虎扑足球

中文
经典敞开解释 解释反哺经典
2021-11-10 来源:《中国社会科学报》2020年11月10日第2044期 作者:罗启权
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虎扑足球  GULAIGUXIAO《ZHUANGZI》ZHEZHONG、JIESHIZHIZUOXIAN,JIESHIERNENGZICHENGYIJIAZHIYANZHEGENGSHIQUZHIKESHU。JINSHIWURENBUKEJIANGZHUANG,ZHIZHUANGZHISHUOYURIJUZENG。《NEISHENGWAIWANG:GUOZIXUANWANGCHUANSHANZHANGTAIYANSANJIAZHUANGZIXUEKANHUI》(LIZHIFUZHU,ZHONGGUOSHEHUIKEXUECHUBANSHE2019NIAN7YUEBAN)JIANGKUAYUEGUJINDESANZHONGZHUANGXUEQUANSHIXUEJINXINGZONGHEBIJIAOYANJIU。

  以内圣外王为关钥

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虎扑足球  CONGSHUMINGKEYIDEZHI,GAISHUSHIGEANYANJIUYUGUANNIANSHI、XUESHUSHIYANJIUDEZONGHE,ZUOZHECHENGZHIWEI“FUDIAOYANJIU”。TAJINENGWEIRAOZHONGYAOGUANNIANZHANXIANSANJIAZHESIDEXUEMAIGENGU,YOUKEJISANJIAZHUANGXUEZHICHUANGGOU,YIHUJIANTONGYI、XIANGDEYIZHANG。WEIHEXUANCISANJIAERFEIBIEJIA,WEIHEXUANMOUGEHEXINSHUYU(“NEISHENGWAIWANG”)ERFEIMIANMIANJUDAO,XIANRANBUSHIXINGZHISUOZHI、SUIYICHANFA。SHIJISHANG,“XUANZE”“CHANSHU”YU“BIKAN”,WUBUJINGGUOZUOZHEDESHENJIAN。

  历史境域与哲学回应辩证统一

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  ZHEXUESIBIAN、LILUNTUIYANFUYUYANJIUDESHENKEXING,ERLISHIDEYANGUANGSHIYANJIUCHONGMANHOUZHONGGAN。ZUOZHERENWEIZHUANGZIWEILUANSHIZHEREN,SANJIAZHIZHUANGXUEZEWEILUANSHIZHUANGXUE,JIEYOUYINYINGYUSUOCHUSHIDAIZHE。WEIMIBUZHULINMINGSHIHEYUANKANGMINGSHIJIANGZIRAN、MINGJIAOFENWEILIANGJIE,BUNENGYOUYONGYUJIAGUOSHEJIDEGUOSHI,GUOXIANGYIZHONGGUOCHUANTONGBUZHENGZIMINGDETIANDAOGUANWEIZHICHENG,TICHU“XINGFEN”ZHISHUO,QIHEDANGXIAJINGYUYUZIWOZHINEIZAIXINGFEN,SHIDEMINGJIAOYOUZIRANBENTILUNZHIJI,CONGERZAIKENDINGYOUJUNDEQIANTIXIA,RENRENKEYIYOUWAIMINGNEI,SHIXIANNEISHENGYUWAIWANG、MINGJIAOYUZIRANDEHEYI。

  YIMINGWANGWEIJIEDIAN,WANGCHUANSHANYOU“PIZHUANG”ZHUANXIANG“TONG”“JIE”ZHUANGZI,CIZHONGBUJINBAOHANYI“ZHUANGSHENGZHISHU” QIMIANYU“YIZHIGOUZHONG”,PAIQIANKUCHOUDEQINGZHI;ERQIECHENGZAIZHETAYAOLIYUCHUNRUZHILICHANG,JIANGZHUANGZIZHIDAOTONGXIANG“JUNZIZHIDAO”DEKUXINGUYI。HUANYANZHI,WANGCHUANSHANYAOYONG“TIANRENZHIXUE”GAIZAOZHUANGZI“NEISHENGWAIWANG”ZHIDAO,YICIZHENGJIUWANMINGMINGSHIZHITUIFENG、KUANGZHENGZIYIWEI“BUXIANGSHE”DESHUAISHIZHIDAO。ZHANGTAIYANZHIZUNZHUANGTONGYANGGUOCHENGQUZHE,QISIXIANGCONG“ZHUANSUCHENGZHEN”DAO“HUIZHENXIANGSU”,ZHUANGXUEWEIDINGFENG。“SANQIANNIANWEIYOUZHIBIANJU”ZHIJINSHINEIYOUWAIKUN,GUONEIGAILIANGZHUYI、XIFANGJINDAIQIMENGSIXIANG,JUNCHENGWEIZHANGTAIYANSIXIANGBUDEBUMIANXIANGDEDUIXIANG。YOUSHIYUCI,TAJIRENWEISHIXUEWEIKEXUE,YIFOXUEJIEZHUANG,YOUYIZHUANGXUEBUFOXUE“WAIWANG”ZHIBUZU;TONGSHIYONG“RENGEZIZHUZHIWEIWANG,ZHIWULIUAIRANHOUSHENG”WEIQIMENGLIFA,ZHILIYUXIAOJIEQIMENGYILAIZHUTIXINGGUOYUPENGZHANGZHIBUZU。

  经典解释用于创构榫接卯和

虎扑足球  JIESHIXUEDEFANGFAKEFENWEILIANGZHONG:YISHITANXUNSANJIACHUANGGOUZHIFA,ERSHIDUICHUANGGOUBENSHENJINXINGJIESHIXUEDESHENSHI。HEZHONGJIESHICAISHICHUANGGOU?HUOZHESHUOCHUANGGOUHEYIKENENG?ZUOZHEYUNYONGLIANGGE“FANGBIANFAMEN”JIANBIE。DIYI,JIESHIZHISIXIANGSHIFOUZHIHUANLEJINGDIANYUANYIDEZHONGJISHITI;DIER,JIESHIZHISIXIANGYUJINGDIANYUANYIDEXIANSHIGUANHUAIYOUWUMINGXIANCHAYI。《ZHUANGZI》DEZHONGJISHITISHI“DAO”,GUOXIANGDEXINGFENXUESHUOQUXIAOLEBENTI;WANGCHUANSHAN“YIQISHEDAO,CHUDAOGUIQI”,“QI”WEIQIZHUANGXUEZHONGJISHITI;ERZAIZHANGTAIYANCHUZEWEIALAIYESHI(XIN)。KEJIANZAIZHONGJISHITISHANG,SANJIAYUZHUANGXUEJIERANBUTONG。BUJINRUCI,CHENGRUSHANGWENSUOSHUO,SANJIADUIXIANSHISHIJIEDELIJIEYUJIESHIYOUBIEYUZHUANGZI,TAMENJIESHIZHUANGYIGOUXIANGYINGRANSHIJIEYIZIXUANSHU。

虎扑足球  JINYIBUSIKAO,SANJIAWEIHEZOUXIANGCHUANGGOU?DUIYUCHUANGGOUDEPANSHI,“BUNENGZHISUZHUYUWENBENDEYUYIERBIXUSHENRUDAOYILIDECENGMIANLAILILUN”。JIESHIXUEJIJINGDIANJIESHIDAILAIDEZHONGYAOQISHIZHIYIJIWEI:YOUYUJIESHIZHEBUKEBIMIANDIYOUCONGJIAOHUA、XISUZHONGXISIERLAIDEYONGYULIJIEHEJIESHIDE“QIANJIEGOU”,NEIGEJINGZHIBUDONG、JUEDUIKEGUANDEWENBENYUANYIJIUBUKENENGHUODE。DANSHIZHENGRUJIADAMOERSUOSHUO,“DUIHUADEBIANZHENGFA”FANDUIRENYIDIJIEDUWENBEN,FANDUIXIANGDUIZHUYIHEXUWUZHUYI,ZHENZHENGDESHIYURONGHEYINGSHIJIESHIZHEBUDUANQIANGHUAWENBENLUNDUANYIJIANYANZIJIDELUNDUAN,RONGRUZIJIDESHIYUQUZHONGJIANWENTI,SHIWENBENZHONGWEISHUOCHU、KENENGDEDAANXIANLUCHULAI。LIKESHENZHIRENWEI,JIESHIZHEKEYIXUANZHIWENBEN,ZHIGENJUWENBENDENEIZAIGUANXIHEJIEGOUQUSHUOMINGWENBENHANYI。TASHIKETONGGUOZUOWEIYIZHONGFANSIZHEXUE、PIPANZHUTIZHEXUEDEJIESHIHEZHANYOU,YANZHEYOUWENBENDAKAIDESIXIANGZHIJING,CHAOZHEWENBENDEFANGXIANGZOUXIANGYIYI,DANSHI“YIYISHUODAODIBUHUIYUHANYIJUEBUXIANGGAN”(LIKE)。HUANYANZHI,WENBENJUEDUIKEGUANDEYUANYIBUCUNZAI,DANWENBENJIYIXIANGJIESHIZHEXIANXIANQIKENENGDEYUANYI,JIESHIZHEBIANYOUKENENGHUIZHIYUXINERFUZHIYANSHUO、XINGZHUBIMO。SANJIAJUNTONGCHIQIANRENJIEZHUANGPIANLIZHUANGZIYUANYI,ZIBIZHUANGZIZHIYIN,XIWANGHAIYUANZHUANGZIBENLAIMIANMU,DANMEIYOUZIJUEDAOZAI“JIMINGZHUANGSHENG”YU“GAIZHUZHUANGSHENG”DELIANGNANZHONG,JINGDIANZHUANERBIANCHENGDUIJIESHIZHIJIESHI,SANJIADOU“YIZHUIQIUKEGUANJIESHIJINGDIANKAISHI,YIZAOCHENGBEILIJINGDIANBENYIERZHONGJIE”。ZUOZHERENWEI,DUIJINGENYUJINGDIANZHIHOUYIBUYIQU、ZHISHIBAJIESHIDECUOWUJIANGDIDAOZUIDIXIANDUDEYINYUNXUNGU,MEIYOUBIYAOFANSIQIJIEJINGFANGFA,JIESHIXUEDEFANSIYONGYUCHUANGGOUCAISHISUNJIEMAOHE,YEZHIYOUKEYIZILIWEIJINGDIANDEJIESHI,CAINENGYINZHENGYUFANBUJINGDIANDEWEIDA,CIJIJINGDIANZHIYUCHUANGGOU、CHUANGGOUZHIYUJINGDIANDEZHONGYAOYIYI。

虎扑足球  SHUNCIKEZHIGAISHUDUIZHUANGXUEYANJIUNAIZHIZHONGGUOZHEXUEYANJIUKENENGDETUIJINZHIGONG。BIZHERENWEI,DIYI,QUANSHUTIAOFENLVXILESANJIABENTILUN、RENSHENGZHEXUEYUZHENGZHIZHEXUEJIQINEIZAILIANXI。DIER,YI“NEISHENGWAIWANG”WEISANJIAZHUANGXUEZHIHUIGUI,YOUCIJIAGOU、HUITONGHEBIKANSANJIASIXIANG,ZHEIJIUYUYIBANDEZHUANGXUESHIHUOZHE“DIANRENTOU”SHIDEYANJIUBUTONG,YINJUYOUNEIZAISHENKEDENINGJULI,ERBIRANKEBEIGOUCHENSUOYIN,ZHANLUJINGDIANDEZHANGLI。DISAN,ZAIJIESHIXUESHIYUXIASHENGSHISANJIACHUANGGOU,SHULICHUSANJIACHUANGGOUJINGDIANDEZHUYAOFANGSHI,BINGDUIJIESHIYUJINGDIAN、CHUANGGOUYUJINGDIAN、JIESHIYUJIESHIDENGGUANXIYOUBIECHUXINCAIDEKANFA。ZHONGGUOZHEXUEYANJIUBUNENGSHOUXIANYUJIADAMOERSHIDEBENTILUNQUANSHIXUE,WEI“ZIJUEDEFANGFAYISHIHEYANSUDEXUESHUZHUIQIU”ZHIGU,“HUPUZUQIUYINGGAICHENGRENFANGFALUNQUANSHIXUERENGYOUQIDIWEIHEJIAZHI”(LIUXIAOGAN)。SHISHISHANG,LIKEDUIXIFANGJIESHIXUEDEDISANCIZHUANXIANG,JICUNZAILUNYURENSHILUN、FANGFALUNXIANGJIEHE,YIRANZUOLEJINYIBUFAZHAN,TAJIESHICHU“YIQIEJUTIDEYANJIUDOUTONGXIANGCUNZAILUN,ERZOUXIANGJUTIDEYANJIU,YEJIUSHIZOUXIANGJUTIDECUNZAILUN”(HEWEIPING)。ZUOZHEDESHENGSHI,ZHIZAIDAOBIJIESHIXUEFANGFALUNZHICHENGZHANG,ZHIYOUZHEIYANGCAIYOUKENENGZAIGENGGAOCENGMIANHUIXIANGJIESHIXUEBENTILUNYANJIU。

  ZHEXUESIBIANHELILUNTUIYANKEYISHENZHIYIXUEZHISUORAN,LISHIDEYANGUANGZEDAKAI“ZHIQISUOYIRAN”DEKENENGXING。LIANGXIANGYINGZHAO,LILUNBUZAITINGLIUYUPINGMIAN,ERZOUXIANGLISHIDEZONGSHENMIAN;LISHIYEBUZAICANGBAI,ZHANKAIQIFENGHOUYIYI,RUCIFANGKEDAZHILILUNDEBOAOYUTONGQINGDELIJIE。ZHIYOUZIJUEDEFUDIAOQUANSHICAINENGDAZHISHENDUQUANSHI,ZHONGGUOZHEXUEDEFANBENKAIXIN,XUYAOSIXIANGSHIYUZHEXUESHIDEJIAOXIANGYINZHENG、JINGDIANJIESHIYUJIESHIXUEZIJUEDEJIAOXIANGHUBU。

  (作者单位:中国社会科学院哲学研究所)

ZERENBIANJI:ZHANGJING

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