虎扑足球

中文
只有我看得见的光——百岁诗人郑敏心灵肖像
2021-10-26 来源:《光明日报》 作者:萧 莎
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虎扑足球  7YUE18RI,“JIUYESHIRENZUIHOUYIYE”ZHENGMINXIANSHENGZAIQINGHUADAXUEHEQINGYUANJIAZHONGDUGUOLEBAISUISHOUCHEN。

虎扑足球  ZHENGMINSHISHIREN,YESHIXUEREN。TAQINGNIANCHENGMING,SHIZUOYINRANLEHOULAIJIDAISHIRENDELINGGAN,ZAIZHONGGUOXIANDANGDAIWENXUESHISHANGZHANYOUYIXIZHIDI。TADESHILUNKAI20SHIJI80NIANDAIFENGQIZHIXIAN,JIANGXIFANGJIEGOUZHUYIZHEXUEYINRUDUIHANYUWENZI、XINSHICHUANGZUO、WENXUESHIGUANHEZHONGHUAWENHUACHUANTONGDEZHONGXINLIJIE,ZAIWENYILILUNLINGYUYINFASHENYUANHUIXIANG。TADEBAISUIRUTONGYIBENHOUSHIDESHU,JIZAIZHETADUTEDETIANFUCAINENG、TABUXIEDECHUANGZUOSHIJIANHEQIUZHINULI,YEKEXIEZHEYUHUPUZUQIUMINZUMINGYUNXIANGHUYINGDECANGSANG,YOUKANKE,YEYOUJIANYIBUQUDEJINQU。

虎扑足球  ZHENGXIANSHENGCENGXIEXIASHIJU:

  BUNENGWANGJITA

虎扑足球  SUIRANTAIYANGYIJINGXIASHANLE

  SHANLUANDEZHANGZHANGDEZHITI

  SHUZHANDIWOXIA

  CHUANGUOCHUANBUTOUDETIEJIA

  TAHUIDAOWODEYISHILI

  ZAINEIERFANGCHU

虎扑足球  ZHIYOUWOKANDEJIANDEGUANG。(《XINXIANGZUSHI》ZHIYI)

虎扑足球  NEISHUYINLINGTAQIANXINGBUJUANDEGUANG,RANGHUPUZUQIUFANKAISHIRENDESUIYUESHUJUANQUXUNFANG。

   

  ZHENGMINDEQIUXUEZHILUSHIFENTEBIE。TA19SUITONGGUOXINANLIANDARUXUEKAOSHI,BEIWAIWENXILUQU。BAODAOZHUCENEITIAN,TANIANJIZIJIDEZHEXUEAIHAO,XIANGDAOZIXIUZHEXUEBIWAIGUOWENXUENAN,BIANGUODUANZHUANRUZHEXUEXI,GAIXIUXIFANGGUDIANZHEXUE。

  DAXUESANNIANJI,ZAIDEWENJIAOSHOUFENGZHIDEZHIDIANHEGULIXIA,TAKAISHIZAIBAOKANSHANGFABIAOSHIZUO。1947NIAN,TADESHIGEZUOPINJIEJICHUBAN,SHOULUYUBAJINZHUBIANDE《WENXUECONGKAN》DISHIJI,TIWEI《SHIJI1942―1947》。CISHI,ZHENGMINBUGUO27SUI,YANRANZHONGGUOXINSHIJIEDEYIKEXINXING。

  ZHENGMINDESHIZUOCONGYIKAISHIBIANFENGGEXIANMING,BEICHENGWEI“YONGQINGMINGDESHUXUEJIADELIZHILAIXIESHIDESHIREN”。SHIRENTANGSHIRUCIPINGSHUDAO:“TASUICHANGBUZIJUEDICHENQIANYUYIPIANSHENQING,DANTADENEIXIAORANWUWAIDEGUANSHANGTAIDU,NEIZHONGZHERENDEGANKUIQUECHANGYUERANERCHU,GESONGZHEZHIGAODELIXING。”

  QINGYULIJINMIJIAOZHIBINGLIQIULIZHIDECHAORANHECHAOYUE,ZHEIZHONGMEIXUEZHUIQIUTUOTAIYUQINGNIANZHENGMINDEGEXING,LIBUKAITADEZHEXUEDIYUN,BUGUO,ZAIMOUZHONGCHENGDUSHANG,TAQISHIYESHIZHONGGUOXIANDAIPAIXINSHIDANGSHIGONGTONGTUICHONGDEYIZHONGCHUANGZUOQINGXIANG。

  20SHIJISANSISHINIANDAI,YILIERKE、AILVETE、AODENGWEIDAIBIAODEOUMEIXIANDAIZHUYISHICHAODENGLUZHONGGUO。YIPINIANQINGSHIRENSHOUQIXIYIN,YONGXINCHUAIMOXIFANGXIANDAIZHUYIYISHUJINGYAN,JIANGQIYINGYONGYUHANYUXINSHIDEYISHUTANSUO。TAMENDECHUANGZUOSHIYANGEQUYIJING,BAIHUASHIDEJIEGOU、XIUCI、BIAODASHOUFAZAITAMENSHOUSHANGCHENGXIANCHUDUOZHONGYANGSHIDEXINFAZHAN。BAIHUAQIFANGDEYUANDILI,QINGNIANZHENGMINDESHIZUONAISHIQIZHONGYIZHISHENGJIBOBO、SANFAYOUXIANGDECANGLAN。

  FANRONGYU40NIANDAIDEXIANDAIPAIXINSHIYOUBIEYUCIQIANDELANGMANZHUYIHUOXIANSHIZHUYIQUXIANGDEBAIHUASHI。TACONGZHONGXISHIGEYISHUDUIHUAZHONGTIQULINGGAN,CHANGSHICHAOYUEDANCHUNDE“WOSHOUXIEWOKOU”HUO“WOSHOUXIEWOXIN”,SHIZHONGGUOXIANDAIHANYUYUDANGSHIDESHEHUIQINGJING、RENWENSIKAOYIJISHIGETEXINGDERONGHUIHECHUANGZAO。YONGYUANKEJIAXIANSHENGDEHUASHUO,TAMENDESHISHI“XINDEZONGHE”DEYISHU,TA“BAOHAN、JIESHIHEFANYINGLERENSHENGXIANSHIXING”,TONGSHI“JUEDUIKENDINGSHIZUOWEIYISHUSHIBIXUBEIZUNZHONGDESHIDESHIZHI”。

  RANER,JUYOUSHIDAIXIANFENGXINGDEYISHUSHIJIANZHUDINGSHUYUXIAOZHONG。ZAIXIANDAIPAIBIXIA,“SHIZUOWEIYISHUDEBENZHI”CHANGCHANGTIXIANWEISHIJUJIANSHENHUISE,SHIYIYUHUI、TIAOYUEERDUOCENG,SHIRENMENDEYANSUHESHENCHENJIDUZHESHEZHILEZHIXINGMENJIAN,BUYIQINJIN。ZHEIZHONGSHULIDAZHONGQUWEIDEYISHULICHANGXIANRANBUNENGZHIJIEFUWUYUKANGRIZHANHUOHEMINZUJIUWANG。YINCI,ZAIGUNGUNERLAIDEGEMINGHONGLIUZHONG,XIANDAIPAIXINSHISHOUDAOPENGJI,BEICHIZEWEIXIAOZICHANJIEJIQINGDIAO。XINZHONGGUOCHENGLIHOU,TAMENBEIJIEJIFENXISUOZHUDAODEWENXUEPINGJIASUOFOUDINGHEPAOQI。

   

虎扑足球  ZHIDAO30DUONIANGUOQU,XINSHIQIKAIQISHIYITANSUODEXINZHENGCHENG,40NIANDAIDEXIANDAIPAIXINSHICAIZHONGXINBEIWAJUECHULAI,HUIDAODUZHEDESHIYE。1981NIAN,《JIUYEJI》CHUBAN,ZHENGMINYIJING61SUILE。

虎扑足球  DUIYUJIUYESHIZAOYUDECUOZHE,ZHENGMINZAI90NIANDAIJIESHOUFANGTANSHIBIAODALESHENKEDONGJIAN。TARENWEI,PAOQUEZHONGGUOLISHIDETESHUJINCHENGDAILAIDEJUTIWENYIGUANDOUZHENGHEENYUANJIUGE,JIUYESHIPAIDELISHICHENFUGUIGENJIEDITIXIANLEERYUANSIWEIMOSHIDUIWOGUOWENYIPINGJIATIXIHEWENYIXINTAIDESHUFU。LIRU:GEMING/YISHUERYUANPINGJIABIAOZHUN。40NIANDAIDE“QIYUESHIPAI”HE“JIUYESHIPAI”YUANBENTICAIHUBU、SHIFENGXIANGYI,BINGBUGOUCHENGXIANGHUPAICHIHEDUIKANGDEGUANXI,RANER,GEMINGDIYIYISHUDIERDEBIAOZHUNPIANPIANZAILIANGZHEZHIJIAN“YINFALEYICHANGMEIYOUYIYIDEMAODUN”。QIYUESHIGEDEYUYANHEZHUTITIEJINDICENG,FUYUANGYANGDEZHANDOUJINGSHEN,YINERBEIXINZHONGGUOWENXUESHIJIAOCAISHULIWEIMOFAN,JIUYESHIJIANGYISHU,“BUGEMING”,PIPINGJIEJIUWUFAZHENGSHITAZAIXINSHIFAZHANSHIDEWEIZHIHEJIAZHI。ZAIRU:QUFENERYUANWENHUASHENFEN、BIANCIBAOBIDESHIDAISICHAO。JIUYESHIRENPUBIANJIESHOUGUOGAODENGRENWENJIAOYU,TONGXIAOWAIGUOYUYANWENXUE,SHANYUBIAODAZHISHIFENZIDEMINGANHECHENSI,BEIYUWEIZHONGGUOXIANDAIDEHAMULEITE;QIYUESHIPAIYONGBAO“RENMINBENWEIZHUYI”,QIANGDIAO“JITIDEYINGXIONGZHUYI”HEPUXIANGGUANGMINGDEXINGDONGXING,BEICHENGWEIWUZHUANGQILAIYONGYUBOJIDETANGJIHEDE。JIUJINGSHENJIAZHIERYAN,TANGJIHEDEDEDANCHUNYUHAMULEITEDEFUZABENSHIDUILIHUBU,TANGJIHEDEZHIPODEMINJIANSHENGHUOLUOJIHELEGUANZHUYIQINGHUAIYUHAMULEITEQIONGJIUSHILIDEYOUSIGEYOUQIYONG。KESHI,RUGUOJIANGZHISHIFENZIYUGONGNONGBINGJIANDANDUILIQILAI,HAMULEITEDEWEIJIYISHIHEZHANZHUANSIKAOYEJIUBEISAODANGCHUJU,WURENQINGTINGYEWUZUQINGZHONGLE。

  “DAYUEJIN”SHIQI,ZHENGMINBEIXIAFANGDAOSHANXILINFENNONGCUN,YOUYUZHANGQIJIEHEYINGYANGBULIANG,QUANSHENFUZHONG。“SIQING”YUNDONG,TAZAIDAOSHANXINONGCUNCHADUI,YUDANGDINONGMINTONGCHITONGZHUYINIAN。JIEZHEWENGE,LISHIQINGCHAHEKAIHUIPIDOUCONGTIANERJIANG,TABUDEBUJIANGSUOYOUSHIJIFUZHIYIJU,BUZAITANSHI,ZHIDAOHAOJIEJIESHU。YEJIUSHISHUO,JISHIBUSUANGERENZAOSHOUDEWEIQUHECHUANGSHANG,CONG30DUOSUIDAO50DUOSUI,ZHISHAO20NIANSHAOHUAZAIFENGYUNBIANHUANZHONGLIUSHI。SHIGEMEIYOUSHENGMING,BUHUIWEISHIDAOWUCHANGERTONGKU,NEIMESHIRENNI,SHIFOUNAOHENSHIGUANGXUZHI,WEIYUANLISHIGEERYIHAN?

  ZHENGXIANSHENGDELENGJINGHECHAORANZAISHIGENEIWAISHIZHONGBAOCHIYIZHI。TASHUO,ZHEI20NIANDUIYUTASHINASHENMEDOUHUANBULAIDERENSHENGJINGYAN。TANGRUOBUSHIXIAXIANGYUNONGMINSHENGHUOZAIYIQI,TAZUOWEIYIMINGZHISHIFENZIBUHUIZHIDAOZHONGGUOYOUNEIMEPINKUNDEDIFANG,BUHUILEJIERUCIPINQIONGDERENMENLIWENHUAZHISHIDUOMEYAOYUAN、GUOZHEZENYANGDESHENGHUO。YUZHONGGUONONGMINDERENRUFUZHONGXIANGBI,TASUOJINGLIDEROUTIHEJINGSHENSHANGDEKUNKUSUANBULESHENME。ERQIE,ZHEIDUANNONGCUNJINGLI,RANGTACONGCIWANGBULEZHISHIFENZIZUIZHONGYAODESHIMING——SHOUWEIHETIGAOGUOMINWENHUASUZHI。YINCI,JISHISHIZAINEIGENIANDAI,TAYEZONGNENGZHANZAIZIWOZHIWAITOUSHISHIXIANG、JILEISIBIANERBUZHUIYUBEIGUANJUEWANG。

虎扑足球  “ZHENZHENGDESHIRENZONGSHIBAZIJIDEXINLUOLUJILISHIDEFENGBAO”,ZHEISHIZHENGXIANSHENGYIPIANCHICHENGDERENSHENGGANXIANG。TASHENXIN,WEIYOUQIEFUDETIYANCAINENGRANGTASHENKEDILEJIEZHEIGEGUOJIA。TADEWUHUISHIZHENSHIDE。

虎扑足球  ZHENGYINWEIGUANQIEMINZULISHIHEMINZULIYISHENYUYIJIJINGYU,ZHENGMINXIANSHENGDEYIZAITONGKUZHONGJIAOGUANXIWANG,NENGGOUCONGZHEXUECENGMIAN——ERYUANRENZHILUN——LAILIJIEJIUYESHIPAIDELISHIMINGYUN。YEZHENGYINWEICHIMIYUXINDESIKAOHEQIUSUO,ZHENGMINXIANSHENGWUXIAZAIGAIGEKAIFANGHOUJIARUSHANGHENWENXUEQUNTIAIKUGUOWANG,XIANGFAN,TAYOURUQINGCHUNZHONGFAN,FEIBENXIANGQIAN,REQINGYONGBAOXINSHENGHUO,TOURUXINCHUANGZUO。

  1979NIAN,ZHENGMINZAIBEIJINGSHIFANDAXUEWAIYUXIKAISHEYINGMEIWENXUEHEXIFANGWENXUELILUNKECHENG,TONGNIANFABIAO《YOUNIZAIWOSHENBIAN——SHIA,WOYOUZHAODAOLENI!》。TADEDIERCIWENXUESHENGMINGZHENGSHIKAIQI。

   

虎扑足球  ZHENGMINXIANSHENGSHIFENXIHUANHAIDEGEERDEMINGYAN“SHIGEYUZHEXUESHIJINLIN”,YINWEIZHEIJUHUAQIADANGMIAOSHULETADEXINLINGLVCHENG。TAYISHENGZAIWENXUEHEZHEXUEZHIJIANZIYOUCHANGYANG,DEDAOLESHUANGXIANGZIYANG。

  ZHENGMINZAIXINANLIANDAZHUXIUXIFANGZHEXUE,ERTA1948NIANQIANWANGMEIGUOCHANGQINGTENGMENGXIAOBULANGDAXUEJIXUXUEYESHI,YOUJIANGYANJIUZHUANHUIXIFANGWENXUELINGYU,YILUNWEN《YUEHAN·DUOENDEAIQINGSHI》HUODEWENXUESHUOSHIXUEWEI。

  1985NIAN,ZHUMINGMEIJIHUARENXUEZHEYEWEILIANYAOQINGZHENGMINFUJIAZHOUDAXUESHENGDIYAGEFENXIAOYONGYINGWENJIANGSHOUZHONGGUOXIANDAISHIGE。ZHEISHIZHENGMINZI1955NIANLIUXUEGUIGUOHOUTOUHUIFANGMEI。

虎扑足球  30NIAN,JIURIDEXUESHENGYICHENGZHANGWEIJIAOSHOU,CENGJINGDEQINGNIANYILIANGBINRANSHUANG,KETADUISHIJIEDEHAOQIBINGWEISHUAIJIANBANFEN。JIANGXUEZHIYU,TAZHUAJINYIQIESHIJIANSHOUJILIULAN60NIANDAIYIHOUDEYINGMEISHIGE,QINFENYANDUZHENGZHIHUANGJINSHOUHUOQIDEDANGDAIOUMEIWENXUELILUN。

  YOUMEIYOUYIZHONGXUELIKEYISHUOQINGCHUERYUANSIWEIMOSHIDEQIYIN,JIECHUTADAILAIDEJINGU,BAHUPUZUQIUDUIYUSHIGEYISHUDERENSHI、DUIYUWENHUAXINGSHUAIDESIKAOYINXIANGGENGSHENCHU?——ZHEISHIZHENGMINXIANSHENGCONGBANSHENGKANKEZHONGMENGFADEKUNHUO,YESHITAHUIDAOSHITANHEDAXUEJIANGTANHOUYIZHICHANGSHIQIUJIEDEXUESHUWENTI。HUOXUSHIOURAN,YEKEYISHUOSHIYOUXINZHUIWENDEBIRANJIEGUO,FAGUOZHEXUEJIADELIDADEJIEGOUZHUYILUNZHUSHISHICHUXIAN,ZHAOLIANGLETADESIKAO,JIEKAILETAZHANGJIUDEMIHUO。NEIYIKEFANGFOTAZAISHILISUOXIE:

  YIZHISHOU

  DIANRANYIZHANDENG

虎扑足球  HEIANSUOXIANGJIAOLUO……(《DENG》)

   

  YALISHIDUODESHUO:“KOUYUSHIXINLINGJINGYANDEFUHAO,SHUXIESHIKOUYUDEFUHAO。”XIFANGRENZIGUXIANGXIN,RENLEIYONGSHENGYINMINGMINGSHIJIANWANWU,RANHOUFAMINGSHUXIEFUHAOBASHENGYINJILUXIALAI,YINCI,SHENGYINBISHUXIELIZHENSHIGENGJIN。ZHEIZHONGYUYINZHONGXINZHUYIXINYANG,XIFANGDEJIDUJIAOWENHUAYOUJIYULEBUCHONGHEGONGGU。YIJUJIUYUE《CHUANGSHIJI》DEJIZAI,SHANGDIYIYANCHUANGSHI,SHENYANSHIYUZHOUDEJUEDUIKAIDUAN。JIRANSHENYANSHISHENSHENGZHENLIDEZAITI,NEIME,SHUXIEMOFANGSHENGYIN,LIZHENLIYUANYICENG,ZIRANDIYIDENG。

  DAOLE20SHIJICHU,FAGUOYUYANXUEJIASUOXUERFAXIAN,YUYINHEYUYIZUCHENGYIGEWANZHENGDEYUYANFUHAO,BINGBUSHISHENMEGONGTONGBENZHIHUOZHENLISHUXINGSHILIANGZHEYIYIDUIYING、XIANGHUBANGDING;ZHENXIANGJINJINSHIRENYIYUYINDOUYUBIEBUTONG,RENYIYUYIYEYUBIEBUTONG,LIANGZHERENYIDAPEI,YUEDINGSUCHENG。YEJIUSHISHUO,YUYANSHIYIGEWANZHENGZIZUDEXITONG,QIGONGNENGYOUFUHAONEIBUYIJIFUHAOZHIJIANDECHAYIJIEGOUSUOJUEDING,TABINGFEISHENCHUANG,YEBUSUIRENDEZHUGUANYIZHIZHUANYI。

  60NIANDAI,DELIDAQUEZHICHU,WANZHENGFENGBIDEFUHAOJIEGOUBINGBUCHENGLI,YUYANYEBINGBUSHIYIGEWANZHENGZIZUDEFUHAOXITONG,YINWEIYUYINHEYUYIZHIJIANSUOWEIQUEDINGDEYIDUIYIGUANXIZHICUNZAIYUJIAXIANGZHIZHONG,YUYINYIDANFACHU,JIUHUIBUDUANZIWOFENJIE,YANSHENGCHAYI,JIANGYIYIXIANGHOUTUIYAN。SUOXUERRENWEI,YUYANXITONGZHONGDECHAYISHIJINGTAIBUBIANDE,SUOYIYIYIRUTONGSHITI,QUEDINGWUYI;DELIDAZETICHU,CHAYIZAISHIJIANZHONGSHENGSHENGBUXI,ZAIKONGJIANLIBUDUANKUOSAN,YIYIZAIZHEIGEGUOCHENGZHONGBIANHUABUXI、YONGBUDINGSI,YUYANCAICHENGQIWEIYUYAN。

  DELIDARENWEI,YUYANZHIYUANQIAQIAZAIYUXINGCHENGCHAYIDELILIANG、CHANSHENGCHAYIDEHUODONGHECHAYIBENSHEN,YUYANDEBENZHIQIAQIASHIYIYIBUQUEDINGYEBUWENDING,YEJIUSHIYIZHIBEIXIFANGRENQINGSHIDE“SHUXIE”。KOUYUHESHUXIEDEDENGJIGUANXI,ZAIDELIDAKANLAI,DAIBIAOZHEXIFANGZHEXUEFANCHOUDEPUBIANTEDIAN——YIYUANWEIZHONGXIN,JUYUZHUDAODIWEI,LINGYIYUANZAILUOJISHANGHEJIAZHISHANGCHUYUDIJIDIWEI,SHOUQIANZHEZHIPEIHEYAYI;XIFANGXINGERSHANGXUECHUANTONGDEYIYUANQUANWEIZHONGXIN、ERYUANDUILISIWEIMOSHIJIANZHUZAICIDIJISHANG。ERJIEGOUZHUYILICHANGZEYUXINGERSHANGXUEXIANGDUI:SHIKONG、WANWUYONGYUANCHUYU“SHUXIE”YEJIUSHIWUXINGDE、BUKEJIANQUEWUSHIWUCHUBUZAIDECHAYIYANSHENGYUNDONGZHONG,YIQIEZHONGXINYUNHANZHECAMOZHONGXINDELILIANG。

  JIEGOUZHUYISUIRANSHI20SHIJIDEXINSHIWU,QIGUANNIANYUANXINGKESHANGSUZHIGUXILAZHEXUEJIAHELAKELITEDELIUBIANSHUO,ZHIBUGUOXIFANGZHEXUEDUI“CUNZAI”DEXINNIANHEXINGQUYADAOYIQIE,ZHONGSHIXINGERSHANGXUECHENGWEIXIFANGZHEXUEZHUDAOTIXI。

虎扑足球  DELIDADUISUOXUERYUYANZHEXUEYIJIXIFANGZHEXUESHIDEGEMINGXINGJIEDU,CUISHENGLEJIEGOUZHUYIXUESHUO。JIEGOUSIXIANGSUIHOUKUOSANSHENTOUZHIXIFANGGERENWENXUEKE,ZAIQIFAHEYANSHENGCHUDUOZHONGGAIBIANSHIJIEDEXINLILUN,RUHOUZHIMINZHUYI、NVXINGZHUYIDENG。DANZAI80NIANDAI,XINGERSHANGXUEQUANWEISHANGCUN,JIEGOUZHUYIPOJIUBUXINZHILISUIRANCHUXIAN,RENGRANSHIYIZHONGXINXIANQIANWEIDESIXIANG,JISHIZAIOUMEI,YEYOUXIANGDANGSHULIANGDERENWENXUEZHEBUNENGYUYIZHENGSHI。LUNNIANCHI,ZHENGMINXIANSHENGBIDELIDAHAINIANZHANG10SUI。TANIANQINGSHISUOQUFADEXIFANGXIANDAIZHUYISHICHAOGAOYANG“KEGUANXING”“ZHIXING”“FEIGERENHUA”QIZHI,HECHANGBUSHICHONGBAICHAOYANYIYUANJIAZHIDEXINGERSHANGXUELUNDIAO?RANER,NIANGUO65SUIDETAYIJINGRENDEMINRUILINGHUILEJIEGOUSIXIANGDEXUESHUYIYIHEQIANZAIJIAZHI,HAOWUKUNNANDIWANCHENGLEZHISHI、GUANNIANHEZIWOYISHIDEGENGXIN。CONG80NIANDAIHOUQIKAISHI,TALUXUZAIXUESHUQIKANSHANGFABIAODUOPIANLUNWEN,JIANGJIEGOULILUNYINRUDUIDANGXIAZHONGGUOXINSHIXIEZUO、WENXUEPIPING、WENHUACHUANTONGDENGXIANSHIWENTIDETAOLUN,CHENGWEIJIEGOUZHUYIZHONGGUOZHILVDEKAITUOZHE。

   

  WENXUESHENGYALI,ZHENGMINXIANSHENGTIHUIZUISHENDE,KONGPAJIUSHIJUNIYUFEICIJIBIDEERYUANDUIKANGSIWEIMOSHIDUIXINSHICHUANGZUOHEPIPINGDEJINGUYUSHANGHAI。GAIGEKAIFANGQIAN,BAGEMINGHEYISHUKANZUOERYUANDUILIJIAZHIDEWENYIPIPINGMOSHISHIYIGELIZHENG,TADAOZHIXUDUOYOUXIUWENXUEZUOPINBEIJIANHUA、NIUQUJIEDU,ZUIZHONGBEIDARULENGGONG,YEDAOZHICHUANGZUOLINGYUJIADAKONGSHENGXING。GAIGEKAIFANGYIHOU,WENTANXINGQIDEFANCHONGGAOCHAOLIUYESHIYIGELIZHENG。SUIRANHOUZHEYUANQIYUFANSILISHI、JIAOZHENGJIANGHUAXUJIAWENFENGDEYUANWANG,DANTASHITUJIANGCHONGGAO/BEIWEI、GAOYA/DISUERYUANDENGJIZHIXUDIANDAOGUOLAI,SHIJISHANGBUGUOSHINIFANXINTAIDECHENGXIAN。CIWAI,90NIANDAIYIHOU,ZHISHIFENZIXIEZUO/KOUYUHUAXIEZUO、XUEYUANPAI/MINJIANPAIFENZHENGDIEQI,XINSHIGELIUPAIDE“CHUANGXIN”XUANYANWUBULIQIUYUMOUGEXIANGXIANGDE“LUOHOU”BIAOBAHUAQINGJIEXIAN,YISHIXIANFENG,ZAIZHENGMINXIANSHENGKANLAI,ZHEILIDEXIEZUOXINTAIRENGRANSHIZHIMANGMU,DUIWENXUECHUANGZAOLIYOUHAIERWUYI。WEICI,TAFABIAOLE《JINTIANXINSHIYINGDANGZHUIQIUSHENME?》《ZHONGGUOXINSHIBASHINIANFANSI》《SHIDAIYUSHIGECHUANGZUO》DENGYIXILIEWENZHANG,BIAOMINGTADUIWENTANXIANZHUANGDEGUANQIE,JINERCHANSHUTADEJIEGOUZHUYICHUANGZUOZHUZHANG:ZHUGUAN/KEGUAN、GEREN/QUNTI、HONGDATICAI/GERENDUBAI、LING/ROU、YA/SUBINGBUSHINISIWOHUO、DONGFENGYADAOXIFENGDEGUANXI,TAMENXIANGHUYICUN,ZAIZUOPINZHONGXIANGHUJIAORONGXIANGHUZHUANHUA;QIEDUANERZHEDELIANXIHEDUIHUA,ZEQIYIERDISHILINGYIDUAN,BISHISHIRENMUGUANGDUANQIANXINXIONGXIAAI,SHISHIGESANGSHIPINZHI。

虎扑足球  XUDUOLISHISHANGZAOYUGUOBUGONGHEYUANQUDEWENXUEZHISHIFENZI,ZAIPINGFANHOUHENRONGYITOUBENWENXUEYISHIXINGTAIDELINGYIJI——JIRANJIZUOSHICUOWUDE,NEIMEYUEWANGYOUZIRANYUEZHENGQUE;JIRANMOSHAGERENGANXINGSHIJIESHICUOWUDE,NEIME,SIRENJINGYANNAIZHIGANGUANGANSHOUZIRANGAOYUYIQIE,DAIBIAOWENXUEDETIANMING。ZHENGMINXIANSHENGQUESHIZHONGBAOCHILENGJING,BUWEINIXIANGDEQINGXUSUODONG,JIANCHIQIANGDIAO“SHIRENDEXINLINGYUSHIDAIDELIANXI”。TAZAIWENZHANGZHONGZHICHU,GUOQU,ZHENGQIHUAYIDEHONGDAZHUTIYAOQIUHECHUANGZUOXINGSHIGUIFANMOSHAGEXING、YAZHIXIANGXIANG,GURANDUIWENXUECHUANGZUOZAOCHENGLEZHIMINGDAJI,DANSHI,FANGUOLAI,TANGRUOYIXIAOXIAODEGERENTIANDIWEIWEIYICHUANGZUOHEXIN,ZUOPINYEBUKEBIMIANHUILIUYUPINGYONGHEXIAZHAI,YINWEI“LIANGZHONGXIANGFANDECUOWUXIANGHULUNTIBINGBUNENGCHANSHENGYIGEZHENGQUEDEZHILI”。

  GAIBIANERYUANDUIKANGSIWEI,DANGRANBUJINJINSHIWENXUECHUANGZUOJIDAIJIEJUEDERENWU。ZHENGMINXIANSHENGMINGJIZHEZIJIZUOWEIZHISHIFENZIDEWENHUASHIMINGHESHEHUIZEREN,ZAISANZHUANWENHUYUJIAOYUJIEHEWENHUAJIETUPOXINWENHUA/JIUWENHUA、XIANJIN/LUOHOUDENGERYUANKEBANRENZHI,BAZHONGGUORENWENJIAOYUHEWENHUAJIANSHEYINXIANGJIANKANGDAOLU。

虎扑足球  2001NIAN,ZHONGGUOZHENGSHIJIARUSHIMAOZUZHI。ZHENGMINXIANSHENGXUNSUJUECHADAOBANSUIZHEOUMEIQIANGSHIDIWEIDE“QUANQIUYITIHUA”DUIYUDIQIUDUOYUANSHENGTAIDEQINSHIHEYAZHI。ZAITAZHOUBIAN,TAFAXIAN:

  ZAIJIDAIZHONGQINGNIANGUOMINHEWENHUAJINGYINGZHONGJIAN,“CHUANTONG”ERZIYIYIWEIZHEBAOSHOULUOHOU,CHUANTONGWENHUAZAIJITIQIANYISHIZHONGDENGTONGYUXIANDAIHUADEDUILIMIAN。YIZHONGYINZAIDEMINZUWENHUAZIBEIGANHEXIFANGWENHUAZHONGXINZHUYIZHENGSUIZHEXIANDAIHUADEZHUIQIUZAIZHONGQINGNIANZHONGQIAOQIAODIMANYANZHE。(《QUANQIUHUAYUWENHUACHUANTONGDEFUXING》)

虎扑足球  ZAIZHENGXIANSHENGKANLAI,GUORENDEWENHUAZIBEIGANHEXIFANGZHONGXINZHUYI,SHIHUPUZUQIU“DUIKEXUEHEMINZHUDELIJIEZHITINGLIUZAIWUSISHIQI”、XUDUOYAOJINDERENSHISHANGMEIYOUZOUCHU“XINWENHUAYUNDONG”LISHIJIEDUANDEBIAOXIAN。(《JIAOYUYUKUAXUEKESIWEI》)HUPUZUQIUMEINENGCONG20SHIJICHUJIJINDEZIWOPIPANHEZISHENGZHONGZOUCHULAI,JINYIBUSHENHUAZIWORENSHI,GUERXIANRU“XINZHIMINZHUYI”,GUERQINGYIBEIXIFANGSHEZHIDE“XIANDAIWENMING/LUOHOUMINZU”DENGERYUANDUILIGUANNIANSUOFULU,CHENGWEIXUNFUDEXINTU:

  SUOWEIDE“XINZHIMINZHUYI”KEPAZHICHUJIUZAIYUTABUSHIRULAOZHIMINZHUYINEIYANGYIZHANLINGTUDIWEIMUBIAO,ERSHICONGJINGJILIYICHUFA,YISHANGYEWENHUAQIANYIMOHUADIGAIBIANYIGEMINZUDESHENGHUOLUNLIJIAZHIGUAN,SHITAMENYIWANGZIJIMINZUDEWENHUACHUANTONGZHIHUI,LUNWEIQIANGQUANGUODEWENHUAZHIMINDI……ERZHEIYIQIEDOUSHIZAIGUANMIANTANGHUANGDIJIEFANGLUOHOUMINZU,CIJITAMENXIANDAIWENMINGDEKOUHAOXIAJINXINGDE。(《LISHISHIKE:ZHONGHUAWENHUACHUANTONGDEFUXINGYUJIAOYUGAIGE》)

  ZHENGXIANSHENGRENWEI,HUPUZUQIUSHOUXIANBIXULIJIEBINGXIANGXIN“WENHUACHUANTONGYUXIANFENGBINGFEIERYUANDUIKANG”,CAINENGQUEBAOHUPUZUQIUMINZUZAIJINGSHENCENGMIANDEDULIXUANZE。(《DUI21SHIJIZHONGHUAWENHUAJIANSHEDEQIDAI》)TONGSHI,HUPUZUQIUBIXUWAJUEZIJIJIQIANNIANDEGULAOWENHUAZHIHUI,XIANGZHONGGUOWENHUACHUANTONGQUJING,FUYUQIFUHESHIDAIJINGSHENDEXINCHANSHI,CAINENGDIKANG“WENHUASHENMEIYUZHUIQIUSHOUDAOXIAOFEISHICHANGDEXUANCHUANCAOZONG”,ZAIXIANDAIHUAJIANSHEGUOCHENGZHONGZOUCHUYITIAOZIJIDELU。(《ZAIWUZHIFENGFUYUJINGSHENJINGJIEJIANDEPINGHENG》)

   

  JIARUJINTIANYOURENHUIGU“JIEGOUZHUYIZAIZHONGGUO”DELVXINGHEBENTUHUAFAZHAN,ZHENGMINYINGGAISHIGUANJIANDEYIGEDIAN,SHEIYERAOBUGUOQU。RANER,SHIJISHANG,TAKONGPAYOUSHIZUIRONGYIBEIXUESHUSHIZHUANJIAYIWANGDERENWU。

  TAYISHENGBUHECHAOLIU,BUTONGSHIWU。QINGNIANSHIDAI,TADUI“XIANFENGYISHU”ZHEMI,YUSHIDAIDEGEMINGZHUXUANLVCAJIANERGUO。MUNIAN,GANSHANGQUANQIUHUALANGCHAO,DANGWENTANHEXUEJIEYIZHUISUIXIFANGSHISHANGWEIRONGDESHIHOU,TAYOULVXIAN“POLENGSHUI”,JIEXIFANGZHIMAO——JIEGOUZHUYI——FANXIFANGZHONGXINZHUYI。TABUDANQIFAN,ZHUANWENCHANGDAOCONGGUDIANHANYUWENXUEHEZHONGHUACHUANTONGWENHUAXIQUXIANDAIXINGYINGYANG,CHANSHUQIDUIYUTIGAOGUOMINWENHUASUZHI、JIANGOUMINZUWENHUASHENFEN、ZHONGSHUWENHUAZIXINDEZHONGYAOYIYI,YIZHIBEIWAIGUOWENXUEPIPINGJIETONGXINGJIWEI“XINBAOSHOUZHUYIZHE”。

虎扑足球  DANGRAN,ZHEIGEWAIHAOZHENGMINXIANSHENGZHIZHIYIXIAO,BINGBUZAIHU。CONG70NIANDAIMOHUIDAOGONGZUOGANGWEIQI,TAZHUANXINJIAOXUE、YANJIUHEXIEZUO,YIZHIYUXUEKEQUANLI、XUESHUMINGLIBAOCHILIMAODEJULI。80NIANDAI,TABEISHOUYU“JIUYESHIREN”GUIGUAN,MINGQIBAOZHANG。JINJIEZHE,TADEJIEGOUYANJIUHEWENHUAPIPINGWENZHANGYINFAJUDAFANXIANG,ZAIWENYILILUNJIESHENGMINGQUEQI。DANTASHIZHONGXIGUANDULAIDUWANG,JIBUCANYUKETIJINGFEIDEJIAOZHU,YEBUMOUQIUXUESHUZUZHIHUOXUESHUQUANDERENKE。DUICI,RENMENCHANGCHANGSHUOTAQINGGAOAOSHI。QISHI,TAJINJINSHIJUEDESHIJIANBAOGUI,BURONGWUXUHELANGFEI。

  BULANGFEISHIJIANKONGTAN,JISHIZHENGMINXIANSHENGBUMINGYANDEXUESHUZHUNZE,YESHITADEJIAOXUEZHUNZE。1986NIAN,TAKAISHIZAIBEIJINGSHIFANDAXUEWAIYUXIZHIDAOBOSHIYANJIUSHENG。CONGNEISHIZHIJIN,TAYUXUESHENGYIZHIBAOCHIZHEZUICHUNCUIDEXUESHUJIAOLIUGUANXI。

虎扑足球  TAFANGFOLIXINGDEHUASHEN。ZHIDAOLUNWENDESHIHOU,TASIWEIMINJIE,LUOJIYANMI。TADELIANHUANFANWENSHASHANGLIQIANGDA,CHANGCHANGJIANGZHUNBEIBUZUDEXUESHENGBIRUJUEJINGERPOSHITABUDEBUJIABEIYONGGONG。SHANGKE,KEXIAJIAOLIU,TAJIHUBUTANZIJIDESISHI,YEBUZENMEGUOWENDIZIMENDESISHENGHUO。TACONGBUCHENNIYUGERENGUOWANGDEDESHIERGANHUAINIANJIU,HAOXIANGMEIYOUNIANNIANBUWANGDEDEYIGONGJI,YEMEIYOUGENGGENGYUHUAIDEAICHOUYUANHEN。TADEXINGQUHEHUAXIAZIZONGSHIMIANDUIDANGXIADEGONGGONGLINGYU,HUATIKEYISHIRENYIYITIAOYUEDUGANSHOU、XUESHUSUIXIANG、SHISHIXINWEN、GUOJISHIJIAN,YEKEYISHIYOUCIYANSHENKAIDEHONGGUANLUNTI——WENXUE、YISHU、WENHUA、JIAOYU、MINZUSUZHI、GUOJIADAOLU。TAOLUNDESHIHOU,TAZONGSHIKAILANG、YUKUAIDE,SHIERTAOTAOBUJUE,SHIERCHONGMANHAOQIHEQIDAIDITANJIUNIANQINGRENDEXIANGFA、YUXUESHENGPINGDENGDIBIANLUN。

  TAYONGYUANPINGHE、KAIFANG,SHENSHANGMEIYOULAORENDEMUQIZHUANDUAN,MEIYOUWOCHIGUODEYANBINICHIGUODEMIDUOWOSHENMEDOUDONG,MEIYOUGUOQUDESHIGUANGDUOMEMEIHAOCENGJINGDESHIJIEDUOMEWANMEIKEXINIMENMEIGANSHANG,MEIYOUYINIANBURUYINIANYIDAIBURUYIDAIWOLAOLEMEIGUANXINIMENWEILAIZENMEBAN……TAZONGSHIDUIMEIGEXINRIZIMEIGEXINXIANXIANGGANJUEXINXIAN,KEWANGQIUSUOXINZHI。DUIYUTADEXUESHENGMEN,ZHEIXIEZHENGSHITAZUIJUGANZHAOLIHEMEILIZHICHU,YESHITAYINGXIANGZUIDAERRANGRENHUNRANBUJUEDEDONGXI。

虎扑足球  ZHENGMINXIANSHENGZHIDAOBOSHISHENG17NIAN。ZAITADECHUIFANXIA,SHISHENGTONGCHUANGZHIJIANMEIYOUJIYULIYIDEWANGLAI,MEIYOUXIANGHUGUANZHAO、YITIGONGRONGDESIJIAO。CHULEOUERXIANGYUEJIAOLIUYIXIAXUESHUXINGQU,DUOSHUSHIJIAN,DAJIABICIXIANGWANGYUJIANGHU。XIANGJUYEHAO,XIANGWANGYEBA,ZHENGXIANSHENGJUNSHIWEIZIRAN。ZHENGXIANSHENGZAISANMINGQUEBIAOSHI,TABUHUANYINGXUESHENGWUSHIDENGMENQINGAN。TAZONGSHISHUO:“FENGNIANGUOJIE,LAIWANGYINGCHOU,SHUOXIEWUGUANTONGYANGDEHUA,ZUIMEIYISILE;NIYAOLAI,JIUDAIZHEWENTILAI,HUPUZUQIUYIQITAOLUN。”ZHENGYINWEIRUCI,SHUSHIZAISHISHENGQINGSHENTOURULINGHUNSHENCHU,GERENQUEYIRANSHIBICIZUNJINGDEGETI,MEIYOUXINGCHENGSUOWEI“SHIMEN”。

  CONGSHISUDEYANGUANGKAN,ZHENGMINXIANSHENGZHEIXIEZUOPAISIHUGUOYUYANSU,YOUDIANBUJINRENQING。KESHI,ZHIYAOKAOJINTADEXINLING,NIJIUNENGGANSHOUTADEWENROUHEQINGQU,BEITAXIYIN。TADEKETINGQIANGSHANG,GUAZHEDANYADESHUICAIHUAHESUMIAO。TADEJIAJULAOJIUPOSUERZHENGJIE,CHUJUHETAIMIANSHANGZONGYOUPENGYOUSONGLAIHUOZIJIZHONGZHIDEXIANHUAJINGJINGSHENGFANG。KERENDAOLAI,CHAJISHANGYONGYUANTIQIANBEIHAOLEXIANGMING、BEIDIEHEGESEXIAODIANXIN,XUESHENGLAISHANGKEYESHIRUCI,YINCI,WULUNFANGKEJINMENQIANDUOMETANTE,ZUOXIADEYIKEBIANFANGSONGLE。

虎扑足球  BUGUANSHIDIANHUALIHAISHIMIANDUIMIAN,TASHENGYINROUHE、TIANMEI,ZIZIQINGXI,YUJUYONGYUANZIRANLIUCHANG、CONGRONGBUPO,YOUSHISHUOZHESHUOZHEZIJIXIANXIAOQILAI,XIAOSHENGDAIZHEYIGUANDEZIXINHEGUODUAN。TADESHENGYINWENROUERYOULI,FANGFOZHIHUIHEYIZHISHENTOUYUMEIGEYUCI,RANGRENZIRANERRANGANSHOUDAOFENLIANG。

  TAREAIGUDIANYINLE,LIUXUEMEIGUOQIJIANCENGJINGGENSUILAOSHIXUEXISANNIANSHENGLE。BUGUO,TACONGLAIBUXIANBAIZHEIDUANLISHI,BUZAIZHEIGEHUATISHANGGAOTANKUOLUN。YINLEQISHI,TAHESHANGYANLIANJINGJINGLINGTING。GUOHOU,HUOXUHETONGBANJIANDUANDIJIAOTANYILIANGJU,NIKEYICONGTALIANSHANGKANCHUYOUYUANDESHENSIHEXINHUNDECHENJIN。

  ZHENGMINXIANSHENGZAI《BEIDUOFENDEXUNZHAO》YISHIZHONGXIEDAO:

  YONGSHENMENENGYONGBAOYIWANRENMEN?/SHENCHUDUONAOHEDESHOUBEI/DIANRANBEIDOUDEYANJING/YONGXIANGHAIBANGYIYANGKAIHEDEJIANYINGDEZUICHUN/SHENSUTADUIRENMENDEAI,DUIHEIANDEHEN……

  ZHENGXIANSHENGHEBEIDUOFENYIYANG,AIZHIHUI,AIZHENLI,AIREN。TABAAIXIEZAISHIGEZHONG,LUNWENZHONG,ZHENGRUBEIDUOFENBATADEAIXIEZAIJIAOXIANGQUZHONG,ERLONGYEZUDANGBUZHU。ZHEIJIUSHIHUPUZUQIUZAIBAISUISHIRENZHENGMINDERENSHENGRILIZHONGZHAODAODEGUANG。

  (作者:萧莎,系中国社会科学院外国文学研究所副研究员) 

ZERENBIANJI:WANGNING

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