虎扑足球

中文
加快推进农业农村现代化
2019-11-24 来源:虎扑足球 作者: 魏后凯
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虎扑足球  XINZHONGGUOCHENGLIYILAI,ZHONGGUONONGCUNZHIDUBIANQIANJINGLILECONGHEZUOHUA、GONGSHEHUADE“TONG”DAOJIATINGLIANCHANCHENGBAOZERENZHIDE“FEN”,ZAIDAOXINXINGJITIJINGJIDE“HE”;CONGGAODUJIZHONGDEJIHUATIZHIDAOGELINGYUDESHICHANGHUAGAIGE,ZAIDAOQUANMIANSHENHUAGAIGE;CONGRENMINGONGSHEDE“ZHENGSHEHEYI”DAO“XIANGZHENGCUNZHI”,ZAIDAOXIANGCUNSHANZHI;CONGCHENGXIANGFENGEDEERYUANTIZHIDAOCHENGXIANGTONGCHOU、CHENGXIANGFAZHANYITIHUA,ZAIDAOCHENGXIANGRONGHEFAZHANDETIZHIJIZHIZHUANBIAN。JINGUANJINGLILEYIXIEBOZHE,DANZONGTISHANGKAN,XINZHONGGUOCHENGLIYILAI,HUPUZUQIUGUONONGCUNJINGJIFAZHANQUDELEHUIHUANGDECHENGJIU,QUANGUOLIANGSHICHANLIANGHENONGYEZONGHESHENGCHANNENGLIWENBUTIGAO,NONGCUNCHANYERONGHESHENRUTUIJIN,NONGMINSHOURUHEXIAOFEISHUIPINGXIANZHUTISHENG,NONGCUNJINGJIMIANMAOFASHENGLEFANTIANFUDIDEBIANHUA,NONGCUNPINKUNRENKOUDAFUJIANSHAO,WEICUJINSHIJIENONGYEFAZHANYOUQISHIBAOZHANGSHIJIELIANGSHIANQUANHEQUANQIUJIANPINSHIYEZUOCHULEJUDAGONGXIAN。

  发展历程

虎扑足球  1978NIANDEGAIGEKAIFANGSHIZHONGGUONONGCUNJINGJIFAZHANDEYIGEZHONGYAOFENSHUILING。DUIYUGAIGEKAIFANGYILAIZHONGGUONONGCUNJINGJIFAZHANDEJIEDUANHUAFEN,ZHIJINXUESHUJIEBINGMEIYOUXINGCHENGYIZHIDEKANFA。SHISHISHANG,2002NIANDANGDESHILIUDATICHULE“TONGCHOUCHENGXIANGFAZHAN”DEYAOQIU,JIANGNONGCUNGAIGEFAZHANDEZHONGDIANCONGNONGCUNNEIBUZHUBUZHUANYIDAOCHENGXIANGZHIJIAN,JIUSHIYIGEZHONGYAODEFENJIEDIAN。GENJUZHEILIANGGEFENJIEDIAN,DATIKEYIJIANGXINZHONGGUOCHENGLIYILAIHUPUZUQIUGUONONGCUNJINGJIFAZHANDELICHENGFENWEIJITIHUAFAZHAN(1949—1978NIAN)、SHICHANGHUAFAZHAN(1979—2002NIAN)HECHENGXIANGRONGHEFAZHAN(2003NIANZHIJIN)SANGEJIEDUAN。

虎扑足球  JITIHUAFAZHANJIEDUAN。XINZHONGGUOCHENGLIZHICHU,ZHONGGUONONGCUNRENKOUYUTUDIZHANYOUZHUANGKUANGYANZHONGBUPINGDENG。WEIGAIBIANZHEIZHONGBUHELIZHUANGKUANG,ZHONGYANGRENMINZHENGFUYU1950NIAN6YUE30RIGONGBUSHISHI《ZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOTUDIGAIGEFA》,SUIHOUKAISHIZAIHUADONG、ZHONGNAN、XINAN、XIBEIDENGGUANGDAXINJIEFANGQUKAIZHANDAGUIMODETUDIGAIGEYUNDONG。DAO1952NIANDI,CHUXINJIANG、XIZANGDENGSHAOSHUMINZUDIQUHETAIWANWAI,JIBENWANCHENGLETUDIGAIGERENWU,QUANGUOYOU3YIDUOWUDIHESHAODIDENONGMINWUCHANGFENDELEYUE7YIMUTUDIHEQITASHENGCHANZILIAO。TUDIGAIGEJIDADIDIAODONGLENONGMINDEJIJIXING,NONGYESHENGCHANDEDAOXUNSUFAZHAN。CONG1949NIANDAO1952NIAN,QUANGUOLIANGSHICHANLIANGZENGZHANGLE44.8%,YOULIAOZENGZHANGLE63.5%,MIANHUA、TANGLIAO、SHUIGUOHECHAYECHANLIANGJUNZENGZHANGLE1BEIYISHANG,SHUICHANPINCHANLIANGZEZENGZHANGLE2.72BEI。

  TUDIGAIGERENWUJIBENWANCHENGHOU,1953NIANZHONGYANGZHENGSHITICHULEGUODUSHIQIDEZONGLUXIAN,YAOQIUZAIYIGEXIANGDANGZHANGDESHIQINEI,ZHUBUSHIXIANGUOJIADESHEHUIZHUYIGONGYEHUA,YIJIGUOJIADUINONGYE、SHOUGONGYEHEZIBENZHUYIGONGSHANGYEDESHEHUIZHUYIGAIZAO。WEIQUEBAOSHIXIANSHEHUIZHUYIGONGYEHUA,GUOJIASHISHILEDUINONGYENONGCUNFAZHANCHANSHENGSHENYUANYINGXIANGDESANXIANGZHONGYAOZHIDU,BAOKUOTUIJINNONGYEDEHEZUOHUAHEJITIHUA、DUINONGCHANPINSHIXINGTONGGOUTONGXIAOZHIDUYIJISHIXINGCHENGXIANGERYUANDEHUJIGUANLIZHIDU。ZAIZHEIYISHIQI,NONGCUNJINGJIFAZHANJIAOWEIHUANMAN。

虎扑足球  SHICHANGHUAFAZHANJIEDUAN。1978NIANYILAI,ZHONGGUOJINRULEGAIGEKAIFANGHESHEHUIZHUYIXIANDAIHUAHUPUZUQIUDELISHIXINSHIQI。ZHONGGUODEGAIGESHICONGNONGCUNKAISHIDE。ZAI1979—2002NIANJIAN,ZHONGGUONONGCUNGAIGEZHUYAOJIZHONGZAINONGCUNNEIBU,YIFANGHUOHAIQUANWEIZHONGXIN,ZAIJIANLIWANSHANNONGCUNJIBENJINGYINGZHIDUDEJICHUSHANG,TUIJINGELINGYUDESHICHANGHUAGAIGE。ZHEIYISHIQI,YIJIATINGLIANCHANCHENGBAOJINGYINGWEIJICHU、TONGFENJIEHESHUANGCENGJINGYINGDENONGCUNJIBENJINGYINGZHIDUDEQUELI,XIANGZHENQIYEDEYIJUNTUQI,JIAGEHELIUTONGLINGYUDEGAIGEYIJIXIANGZHENGCUNZHITIZHIDESHISHI,JUNWEINONGCUNJINGJIFAZHANTIGONGLEZHONGYAOZHICHENGHEZHIDUBAOZHANG。

虎扑足球  ZHEIZHONGSHICHANGHUAGAIGEJIDADIAODONGLENONGMINDESHENGCHANJIJIXING,JIFALENONGCUNFAZHANHUOLI,YOULICUJINLENONGCUNJINGJIFAZHAN。1979—2002NIAN,NONGCUNJUMINJIATINGRENJUNKEZHIPEISHOURUNIANJUNZENGZHANG7.3%,BICHENGZHENJUMINJIATINGZENGSUGAO0.6GEBAIFENDIAN。TEBIESHI,JIATINGLIANCHANCHENGBAOZERENZHIDESHISHI,JIDADICUJINLENONGYEZENGZHANGHENONGMINZENGSHOU。1979—1985NIAN,NONGCUNJUMINJIATINGRENJUNKEZHIPEISHOURUNIANJUNZENGZHANG15.2%,BICHENGZHENJUMINJIATINGZENGSUGAO8.2GEBAIFENDIAN。RANER,ZI1985NIANJINGJITIZHIGAIGEDEZHONGXINZHUANXIANGCHENGSHIHOU,NONGCUNJUMINSHOURUZENGSUMINGXIANDIYUCHENGZHENJUMIN。1986—2002NIAN,NONGCUNJUMINJIATINGRENJUNKEZHIPEISHOURUNIANJUNZENGZHANG4.2%,BICHENGZHENJUMINJIATINGZENGSUDI2.3GEBAIFENDIAN。

  CHENGXIANGRONGHEFAZHANJIEDUAN。2003NIANYILAI,SUIZHEGAIGEKAIFANGHECHENGZHENHUADEBUDUANTUIJIN,ZHONGGUONONGCUNFAZHANJINRULECHENGXIANGRONGHEDEXINJIEDUAN。DANGDESHILIUJIESANZHONGQUANHUITICHU“WUGETONGCHOU”,BINGBATONGCHOUCHENGXIANGFAZHANFANGZAISHOUWEI;SHIQIJIESANZHONGQUANHUITICHU“BAJIAKUAIXINGCHENGCHENGXIANGJINGJISHEHUIFAZHANYITIHUAXINGEJUZUOWEIGENBENYAOQIU”。SHIBADABAOGAOTICHU“TUIDONGCHENGXIANGFAZHANYITIHUA”,SHIJIUDABAOGAOZAICIQIANGDIAOYAO“JIANLIJIANQUANCHENGXIANGRONGHEFAZHANTIZHIJIZHIHEZHENGCETIXI”。ZHEIQIJIAN,GUOJIAKAIZHANLESHEHUIZHUYIXINNONGCUNHUPUZUQIU,SHISHILETUOPINGONGJIANZHANHEXIANGCUNZHENXINGZHANLVE,CHUTAILEYIXILIEQIANGNONGHUINONGFUNONGZHENGCE,BAOKUOQUXIAONONGYESHUIHEWANSHANNONGYEZHICHIBAOHUTIXI。QIZHEYANDIANYECONGDANCHUNDENONGCUNNEIBUKUOZHANDAOCHENGXIANGGUANXICENGMIAN,HEXINSHIQUANMIANSHENHUANONGCUNGAIGE,DIAOZHENGGUOMINSHOURUFENPEIJIEGOU,CUJINNONGMINCHIXUZENGSHOUYUFANPINKUN,TUIDONGCHENGXIANGRONGHEHEXIEDIAOFAZHAN。

  ZHEIQIJIAN,ZAICHENGXIANGRONGHEFAZHANDEDABEIJINGXIA,NONGCUNGEXIANGGAIGEQUANMIANSHENHUA,YOULIDITUIDONGLENONGCUNJINGJIFAZHAN,NONGMINSHOURUCHIXUKUAISUZENGZHANG,NONGCUNJIANPINQUDELEJUDACHENGXIAO。2003—2019NIAN,NONGCUNJUMINJIATINGRENJUNKEZHIPEISHOURUNIANJUNZENGZHANG8.2%,BICHENGZHENJUMINJIATINGZENGSUGAO0.3GEBAIFENDIAN,BI1979—2002NIANNONGCUNJUMINJIATINGZENGSUGAO0.9GEBAIFENDIAN。TEBIESHI,ZI2010NIANYILAI,ZHONGGUONONGCUNJUMINJIATINGRENJUNKEZHIPEISHOURUZENGSUCHIXUCHAOGUOCHENGZHENJUMINJIATING,2010—2019NIANNIANJUNZENGSUDADAO8.6%,BICHENGZHENJUMINJIATINGZENGSUGAO1.8GEBAIFENDIAN。ZHEIBIAOMING,ZHONGGUONONGCUNJINGJIYIJINRUCHIXUKUAISUFAZHANDEGUIDAO,GAIGECHUANGXINYIJINGCHENGWEITUIDONGNONGCUNJINGJIFAZHANDEZHONGYAOYUANDONGLI。

  成就与经验

  XINZHONGGUOCHENGLIYILAI,ZHONGGUONONGCUNJINGJIFAZHANQUDELEHUIHUANGCHENGJIU。TEBIESHI,NONGYEJINGJICHENGXIANCHIXUZENGZHANGTAISHI,NONGYECHANYEJIEGOUBUDUANYOUHUA,YIERSANCHANYERONGHEBUFAJIAKUAI。ANKEBIJIAGEJISUAN,1953—2019NIANZHONGGUONONGLINMUYUYEZONGCHANZHINIANJUNZENGZHANGLVWEI4.5%,QIZHONG,1979—2019NIANWEI5.5%。DUIJUYOUDIANXINGRUOZHIXINGDENONGYEERYAN,ZHEISHIYIGEJIAOGAODEZENGZHANGSUDU。TONGSHI,NONGYEKEJIHEZHUANGBEISHUIPINGXIANZHUTIGAO,NONGYESHENGCHANFANGSHIFASHENGLESHENKEBIANGE。1949NIAN,ZHONGGUONONGYEKEJIJINBUGONGXIANLVBUZU20.0%,GAIGEKAIFANGCHUQIYEZHIYOU27.0%,DAO2019NIANXUNSUTISHENGDAO59.2%,ZHUYAONONGZUOWULIANGZHONGJIBENSHIXIANQUANFUGAI。NONGYESHENGCHANFANGSHIZESHIXIANLECONGZHUYAOYIKAORENLI、CHULIDAOZHUYAOYIKAOJIXIEDONGLIDELISHIXINGZHUANBIAN,2019NIANQUANGUONONGZUOWUGENGZHONGSHOUZONGHEJIXIEHUALVYICHAOGUO70.0%,ER1978NIANQUANGUONONGYEZONGHEJIXIEHUALVJINYOU19.7%。NONGCUNCHANYERONGHEJINNIANLAIYEZAIBUDUANJIAKUAI。

  SUIZHENONGYENONGCUNJINGJIDEKUAISUFAZHAN,NONGCUNJUMINSHOURUHESHENGHUOSHUIPINGXIANZHUTIGAO,SHIXIANLECONGPINKUNDAOWENBAOZAIDAOXIAOKANGJINERQUANMIANXIAOKANGDELISHIXINGKUAYUE。XINZHONGGUOCHENGLIZHICHU,ZHONGGUONONGCUNJUMINSHOURUSHUIPINGJIDI,CHUYUJIDUANPINKUNZHUANGTAI。1949NIAN,QUANGUONONGCUNJUMINRENJUNCHUNSHOURUZHIYOU43.8YUAN,1952NIANYEZHIYOU57.0YUAN。CONG1978NIANDAO2019NIAN,NONGCUNJUMINRENJUNKEZHIPEISHOURUCONG133.6YUANZENGJIADAO16020.7YUAN,MINGYIZENGZHANGLE118.9BEI,NIANJUNSHIJIZENGZHANG7.67%,BICHENGZHENJUMINZENGSUGAO0.5GEBAIFENDIAN。ZHEIQIJIAN,QUANGUONONGCUNPINKUNRENKOUJIANSHAOLE7.65YIREN,PINKUNFASHENGLVCONG97.5%XIAJIANGDAO0.6%,ZHONGGUOJIANPINDUISHIJIEDEGONGXIANLVDADAOSANFENZHIER。NONGCUNJUMINDEXIAOFEISHUIPINGYEKUAISUZENGZHANG,1979—2019NIANNIANJUNSHIJIZENGSUDADAO7.3%,BICHENGZHENJUMINZENGSUGAO1.0GEBAIFENDIAN。DAO2019NIAN,NONGCUNJUMINENGEERXISHUYIXIAJIANGDAO30.0%。

  HUIGUXINZHONGGUOCHENGLIYILAIHUPUZUQIUGUONONGCUNJINGJIFAZHANDELICHENG,ZHUYAOYOUYIXIAJIFANGMIANDEJIBENJINGYAN。

虎扑足球  YISHISHIZHONGBENGJINLIANGSHIANQUANZHEIGENXIANBUFANGSONG。XINZHONGGUOCHENGLIYILAI,WULUNSHIZAILIANGSHIJINQUEHAISHIXIANGDUIKUANSONGDEHUANJINGXIA,ZHONGYANGDOUSHIZHONGGAODUZHONGSHILIANGSHIANQUANWENTI,BAQUEBAOGUOJIALIANGSHIANQUANFANGZAIJINGJISHEHUIFAZHANDESHOUWEI,SHIXINGLEZUIYANGEDEGENGDIBAOHUZHIDU,ZHIDINGSHISHILEYIXILIELIANGSHIHONGGUANDIAOKONGYUZHICHIZHENGCE,QUANMIANJIAQIANGLIANGSHISHENGCHAN、LIUTONG、CHUBEINENGLIHUPUZUQIU,QIESHITIGAOGUOJIALIANGSHIANQUANBAOZHANGSHUIPING。YOUYULIANGSHIDUANQUE,XINZHONGGUODELIANGSHIANQUANZHANLVEZUICHUZHUYAOSHIQUEBAOLIANGSHIZENGCHAN,HOULAIZHUBUXIANGNENGLIANQUAN、ZHILIANGANQUAN、SHENGTAIANQUANDENGDUOWEIMUBIAOZHUANBIAN。1996NIAN10YUE,ZHONGGUOSHOUCIMINGQUETICHULE“LIZUGUONEIZIYUAN,SHIXIANLIANGSHIJIBENZIJI”DELIANGSHIANQUANZHANLVE,BINGYAOQIUZHENGCHANGQINGKUANGXIALIANGSHIZIJILVBUDIYU95%。2013NIAN12YUE,ZHONGYANGJINGJIGONGZUOHUIYIYOUGENJUXINQINGKUANGTICHULE“YIHUPUZUQIUWEIZHU、LIZUGUONEI、QUEBAOCHANNENG、SHIDUJINKOU、KEJIZHICHENG”DELIANGSHIANQUANXINZHANLVE,QUELILE“GUWUJIBENZIJI、KOULIANGJUEDUIANQUAN”DELIANGSHIANQUANXINMUBIAO。70DUONIANDEJINGYANBIAOMING,QUEBAOGUOJIALIANGSHIANQUANSHIWEIHUSHEHUIWENDING、BAOZHANGGUOMINJINGJIYUNXINGDEZHONGYAOQIANTI,RENHESHIHOUDOUBUNENGFANGSONGBAOZHANGGUOJIALIANGSHIANQUANZHEIGENXIAN。

  ERSHICHONGFENDIAODONGNONGMINDEJIJIXINGHEZHUDONGXING。CONGXINZHONGGUOCHENGLIYILAIDEFAZHANLICHENGKAN,YIXIEYINGXIANGNONGCUNJINGJIFAZHANDEZHONGDASHIJIAN,RUJIATINGLIANCHANCHENGBAOZERENZHI、XIANGZHENQIYEHECUNMINZIZHIDENG,DOUSHIZHONGGUONONGMINDEWEIDACHUANGJU。NONGMINSHIZHONGSHINONGCUNGAIGEHEFAZHANDEZHUTI,YAOJIANCHIYIRENMINWEIZHONGXINDELINIAN,QIESHIBAOZHANGNONGMINDEJINGJILIYI,ZUNZHONGNONGMINDEMINZHUQUANLI,FAHUINONGMINDEZHUTIZUOYONGHESHOUCHUANGJINGSHEN,SHINONGMINCHONGFENFENXIANGGAIGEHEFAZHANDECHENGGUO,ZOUGONGTONGFUYUZHILU。SHIJIANJINGYANZHENGMING,ZHIYOUCHONGFENDIAODONGNONGMINDEJIJIXING、ZHUDONGXINGHECHUANGZAOXING,CAINENGJIFANONGCUNJINGJIFAZHANDENEISHENGHUOLI,NONGCUNGAIGEHEFAZHANCAINENGQUDECHENGGONG。

虎扑足球  SANSHIJIANCHINONGYENONGCUNYOUXIANFAZHANZONGFANGZHEN。XINZHONGGUOCHENGLIYILAI,ZHONGYANGSHIZHONGBANONGYEZUOWEIGUOMINJINGJIDEJICHU。2003NIANMINGQUETICHUBAJIEJUEHAO“SANNONG”WENTIZUOWEIQUANDANGGONGZUODEZHONGZHONGZHIZHONG,2017NIANJINYIBUTICHU“JIANCHINONGYENONGCUNYOUXIANFAZHAN”。CONG“JICHU”DAO“ZHONGZHONGZHIZHONG”ZAIDAO“YOUXIANFAZHAN”,TIXIANLEGUOJIA“SANNONG”ZHENGCEDEYIMAIXIANGCHENGHEBUDUANSHENHUA。ZAIXINXINGSHIXIA,YAOGOUJIANXINXINGDEGONGNONGCHENGXIANGGUANXI,JIAKUAITUIJINNONGYENONGCUNXIANDAIHUA,CUJINCHENGXIANGGONGTONGFANRONG,JIUBIXUBANONGYENONGCUNFAZHANFANGZAIYOUXIANDEWEIZHI。YOUXIANFAZHAN,JIUSHIZHENGFUZAIGONGGONGZIYUANPEIZHIHEZHENGCEZHICHISHANGJIYUYOUXIANKAOLV。JIANCHINONGYENONGCUNYOUXIANFAZHAN,SHIBUQINONGYENONGCUNDUANBANDEXUYAO。WEICI,YAOJIAQIANGDINGCENGSHEJI,WANSHANTIZHIJIZHIHEZHENGCETIXI,BINGZAIYAOSUPEIZHI、GONGGONGHUPUZUQIU、GANBUDUIWU、ZHICHENGTIAOJIAN、ZHICHIZHENGCEDENGFANGMIAN,QIESHIBANONGYENONGCUNFANGZAIYOUXIANDEWEIZHI,ZHENZHENGZUODAOXIANGNONGYENONGCUNQINGXIE。

虎扑足球  SISHIYISHICHANGWEIQUXIANGQUANMIANSHENHUANONGCUNGAIGE。GAIGECHUANGXINSHINONGCUNJINGJIFAZHANDEDIYITUIDONGLI。40DUONIANDEGAIGESHIJIANJINGYANBIAOMING,NONGCUNGAIGEBIXUZAISHEHUIZHUYISHICHANGJINGJIKUANGJIAXIA,ZHENGQUECHULIHAOZHENGFUYUSHICHANG、NONGMINYUTUDIDEGUANXI,GONGGUHEWANSHANNONGCUNJIBENJINGYINGZHIDU,BAOCHINONGCUNTUDICHENGBAOGUANXIWENDINGBINGZHANGJIUBUBIAN,TONGSHIYAOQUANMIANSHENHUANONGCUNTUDI、JITICHANQUAN、JITILINQUAN、GONGXIAOSHE、NONGKEN、XINYONGSHEDENGGEXIANGGAIGE。TONGGUOSHICHANGHUAGAIGE,QUANMIANJIHUONONGCUNFAZHANYAOSU、ZHUTIHESHICHANG,CUJINCHENGXIANGYAOSUSHUANGXIANGLIUDONGHEZIYUANYOUHUAPEIZHI,QUANLIJIFANONGCUNJINGJIFAZHANDENEISHENGHUOLIHEDONGLI。ZAITUIJINNONGCUNGAIGEDEGUOCHENGZHONG,BIXUCAIQUZIXIAERSHANGYUZISHANGERXIAXIANGJIEHEDEFANGFA,TONGGUOSHIDIANSHIYANJIANGJICENGCHUANGXINYUDINGCENGSHEJIYOUXIAOXIANJIEQILAI。ZHIYOUZHEIYANG,CAINENGCHONGFENDIAODONGJICENGDEJIJIXING,TONGSHIBAWOGAIGEDEZHENGQUEFANGXIANG。

虎扑足球  WUSHIQIANGHUAKEJIHERENCAIDEZHICHENGZUOYONG。70DUONIANDEJINGYANBIAOMING,NONGYEFAZHANDEGENBENCHULUZAIYUKEJICHUANGXIN,ERNONGYENONGCUNXIANDAIHUAZEXUYAOQIANGYOULIDEKEJIHERENCAIZHICHENG。DANGZHONGYANGLILAIGAODUZHONGSHINONGYEKEJICHUANGXIN,BUDUANJIADAKEYANJINGFEITOURU,ZHUBUJIANLILEQUANGUONONGYEKEJICHUANGXINTIXIHEJISHUTUIGUANGHUPUZUQIUTIXI。ZHENGSHIKEJICHUANGXINTEBIESHINONGYEJIXIE、NONGYEXINJISHUDEYINGYONGYIJIXINPINZHONGDEPEIYUHETUIGUANG,RUZAJIAOSHUIDAOYUZAJIAOYUMIPINZHONGDENGDEDAMIANJITUIGUANG,DUILIANGSHIZENGCHANHENONGYEFAZHANQIDAOLEZHONGYAOZUOYONG。TONGSHI,GUOJIAGAODUZHONGSHI“SANNONG”RENCAIYOUQISHISHIYONGXIANGTURENCAIDEPEIYANG,ZHUBUXINGCHENGLEQUANGUONONGYEJIAOYUTIXI、XINXINGZHIYENONGMINPEIXUNTIXIHENONGCUNRENCAIPEIYANGTIXI,JIANLILEYIZHIGUIMOPANGDADE“SANNONG”RENCAIDUIWU,WEINONGYENONGCUNFAZHANTIGONGLEJIANSHIDERENCAIZHICHENG。

  中长期展望

  DANGQIAN,QUANMIANJIANCHENGXIAOKANGSHEHUIHEDAYINGTUOPINGONGJIANZHANDERENWUMUBIAOJIJIANGSHIXIAN。ZAIQUANMIANJIANCHENGXIAOKANGSHEHUI、SHIXIANDIYIGEBAINIANFENDOUMUBIAOZHIHOU,ZHONGGUOJIANGJINRUKAIQIQUANMIANHUPUZUQIUSHEHUIZHUYIXIANDAIHUAGUOJIAXINZHENGCHENG、XIANGDIERGEBAINIANFENDOUMUBIAOJINJUNDEXINFAZHANJIEDUAN。ZHONGGUODEXIANDAIHUALIBUKAINONGYENONGCUNXIANDAIHUA,ZAIQUANMIANHUPUZUQIUSHEHUIZHUYIXIANDAIHUAGUOJIAXINZHENGCHENGZHONG,POQIEXUYAOJIAKUAINONGYENONGCUNXIANDAIHUAJINCHENG,JIAKUAISHIXIANYOUNONGYEDAGUOXIANGNONGYEQIANGGUOZHUANBIAN。NONGYENONGCUNXIANDAIHUASHIXIANGCUNZHENXINGZHANLVEDEZONGMUBIAO,HUPUZUQIUXIANDAINONGYEQIANGGUOZESHIQUANMIANHUPUZUQIUSHEHUIZHUYIXIANDAIHUAQIANGGUOBIBUKESHAODEZHONGYAOZUCHENGBUFEN。ANZHAOGUOJIAXIANGCUNZHENXINGZHANLVEGUIHUA,DAO2035NIANYAOJIBENSHIXIANNONGYENONGCUNXIANDAIHUA,DAO2050NIANXIANGCUNQUANMIANZHENXING,NONGYEQIANG、NONGCUNMEI、NONGMINFUQUANMIANSHIXIAN。ZHEIJIUWEIWEILAINONGCUNJINGJIFAZHANHEXIANGCUNZHENXINGZHIMINGLEFANGXIANG。

  NONGYENONGCUNXIANDAIHUAJUYOUFENGFUDENEIHAN,SHIBAOKUONONGYEXIANDAIHUAZAINEIDENONGCUNCHANYEXIANDAIHUA、SHENGTAIXIANDAIHUA、WENHUAXIANDAIHUA、XIANGCUNZHILIXIANDAIHUAHENONGMINSHENGHUOXIANDAIHUA“WUWEIYITI”DEYOUJIZHENGTI。JUHUPUZUQIUYANJIU,AN2035NIANMUBIAOZHICESUAN,2018NIANNONGYENONGCUNXIANDAIHUADESHIXIANCHENGDUWEI66.1%,AN2050NIANMUBIAOZHICESUAN,QISHIXIANCHENGDUWEI54.2%,JUNCHUYUZHONGQIJIEDUAN。RUGUOANZHAO2010—2018NIANPINGJUNZENGSUTUIJIN,CONGZONGTISHANGKAN,2035NIANZHONGGUOKEYIDADAOJIBENSHIXIANNONGYENONGCUNXIANDAIHUAMUBIAOZHI,2050NIANKEYIDADAOQUANMIANSHIXIANNONGYENONGCUNXIANDAIHUAMUBIAOZHI。RANER,FENLINGYUKAN,MUQIANGEFANGMIANDEJINCHENGCHABIEJIAODA,NONGCUNCHANYEXIANDAIHUAJINCHENGZUIKUAI,ERNONGCUNWENHUAXIANDAIHUAJINCHENGZUIMAN,XIANGCUNZHILIXIANDAIHUAYEJIAOWEIZHIHOU。YINCI,JIAKUAITUIJINNONGYENONGCUNXIANDAIHUA,BIXUJIZHONGLILIANGBUQIDUANBAN,JIAQIANGBORUOHUANJIE。

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  (作者系中国社会科学院农村发展研究所所长、研究员)

ZERENBIANJI: ZHANGYUEYING

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