虎扑足球

中文
魏巍:饱含深情歌唱“最可爱的人”
2021-10-23 来源:《光明日报》 作者:曾镇南
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  在纪念中国人民志愿军抗美援朝出国作战70周年的日子里,回望、重温新中国文学史上那些反映这场战争的文学华章,虎扑足球不会忘记在战争开始不久就出现的杨朔的长篇小说《三千里江山》,未央的抒情诗《枪给我吧!》《驰过燃烧的村庄》,石方禹的长篇诗歌《和平的最强音》;不会忘记贵州作家傅泽的一系列描写朝鲜战地生活的中短篇小说,尤其是那篇燃烧着爱国主义、国际主义真挚感情和饱满激昂战斗情绪的《小姐妹们》;不会忘记陆柱国的中篇小说《上甘岭》、孟伟哉的长篇小说《昨天的战争》和郑直的长篇小说《激战无名川》……饱含爱国主义热情加入这些富有才华的青年作家、诗人行列的,还有短篇小说《团圆》的作者,当年已经是大家了的巴金;根据《团圆》改编的电影《英雄儿女》的歌曲创作者之一,著名诗人公木;短篇小说《洼地上的“战役”》和延至20世纪80年代才出版的长篇小说《战争,为了和平》的作者路翎,等等。那一代作家披着如旭日初升的新中国的阳光,秉承着鲁迅“文学是战斗的”精神,挥舞彩笔,共同谱写出反映这场中国人民抗击侵略者伟大斗争的英雄史诗。 

  在这些文学创作中,最抢眼、最耐看的还是魏巍的著名通讯《谁是最可爱的人》和长篇小说《东方》——它们是耸立于群山之上的奇峰。这不能不使虎扑足球格外怀念、景仰这位战争诗人、革命作家。他把毕生心血用在描写和反映中国革命战争,特别是抗美援朝战争,立志讴歌中国人民和人民军队一往无前、从不屈服的革命英雄主义精神。1950年抗美援朝战争爆发后,魏巍两次亲赴朝鲜战场,和广大志愿军指战员生活在一起,战斗在一起。在志愿军指战员英雄事迹的鼓舞下,魏巍写出了很多影响中外文坛的优秀文学作品。 

  1、“他们是历史上、世界上第一流的战士,第一流的人!” 

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  2、“‘祖国’,这不是一个普通的词儿,这是一个至亲至爱的名字、尊贵的名字、神圣的名字” 

  《SHEISHIZUIKEAIDEREN》SHIWEIWEIDANGNIANKANGMEIYUANCHAOZHANZHENGXILIETONGXUNZHONGYIKEZUICUICANDEMINGZHU。1951NIAN10YUE,WEIWEIYI《SHEISHIZUIKEAIDEREN》WEISHUMING,TUICHUTADECHAOXIANZHANDITONGXUNJIDEDIYIBAN。ERHOU,1953NIANWEIWEIDIERCIRUCHAO,YOUXIELEJIPIANYIZHIYUANJUNGUIGUOWEITICAIDETONGXUN,SHITAZHEIYIZUTONGXUNCHENGWEIWANZHENGDIFANYINGKANGMEIYUANCHAOZHANZHENGQUANGUOCHENGDEZUOPIN。TAJISHIZHONGGUONAIZHISHIJIEXINWENSHISHANGDEMINGPIAN,YESHIZHONGGUODANGDAISANWENSHI、BAOGAOWENXUESHISHANGYIYISHANGUANGDEBAOSHI。YOUYUTANEIXINWENXIEZUODEGAOCHAOYISHU,SHITONGXUNZHEIZHONGZUIJISHIZUIDANCHUNZUIBIANJIEDIBAODAOSHENGHUOZHENSHISHIJIANDEXINWENTICAI,TUJINLEZHUIQIUPUBIANXINGHEDIANXINGHUADEWENXUELINGYU,CHENGWEIXIANDAIWENXUEZHONGXINXINGDEZHANDOUWENTI,JIBAOGAOWENXUEYUANDILIDEYIYUANLE。

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  CONGZHEIXIEZUOPINZHONG,HUPUZUQIUKANDAODEZUOJIAWEIWEI,SHIXINDESHEHUIZHUYIWENXUEZHONGFUYOUCHUANGZAOXINGDESIXIANGHUOJUDEDIANHUORENZHIYI。TADIANRANDESHIWUCHANJIEJIGUANYURENDEJIAZHIGUANDEHUOJU,SHISHEHUIZHUYIDEAIGUOZHUYIDEHUOJU,SHIWEIRENMINXIANSHEN、ZAIZHANDOUZHONGCHENGZHANGDEQINGCHUNDEHUOJU。SHENMEYANGDERENZUIKEAI,SHENMEYANGDEGANQINGZUISHENSHENG,SHENMEYANGDEQINGCHUNZUIMEILI,ZHEIXIEWENTIZHENGSHIGANGGANGCONGJIUZHONGGUOTUOTAIERCHUDEXINZHONGGUOSHEHUISHANGCUNZAIDEJIDAIHUIDADE、ZUIPUBIAN、ZUIJIZHONGDESIXIANGWENTI,ERWEIWEIDESANWENZUOPIN,ZHENGSHITOUXIANGZHEIXIESHIDAISICHAOJUJIDIANDEHUOHUA,YUSHIBIANZAIQIANBAIWANRENMIN,YOUQISHIQIANBAIWANDEQINGNIANXINZHONGDIANRANLEXINDEJIAZHIGUAN、RENSHENGGUAN、DAODEGUANDEXIONGXIONGLIEYAN。

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  3、“这确实是世界上最强有力的队伍,这是心连着心、肩并着肩的友谊的巨流!” 

虎扑足球  1953NIAN,DANGZHONGGUORENMINZHIYUANJUNWANCHENGLEZIJIDELISHISHIMING,SHENGLIGUIGUOHOU,WEIWEIYOUXIELELIANGPIANZHUMINGDETONGXUN,YIPIANSHIDAIZHEZHENGLUNXINGDEWENYITONGXUN《ZHEILISHIJINTIANDEDONGFANG》,YIPIANSHIGENGDAISHIQINGXINGDESHUQINGJISHITONGXUN《YIYIXIBIEDESHENQING》。QIANZHESHIYIGUANGKUOGAOYUANDELISHISHIYEHEZHENGZHIYUYAN,WEIKANGMEIYUANCHAOZHANZHENGSHENGLIDEYIYIZUOLEDUANNINGERXIANGCHEDEZONGJIE。PENGDEHUAIZAICHAOXIANTINGZHANXIEDINGQIANZISHENGXIAOHOUCENGSHUOGUO:“XIFANGQINLVEZHEJIBAINIANLAIZHIYAOZAIDONGFANGYIGEHAIANXIANSHANGJIAQIJIZUNDAPAOJIUKEYIBAZHANYIGEGUOJIADESHIDAISHIYIQUBUFUFANLE。”ZHEIJIUSHIZAIWENZHANGLICONGBIAOTIDAOZILIXINGJIANYIZAIHUIDANGZHEDE“ZHEILISHIJINTIANDEDONGFANG”ZHEIYIXIANGLIANGSHENGYINDEDIQI。ZHEISHILISHIDEJIELUN,YESHISHENGLIDEXUANYAN,SHILISHILAORENJIYU“HUPUZUQIUZHONGGUORENMINDEAIZI——ZHIYUANJUNYINGXIONGMEN”DESHENGLIGONGBEIDEBEIWEN。

  《YIYIXIBIEDESHENQING》YIXIRUSILV、MAIMAIRUSHUI、WENRUNRUYUDEYUYAN,BAZHONGCHAORENMINZAIZHANCHANGSHANGYONGXIANXUENINGCHENGDEYOUYI,YIJIZAITINGZHANHOUDEYIDUANSHIJIANZHONGCHAOJUNMINXIANGCHUZHONGYONGAIHANYUCHULAIDEQINGYI,QUANDOUYONGXIZHIRUWEIDESHENGHUOCHANGJINGHUIZHUANG、SHENGHUOXIJIEMIAOXIEBIAODACHULAILE。ZHEIPIANZUOPINCHUANGZUOYU1958NIANWEIWEIDISANCIFUCHAOXIANCAIFANGZHIHOU,WENZHANGJIJI《RENMINRIBAO》,SHOUDAOZHONGSHI,BEIRENWEISHI《SHEISHIZUIKEAIDEREN》DEJIEMEIPIAN。JUWEIWEIHOULAIHUIYISHUO:“SHIHOUDEZHI,GAOZISHIDENGTUOTONGZHIQINZICHULIDE。YUANLAIDETIMUSHI《SONGBIELEISASHILECHAOXIANDEGUOTU》,DENGTUOTONGZHIGAICHENGLEXIANZAIDEYANGZI。”

  WEIWEIHAIHUIYISHUO:“ZHEIPIANWENZHANGFABIAOHOUFANYINGBUCUO,WOYOUQIGAOXINGDESHIMEIXIANGDAOSHOUDAOSANWENDASHIBINGXINLAORENDEZANYANG。ZAIRENDAKAIHUISHI,TAYIJIANDAOWOJIUGAOXINGDISHUO:‘NIXIELEYIPIANHAOWENZHANG!’HOULAIZAI1960NIANDI3QIDE《YUWENXUEXI》SHANG,TAFABIAOLEYIPIANDUHOUGAN,ZHEISHIWOSHENWEIGANXIEDE。”ZHEIDUANHUIYIYINQILEWONONGYUDEXINGWEI。《SHEISHIZUIKEAIDEREN》FUYIWENSHI,JIUDEDAODINGLINGDEREQINGPINGYI,TADEJIEMEIPIAN《YIYIXIBIEDESHENQING》YOUDEDAOBINGXINDESHENGZAN。

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虎扑足球  RENMENCAIXIANGHURANXINGZHUANGUOLAI,CACALEI,QUDUOZHANSHIMENDEBEIBAO。XIAOHAIZIYEBABEIBAOQIANGGUOQUBEIZAIJIANSHANG,FUNVMENBADUOGUODEBEIBAO,GAOGAODIDINGZAITOUSHANG,PIAOXINGZAIZHANSHIDESHENBIAN。ZHEISHIDEDUIWU,YIJINGBUFENXINGLIE,BUFENJUNMIN,BUFENNANNV,CUOCUOLUOLUO,WUGUANGSHISE,HUXIANGCHANZHEFUZHE,BIANSHUOBIANZOU。ZHEISHISHENMEDUIWUA!YEXUZHEIBUXIANGDUIWUBA,KESHIZHEIQUESHISHISHIJIESHANGZUIQIANGYOULIDEDUIWU,ZHEISHIXINLIANZHEXIN、JIANBINGZHEJIANDEYOUYIDEJULIU!ZHEIZHIJULIU,XINGJINZHE,XINGJINZHE,YUEGUOLEYIDAODAOSHUI、YIDAODAOSHAN,TAMENXINGJINZAIFENGLINSHAOHONGDESHANYE,XINGJINZAISHEHUIZHUYIDEDONGFANG……

  4、“它是写中国人民志愿军在抗美援朝战争中创造的宏伟业绩的史册,是一幅绚丽多彩的画卷,是一座雕塑了各种不同形象的英雄人物的丰碑” 

虎扑足球  WEIWEIDEKANGMEIYUANCHAOZHANZHENGTONGXUNXILIE,YIXINWENJISHIXINGQIANG、XIANCHANGDAIRUGANQIANG、GANQINGCHONGJILIQIANGDEYOUSHI,JISHIDIGOULELEKANGMEIYUANCHAOZHANZHENGZHEIYIDONGFANGYINGXIONGSHISHIDEYUANCHULUNKUO、FENGMAOHEQISHI,LIUXIALEXUXUDUODUOHUAIZHEZHONGGANYIDANDEZHONGHUAERNVDERENWUJIANYINGHESUMIAO,JILULEZHEIYIDUANLISHIDEHUACAILEZHANG。RANER,WEIWEIBINGBUMANZUYUZHEIZHONGFANYINGHEBIAODAFANGSHI,CONGCHAOXIANZHANCHANGHUILAIHOU,TAMASHANGKAISHIXIEYIBUYUXIANSHIDESHISHIXIANGBI,JUYOUGENGGAOGENGGUANGDEYISHUGAIKUOLI、GENGSHENGENGQIANGDEYISHUDIANXINGSUHUILIDESHISHI。TAYONGLEERSHIDUONIANDESHIJIAN,QIANXINYANJIUSHENHUACONGCHAOXIANCAIFANGDELAIDESUCAI,LIJINGMONANHEQUZHE,OUXINLIXUE,ZHONGYUCHUANGZUOCHUZHEIYIBUYIKANGMEIYUANCHAOZHANZHENGWEIZHUTIDE,GAIKUOLEXINZHONGGUOCHENGLICHUQIGUONEINONGCUNDOUZHENGHEJIANSHESHENGHUODEZHANGPIANYINGXIONGSHISHI《DONGFANG》。TADAGUIMODIMIAOXIESHEHUIXIANXIANGHESHIDAIFENGMAO,SHIYIBUWEIDONGFANGJURENSUXIANGZHUHUNDEJUYOULISHIYIYIDEZUOPIN。XIAOSHUOYIHUIHONGDEQISHI、QIULIDESECAI,JINYANWANZHENGDEJIEGOU,SUZAOLELISHIWUTAISHANGZHONGDUOCHUANGZAOLISHI、TUIDONGLISHIQIANJINDE、GEZHONGGEYANGDEREN,WEIWOGUODANGDAIWENXUELIUXIALEYIGEYIGEGUROUFENGMAN、QIYUNSHENGDONGDERENWUXINGXIANG。

  WEIWEIZAIZHIYUANJUNZHANSHIZHONGJIQUDEGANQINGHEQIXI,ZAIKANGMEIYUANCHAOZHANZHENGZHONGHUODEDEJINGSHENXILI,SUOXINGCHENGDEGEMINGYINGXIONGZHUYI、AIGUOZHUYIHEGUOJIZHUYIDEJIAZHIGUAN、SHIJIEGUAN,DUONIANLAIYIZHIZAITADECHUANGZUOZHONGYONGDONG、BENLIU,XINGCHENGLETADEQUANBUCHUANGZUOYIYIGUANZHIDEGANQINGTEZHI、LINGHUNGUANGBO、MINZUFENGCAI,RONGZHUYUTADEZHANGPIANJUZHU《DONGFANG》ZHIZHONG。“DONGFANG”ZHEIYIWENXUEYIXIANG,JIHANYUNKANGMEIYUANCHAOZHEIYILISHISHIDUANDETEZHI,YOUHANKUOLEZHANQIANZHIZHIZHANHOUMANZHANGLISHIJINCHENGZHONGDESHIJIEGEJUGAIGUAN。

虎扑足球  1978NIAN,《DONGFANG》YOURENMINWENXUECHUBANSHECHUBAN,FUYIWENSHI,JIYITASHENHOUDESHENGHUOXING、GAODUDEDIANXINGGAIKUOLI、CHENXIONGBODADESHISHIQIZHI,XIYINLEGUANGDADUZHEHEPINGLUNJIEDEMUGUANG。《DONGFANG》ZUIZAO、ZUIREQINGYEZUIWENDINGDEPINGLUNZHEDINGLINGZHICHU:“《DONGFANG》SHIYIBUSHISHISHIDEXIAOSHUO,TASHIXIEZHONGGUORENMINZHIYUANJUNZAIKANGMEIYUANCHAOZHANZHENGZHONGCHUANGZAODEHONGWEIYEJIDESHICE,SHIYIFUXUANLIDUOCAIDEHUAJUAN,SHIYIZUODIAOSULEGEZHONGBUTONGXINGXIANGDEYINGXIONGRENWUDEFENGBEI。”“TAJIHUXIEDAOLEKANGMEIYUANCHAOZHANZHENGZHONGDEJIGEJIEDUANHEQUANBUYOUMINGDEZHANYI……TASHICONGTAZHANGQIZHANDOUSHENGYAZHONGTILIANCHUTADERENWU、SHENGHUO、QINGCAO……BIAOXIANLEYIGESHIDAIDEZUIJINGCUI、ZUIBENZHIDEDONGXI,YINCI,BUGUANXIAOSHUOZHONGYEHAIYOUMOUXIEXIAOXIAODEWUZAZHICHU,DANTASHIZHENGQUEDI、MANHANSHIQINGDIGESONGLEYIGEWEIDASHIDAIHEYIQUNJUYOUTEDIANDEXINREN,ZUIKEAIDEREN。”DINGLINGJINYIBUFENXISHUO:“ZUOJIAHUALEHENDADEJINGLIKEXUEDIZUZHIZHEIBUZHANGPIAN,BILISHIZHONGBUXIE,GANQINGGUANCHUANDAODI。”QUANSHUERSHILAIGEZHUYAORENWUDEMIAOXIE,“DOUYIGEYIGEDIYUERANZHISHANG。ZHEIMEDUODERENWU,YOUHENDUOXIANGSIZHICHUDERENWU,XIELAIDOUBULEITONG,GEYOUTEDIAN,QIYUANYINJIUZAIZUOZHESHENGHUOZHISHENHOU,GANQINGZHIZHUANZHU,YEJIUSHIHUPUZUQIUCHANGSHUODEDAOZHANDOUDESHENGHUOZHONGQUGAIZAOHUPUZUQIUDESHIJIEGUAN,CONGQUNZHONGZHONGLAIDAOQUNZHONGZHONGQU”。DINGLINGDUI《DONGFANG》DEPINGLUN,CONGZHUTI、JIEGOUDAORENWUNAIZHIZUOPINSHENGHUONEIRONGDEXIANSHIJICHU,DOUYIYIGUANZHIDICONGZUOZHEDESIXIANGGANQINGDECUILIANYUTOUZHURUSHOU,QUJIEDADAIZHEQIANGLIEGEMINGQINGXIANGXINGDEZUOPINRUHEHUODEYISHUXINGDEWENTI,ZHEISHIYIGEMAKESIZHUYIDECHUANGZUOLUNYUPIPINGLUNDEZHONGXINWENTI、“YINGHE”WENTI。ZHENGSHIYINWEIZHUAZHULEZHEIYIDIAN,YEJIUSHIDINGLINGDUI《DONGFANG》DEPINGLUNJIBENSHANGCHENGWEILISHIDEDINGPING。

  YIDUANSHIQINEI,GUANYU《DONGFANG》DEPINGLUN、YANJIUWENZHANGLUOYIBUJUE,JIANJIANHEZHONGYICHENGGONGSHI,ZHONGYUSHITAZAIXINSHIQIWENXUEFADUANQI,RONGHUODIYIJIEMAODUNWENXUEJIANG。

  JINNIANSHIWEIWEIDEBAINIANDANCHEN。TAXIANGYIZUOWENXUEDEFENGBEI,BAZHANGZHANGDEYINGZI,TOUYINGZAIZUGUODEDADISHANG,TOUYINGZAISHIJIEDEDONGFANG,TOUYINGZAISHIJIZHIJIAO,YIZHIYANSHENDAOXINSHIDAI。

  (作者:曾镇南,系中国社科院文学所研究员) 

ZERENBIANJI:WANGNING

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