUKUNNANHETIAOZHAN、AIGANGJINGYE,QIEYOUYITAONEIZAIDEZIWOXUEXIHETISHENGDEYANHUAJIZHI。ZHEISHILIANGGUOWEILAIZHUDINGZAISHIJIESHANGFAHUIZHONGYAOZUOYONGDEJICHU。ZHONGGUOZHIKUYINGQIANGHUAXITONGNEILIUDONG,ZUOHAO“CHUAN、BANG、DAI”,JIAQIANG“DANG、ZHENG、JUN、XUE”DEHENGXIANGLIUDONG,PEIYANGYIPIZHIYEHUASHUIPINGGAO、YOUQINGHUAI、DONGZHONGGUODEGAODUANZHIKUGUOJIHUARENCAI。

  (作者单位:中国社会科学院亚太与全球战略研究院)

ZERENBIANJI:ZHANGYUEYING

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