虎扑足球

中文
中国考古学的特色、风格与气派
2019-11-09 来源:虎扑足球 作者: 何驽
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  考古学的中国特色

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  ZHONGGUOYOUZHEYOUJIUDELISHI,YOU5000DUONIANDEWENMINGSHI,YOUZHEHAORUYANHAIDELISHIWENXIANHELISHICHUANSHUO。《XIJINPINGZHIZHONGGUOSHEHUIKEXUEYUANZHONGGUOLISHIYANJIUYUANCHENGLIDEHEXIN》ZHONGTICHULISHIXUEYUKAOGUXUEXUYAORONGHEFAZHAN,JUEDINGLEZHONGGUOTESEKAOGUXUEXUEKETIXISHILISHIXUEDEKAOGUXUE,ZHEIFUHEZHONGGUODEGUOQING。HUPUZUQIURENWEI,RENLEIDEYIQIEGUOWANGDOUSHILISHI,YINERLISHIXUEDEKAOGUXUEBAOKUOSHIQIANSHIQI、YUANSHISHIQI(Proto-historic)HELISHISHIQIDEKAOGUXUEYANJIU。DUIYINGZHONGGUOKAOGUXUEXUEKETIXI,JIUSHISHIQIANKAOGU、XIASHANGZHOUKAOGU、QINHANZHIMINGQINGKAOGU,KEJIKAOGUHEWENHUAYICHANBAOHUZEYUGEJIEDUANDEKAOGUJINMIJIEHE。YANJIUKAOGUXUEZHEIYIXUEKEDEZHUYAOMUDESHITANSUOHEGOUJIANZHONGHUAMINZUSHI,ZHANSHIZHONGHUAWENMINGGUIBAO,YANJIUZHONGGUOZHEIGETONGYIDUOMINZUGUOJIAXINGCHENGDEGUOCHENG,JIESHIZHONGHUAWENMINGSHENGSHENGBUXIDEWENHUAJIYIN。

  CONGXUESHUTIXIJIAODUKAN,ZHONGGUOKAOGUXUEYOUYIXIASIDATESE。DIYI,YIBIANZHENGWEIWUZHUYIHELISHIWEIWUZHUYIWEIRENSHILUNZHIDAOZHONGGUOKAOGUXUEYANJIU。ZHEIDUIYUCHUANGJIANZHONGGUOTESEDESHEHUIKAOGULILUNHEJINGSHENWENHUAKAOGULILUNZUOYONGYOUWEIZHONGDA。BIRU,ANZHAOJINGJIJICHUJUEDINGSHANGCENGJIANZHUDEYUANLI,HUPUZUQIUKEYIFENXICHUSHIQIANZHANGJIANGLIUYUYISHANGPINJINGJIWEIJINGJIJICHUJIANLIDEYISHENQUANWEIZHU、WANGQUANHEJUNQUANWEIFUDEZHENGZHITIZHI,DAIYOUYIDINGDEMINZHUXING。ERHUANGHEZHONGYOUDIQUYIZIRANXIAONONGJINGJIWEIJINGJIJICHUJIANLIDEYIWANGQUANHEJUNQUANWEIZHU、SHENQUANWEIFUDEZHENGZHITIZHI,DAIYOUJIQUANXING。BUTONGDEJINGJIJICHUJUEDINGLEBUTONGDEZHENGZHITIZHIHEWENMINGHUAMOSHI。DIER,LISHIKAOGUXUEFANGFALUN。KAOGUXUE、WENXIANSHIXUE、RENLEIXUESANGUZILIAOZHENGHENINGCHENGDEZHENGJULIANSHENG,SUOYOUDEZHIXIANGXINGQUYUTONGYIGESHISHI,CHONGFENTIXIANCHURONGHEFAZHAN,CHUANGXINCHUXINDEFANGFALUN。QIZHONG,KAOGUXUEBAOKUOKEJIKAOGU,WENXIANSHIXUEBAOKUOCHUANSHIWENXIAN、DIXIACHUTUWENXIAN、SHENHUACHUANSHUODENG,RENLEIXUEZILIAOBAOKUOMINZUZHI、FANGYAN、FANGZHI、MINSU、MINJIANCHUANSHUODENG。DISAN,LIZUZHONGGUO,FANGYANSHIJIE。ZHONGGUOKAOGUXUEJIBUSHIGUOJIZHUYIDEKAOGUXUE,YEBUSHIXIFANGXUEZHEWURENWEIDECHUNCUIMINZUZHUYIDEKAOGUXUE,ERSHIYI“MINZUDEJISHISHIJIEDE”BIANZHENGFA,ZHENGQUECHULIZHONGGUOKAOGUXUEZHONGBENTUYUSHIJIEDEGUANXI。DISI,KAOGUYUWENHUAYICHANBAOHUHELIYONGYOUJIJIEHE,KAOGUCHENGGUOZHUANHUAWEIGUANGDARENMINQUNZHONGXIANGSHOUDEWENHUACHANPIN,MANZUGUANGDARENMINJINGSHENWENHUAXUYAO,DIANDINGKAOGUJIEDUYUANTOUJICHU。

  考古学的中国风格

  SUOWEI“FENGGE”YICI,YUANBENSHUYUYISHUXUEFANCHOU,ZHUYAOZHIYISHUBIAODADETESEFANGSHI。HUPUZUQIULIJIEZHONGGUOKAOGUXUEDEFENGGE,SHIZHI“ZHONGGUOKAOGUXUEHUAYUTIXI”DETESE。

  QIANWENTIDAODEZHONGGUOKAOGUXUEXUESHUTIXISIDATESE,JUEDINGLEBIAODACENGMIANSHANGDEHUAYUTIXITESE。DIYI,ZHONGGUOKAOGUXUEDEHUAYUTIXISHIBIANZHENGWEIWUZHUYIHELISHIWEIWUZHUYIDEHUAYUTIXI。DIER,ZHONGGUOKAOGUXUEDEHUAYUTIXISHILISHIKAOGUDEHUAYUTIXI,BIRANDAIYOU“SHILIAOXUEQINGXIANG”,ZHEIBINGFEIZHONGGUOKAOGUXUEDE“XIANTIANBUZU”,ERSHIQITEDIAN。DISAN,ZHONGGUOKAOGUXUEDEHUAYUTIXISHI“RENLEIMINGYUNGONGTONGTIDEHUAYUTIXI”,JIANGZHONGGUOLISHIKAOGUDEHUAYUTIXITONGSHIJIELISHIKAOGUHUAYUTIXIYOUJIDIBIANZHIWEIYITI,BINGFAHUIZHUXUANLVZHONGYAOZUOYONG,LITUBIAODASHIJIEDUOYANGXINGWENMINGYULISHIDEHUDONG、HURONG、HUJIANHEHULI。BIRU,LIANGZHUYIZHIBUJINXIANGSHIJIEZHENGMINGLEZHONGHUA5000DUONIANDEWENMINGSHI,GENGSHIYIZHONGGUOKAOGUHUAYUTIXIWEISHIJIETIGONGLEWENMING、GUOJIASHEHUIDEDONGYABIAOZHUNHEFANSHI,JIDADITUIJINLESHIJIEWENMINGLILUNDESHENHUA。DISI,ZHONGGUOKAOGUXUEDEHUAYUTIXISHIKAOGUXUEYUWENHUAYICHANBAOHUHELIYONGXIANGRONGHEDEHUAYUTIXI。KAOGUXUEFAJUEYUYANJIUCHENGGUO,BAOKUOKAOGUFAJUEBAOGAOHEKAOGUYANJIULUNZHU,JIANGGENGDUODIZHUANHUACHENGWENHUAYICHANBAOHUHEWENHUACHANYELIYONGDEQUANSHIHUAYUTIXI,BIAOXIANWEIGEGEWENHUAYICHANBAOHUGUIHUA、FANGAN、WENHUAIPDENG,DOUJIANGCHENGWEIZHONGGUOKAOGUXUEHUAYUTIXIDEXINXINGSHIYUXINFENGGE。

  考古学的中国气派

  SHISHIQIUSHIDIJIANG,YIWANGZHONGGUOKAOGUXUEJIEDUIYUKAOGUXUEDEZHONGGUOQIPAISIKAOBUDUO,CUNZAIJIAODUODEMIHUOZHICHU。XIJINPINGZONGSHUJITICHU“ZHONGGUOQIPAIDEKAOGUXUE”,YINFAHUPUZUQIUSHENSI: KAOGUXUEDEZHONGGUOQIPAIJIUJINGSHISHENME?

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虎扑足球  ZHONGGUOKAOGUYINLIZUZHONGGUOTUIDONGSHIJIEWENMINGLISHIDETANSUOERLIYIGAOYUAN,YINTANSUORENLEIMINGYUNGONGTONGTIXINGCHENGYUFAZHANDEGUILVERBODAJINGSHEN。JICHENGCHUANGXIN,JIUSHIJICHENGGUONEIWAIXIANGGUANLILUN,SHIZHONGGUOKAOGUXUELILUNBUDUANWANSHAN、DIEDAIYUCHUANGXIN。YOURONGNAIDA,JIUSHIBINGQIMENHUZHIJIAN,JIANSHOUBINGXUGUONEIWAIYOUXIUDEKAOGUXUELILUN、FANGFAYUGUANDIANSHENZHISHIJIAO,JIANG“RENLEIMINGYUNGONGTONGTI”LISHIYUGUILVDEKAOGUTANSUOZUODAZUOQIANG。

  ZHONGGUOKAOGUZHIYOUJUYOURUCITESE、FENGGEHEQIPAI,CAINENGTONGZHONGGUOZUOWEIKAOGUDAGUOHEKAOGUQIANGGUODEDIWEIXIANGCHENG,ZHONGGUOKAOGUXUEJINHOUDEFAZHANCAIHUIYOUZHENGQUEDEFANGXIANG,ZHONGGUOKAOGUXUEJIABIANYOULEKEYANTANSUOXINGDONGDEZHINANZHEN。

  (作者单位: 中国社会科学院考古研究所)

ZERENBIANJI: WANGNING

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