虎扑足球

中文
北庭故城遗址考古新进展
2019-11-27 来源:虎扑足球 作者: 郭物
分享到:

  BEITINGGUCHENGYIZHIWEIYUXINJIANGJIMUSAERXIANCHENGBEIPIANDONG12GONGLICHU,NANZHENTIANSHAN、BEIWANGCAOYUAN,HEXINQUYUZHANDI1.5PINGFANGGONGLI。QIWAICHENGNANBEIZHANGYUE1.5GONGLI,DONGXIKUANYUE1GONGLI,DATIFENNEIWAILIANGZHONGCHENG。NEIWAICHENGQIANGJUNYOUHUCHENGHE、MAMIAN、DITAIHEJIAOLOU。

  定位与进展

虎扑足球  BEITINGGUCHENGSHIMUQIANTIANSHANBEILUZUIDA、BAOCUNZUIWEIWANZHENGDEYICHUGUDAICHENGSHIYIZHI。XIANHOUWEITANGDAITINGZHOUHEBEITINGDOUHUFU(YIXIBEITINGJIEDU)、GAOCHANGHUIGUXIADOU、YUANDAIDOUYUANSHUAIFUHEBIESHIBALIXUANWEISIZHUDI,SHITANGZHISONGYUANSHIQITIANSHANBEILUZHENGZHI、JUNSHIHEWENHUAZHONGXIN。ZHEILIYESHISICHOUZHILUBEIDAOBIJINGZHIDI,DUIGUDAIXIYUDEFANRONGWENDINGYIJISICHOUZHILUDECHANGTONGJUYOUZHONGYAOYIYI。ZONGZHI,YIBEITINGWEIHEXINDECHENGZHENTIXISHISICHOUZHILUSHANGYIGELIANJIEDONGFANGYUXIFANG、CAOYUANYULVZHOUDEZHONGYAOJIEDIANHESHUNIU,SHIZHANSHIZHONGHUAWENMINGCANLANCHENGJIU,ZHANSHIZHONGHUAWENMINGDUISHIJIEWENMINGZHONGDAGONGXIANDEZHENGUIDEWENHUAYICHAN。

  BEITINGGUCHENGYIZHIQIJINYIHUODEZHONGGUOWENHUAYICHANZUIZHONGYAODESANDINGGUIGUAN: 1988NIANCHENGWEIQUANGUOZHONGDIANWENWUBAOHUDANWEI;2013NIAN12YUEBEILIEWEIGUOJIAKAOGUYIZHIGONGYUAN,SHIXINJIANGDIQUSHOUGEGUOJIAKAOGUYIZHIGONGYUAN;2014NIAN6YUEZUOWEITIANSHANYIBEIWEIYIDEYICHANDI,BEILIERU“SICHOUZHILU: QISHIDUANJITIANSHANLANGDAODELUWANG”DESHIJIEWENHUAYICHANMINGLU。

  2016NIANYILAI,ZAIGUOJIAWENWUJUHEXINJIANGWENWUJUDEGUANXINHEZHICHIXIA,BEITINGGUCHENGYIZHIDEKAOGUGONGZUOJINRULEXINJIEDUAN。GONGZUORENYUANYANGEANZHAOCHENGSHIKAOGUDEJINGYANHELINIANLAIGUIHUAHETUIJINXIANGGUANGONGZUO,CONGCHENGMEN、JIEDAOHESHUIDAODENGCHENGSHIKUANGJIAXINGJIEDIANRUSHOU,PUBIANKANTANHEZHONGDIANFAJUEXIANGJIEHE,TANGOUJIEPOUHEQUANMIANBUFANGFAJUEXIANGPEIHE,DIANMIANJIEHE,CENGCENGTUIJIN。

  发现与认识

虎扑足球  2016NIAN、2018—2020NIAN,ZHONGGUOSHEHUIKEXUEYUANKAOGUYANJIUSUOLIANHEXINJIANGWENWUKAOGUYANJIUSUO、JIMUSAERXIANWENHUAYULVYOUJU(YUANJIMUSAERXIANWENWUJU)、BEITINGXUEYANJIUYUAN,JINGGUOSINIAN、JINWANPINGFANGMIDETIANYEKAOGUGONGZUO,BEITINGGUCHENGKAOGUQUDELEYIXIASIFANGMIANDECHENGGUO。

  其一,对内外各城门进行了发掘,各座城门的形制布局和虎扑足球、使用情况渐渐清晰。

  2016NIAN、2018—2019NIANFAJUELEBEITINGGUCHENGNEICHENGXIMEN、NEICHENGBEIMEN、WAICHENGBEIMEN、WAICHENGNANMENSIZUOCHENGMEN。

  KAOGUFAJUEFAXIAN,NEICHENGXIMENMENDONGLUMIANGAOYUXIANDAIDIMIAN1MIZUOYOU,ZAINEICHENGXIMENBEICEMENDONGWEIZHIQINGLICHU9GEPAICHAZHUDEZHUCAOJIJIKENG。MENDONGYOUHOUQIHANGTUFENGDUHENJI。GAICHUYIZHIFAXIANLETANGKAIYUANTONGBAO、TIEKAIJIACANPIAN、GELEITAOQICANPIANHEDONGWUGUGEDENG。ZAINEICHENGXIMENCHENGQIANGWAICENANBU,FAXIANYIGEYONGBUTONGSHIQIHANGTUHETUPIJIANZAODEZHANGFANGXINGFENGBIQUYU,KENENGSHIHUIGUSHIQIYITUOCHENGMENZENGJIANDEYIGEJIANZHUYIJI,WEIJINYIBULEJIECHENGMENDESHIDAIHEJIEGOUTIGONGLEXINCAILIAO。2019—2020NIANJIXUQINGLILEZHEIGEYIZHIHEXIMENQIANDECHENGHAO。JIANZHUYIZHICHUTULEHUASHIZHIZUODESHIGUIXINGQI,CHENGHAOCHUTULEDIANXINGDETANGDAILIANZHULIANBANWENCANWADANG,YUZHANGANFAXIANDETANGDAIWADANGXIANGSI,SHUOMINGXIMENCHENGLOUCENGJINGSHIYONGGUODIANXINGDETANGDAIWADANG。TONGGUOMENZHIFUJINDEJIEPOUGOUFAJUE,JIBENKEYIQUEDINGHUCHENGHEDEWEIZHI、KUANDUHESHENDU。NEICHENGXIMENMENDONGFUJINDEHUCHENGHEJUCHENGQIANGJIN20MI,SHANGKOUKUANDUWEI9—10MI,SHENDUWEI2.9MI。CHENGMENYIWAIDECHENGHAOSHANGKOUKUANDUZEXUNSUZENGJIAZHI20—30MIZUOYOU。

  NEICHENGBEIMENXICEMENDONGBIBAOCUNJIAOHAO,KEYIKANDAOZHONGJIANDEPAICHAZHUSHICHUIZHIDE,LIANGBIANZESUICHENGQIANGLVEYOUSHOUFEN。KAOGUFAJUEJIESHI,MENDONGLIANGBIPAICHAZHUDEJIKENGSHIYONGFANGXINGZHUCHUSHI,XICEKEJIANPAICHAZHUZHUCAO7GE,LUMIANYIJINGBEIHUI。TONGGUOFAJUEDONGCECHENGQIANG,QUERENYOUSHANGMADAO。TONGGUOTANGOUQINGLICHUNEICHENGBEIMENWAICEDEHUCHENGHAO。ZAINEICHENGBEIMENNEICENANBUTANFANGNEI,FAXIANLELIANHUAWENDEWADANG,SHIBEITINGGUCHENGJIAOSHAOJIANDEWADANG,YOUKENENGSHITANGDAIDE。ZAINEICHENGBEIMENNANCE,HAIFAXIANYOUSUMIANZHUAN、LIANWENZHUANPUCHENGDEDIMIAN,LIANWENZHUANCHENGZHENGFANGXING,SIGEJIAOWEITANGCAOWEN,ZHONGJIANWEIHUAXIN,LIANBANSHIZHONGJIANDEZHUTIWENYANG,XINGCHENGYIGEWANZHENGDELIANHUA,WAIMIANYIQUANLIANZHUWEN。ZHEIZHONGLIANHUAWENDEWADANGHEDIZHUANZAITANGDAIFEICHANGSHENGXING,YOUQIZAIHUANGJIAYIJIDAGUANGUIRENJIECENG,SHIYIZHONGSHENFENDIWEIDEXIANGZHENG。SHANGMIANDELIANZHUWENSHICONGGUBOSIJINGZHONGYA,YOUSICHOUZHILUCHUANRUZHONGYUANDIQUDE。BEITINGGUCHENGFAXIANLELIANHUAWENFANGZHUAN,SHUOMINGZUOWEIBEIJIANGDIQUZUIGAOTONGZHIJIGOU,BEITINGDOUHUFUDEJIBIEJIAOGAO,YECHONGFENSHUOMINGDANGSHIZHEILIFEICHANGFANRONG。

  NEICHENGNANQIANGZHONGDUANTAIDIPOHUAIYANZHONG,JINSHENGSHENGTUCENG。FAJUEZHENGMING,ZHEILIKENENGSHINANCECHENGMENYIZHI,DANHENYOUKENENGSHIZUOWEINANQIANGJUNSHIZHIHUIHEJINGJIEZHONGXINDEYICHUDAXINGDITAIYIZHI,NEICHENGBINGWEISHEZHINANMEN。

  WAICHENGBEIMENMENDONGLIANGCEDEPAICHAZHUSHIYONGMUDIFUZUOWEIMUZHUCHU,MENDONGKUAN4MI。WAICHENGBEIMENZAILISHISHANGCENGBEIYONGTUPIHETUFENGDUGUO。DAOLEJINXIANDAI,LIYONGCHENGMENCHENGQIANGXIUJIANDESHAOJIUZUOFANG、MINFANGHEJINGDOUBEIQINGLICHULAI。TONGGUODUITANGOUDEFAJUE,KEZHIZAIYANGMACHENGXIUJIANYIQIAN,BEIMENWAIYINGYOUYITIAOHUCHENGHAOGOU。ZAIWAICHENGBEIMENWENGCHENGDEHANGTUNEI,FAXIANLEYIMEIKAIYUANTONGBAO,DUIWAICHENGDECHENGQIANGXIUJIANNIANDAISHANGXIANDEQUEREN,TIGONGLEYOULIZHENGJU,ZHENGMINGXIUJIANDEZUIZAOSHIJIANBUHUICHAOGUOTANGDAIZHUZAOZHEIMEIKAIYUANTONGBAODESHIQI。

  WAICHENGNANMENYUANLAICUNZAIWENGCHENG,DANHUIHUAIYANZHONG,TONGGUOTANGOUDEFAJUE,FAXIANLEYIXIEXIANSUO,ZHIYUJUTIDEXINGZHIBUJUHAIXUYAOGENGDUODEGONGZUO。

  其二,对城市的道路、水系进行初步勘探解剖。

虎扑足球  WEILEJIENEICHENGHUCHENGHESHUIXIFENBU,2019NIANZAINEICHENGNANBULIANJIEHUCHENGHEDEGOUZHUANGYIZHILIKAILETANGOU,TANGOUXIANGDONGYANZHANGZHIYIZHI。TANGOUNEIFAXIANDESHALIDENGYIJIXIANXIANG,SHUOMINGZHEITIAOGOUKENENGSHINEICHENGHUCHENGHEDEYINSHUIQUDAO。TANGOUXICEHAIFAXIANLELUOTUODEGUJIADENGYIWU,DONGDUANYIZHIWEIZHIFAXIANYIGEJIAODADEYUANKENG,KENGZHONGDUIJILETUPI、TAOPIAN、CANDIZHUANDENG,KENENGSHIHOUQIXINGCHENGDEDUIJI。GENJUPUTAN,CHENGSHIZHONGDEYONGSHUIZHUYAOSHILAIZISHUIJING。CHULEHUCHENGHAO,CHENGZHONGAOXIANDEGOUHEJUNSHIDAOLU,TONGGUOFAJUEKEZHI,YOUDEGOUHEBUFENZAIHOUSHICENGBEIWAKAI,ZUOWEILAJIKENGSHIYONG。BUFENNEICHENGHUCHENGHAOKENENGZAI10SHIJISHI,ZUOWEIDAOLUXITONGDEYIBUFENYEBEITIANMANLE。

  其三,对外城南门内侧附近的6号佛殿遗址进行考古发掘和勘探,基本揭示了佛殿的形制布局、建造使用的技术和过程、周围存在的遗迹等情况。

虎扑足球  2019—2020NIANCHIXUFAJUEDE6HAOJIANZHUJIZHI,WEIFOJIAOSIYUANZHONGYIZUOFODIANDEGAOTAISHIJIZHI,DONGXICANZHANG24MI,NANBEICANKUAN21MI,CANGAO6.5MI,YOUSHANG、XIALIANGBUFENGOUCHENG,XIABUWEIGAODADEHANGTUTAIJI。ZHENGGEGAOTAIFODIANJIZHIWAIWEIFAXIANBUFENWEILANGYIJI,ERWEILANGKENENGYOUWEIQIANG,DONGBULIANGDUANYOUDUNTAIYIZHI。HANGTUTAIJIBUSHELIANGCENGZONGHENGJIAOCUOFENBUDERENMUCAOKONG,CAOKONGYONGZHUANMENDETUPILIANGCEGOUZHU,RENMUFANGZHITUODANGHOU,CAOKONGSHANGZAIYONGTUPIGAIZHU,JIXUXIANGSHANGHANGZHU。CONGYIXIECANLIUJIXIANGKAN,HANGTUTAIJIZHOUWEIBAOQIYIZHOUTUPIQIANGTI,KEYIKANCHUWEILIANGCIBAOQI,DIYICIBAOQIDEBIANYUANHAIYOURUOGANZHUDONGDEHENJI;TAIJIDINGBUXIANYITUPIQIANGTILEIQICHENGHENGZHANGFANGXINGKUANGJIA,QINEITIANCHONGTUPICANKUAI,XINGCHENGSHANGCENGJIZHI。SHANGCENGJIZHIKENENGFENWEIYIDAYIXIAONANBEILIANGGEFANGJIAN,NANCEFANGJIANDIMIANTUMOYOUSHIHUICENG。

  6HAOJIANZHUJIZHIYUZHIQIANFAJUEDE5HAOFOTAYIZHI,GONGTONGGOUCHENGLEBEITINGGUCHENGWAICHENGNANMENNEIYIGEGUIMOJIAODADEGAOCHANGHUIGUSHIQIDEZHONGYAOFOSIYIZHI。ZAIJULI6HAOGAOTAIFODIANYIZHIXICEYUE100DUOMIDETANGOUZHONG,FAXIANLEJINGJIAODETONGSHIZIJIA,SHIZIJIALIANGMIANKEHUAYOUJINGXIDERENWUTUANDENG,SHUOMINGLISHISHANGJINGJIAOYINSUZAIBEITINGGUCHENGDECUNZAI。GAOTAISHIJIZHIBEICE、XICETANGOUFAXIANBANHUANRAOFODIANYIZHIDERENGONGCHIZI,ZHEIZHONGZUOFAZAICHENGXIDEGAOCHANGHUIGUWANGJIASIYUANYOUMINGXIANDETIXIAN。ZAIFOSIXICEHAIFAXIANYIDUANTUPIQIANG,KENENGSHIFOSIDEYUANQIANG。TANGOUCHUTUWENWUYOUHUANGLVYOUCAILONGSHENJIANZHUGOUJIAN、SUXIANGCANKUAI、CIPIAN,DENGDENG。

  其四,对城内重点建筑遗址的发掘。

  2020NIANZHUYAODEKAOGUSHOUHUOSHIQINGLICHU8HAODAXINGJIANZHUJUZHI,WEIYUNEICHENGBEIMENNANCE90MICHU,GENJUDIEYADAPOGUANXIHEWADANGDENGCAILIAO,DAZHIFENWEISANGEJIEDUAN,SHUOMINGZHEISHIYICHUZITANGDAIDAOSONG(BAOKUOLIAOHEXILIAO)YUANSHIQIBUDUANZHONGJIANDEZHONGYAOJIANZHUSUOZAI。ZICHENGHANGTUQIANGFAXIANLIANGCIXIUBUYIJI。CHUTUWENWUYOUTANGSONGSHIQIDEQIANBI、LIANHUALIANZHUWENWADANGCANPIAN、DIZHUAN、TONGWACANPIAN、TAOQIHEDONGWUGUJIAOQIDENG。

  价值与意义

  BEITINGGUCHENGZUIZHONGDEGEJUKEYIZONGJIEWEI“LIANGTAOSIZHONGBAKUAI”。LIANGTAOZHINEIWAILIANGCHENG。SIZHONGFENBIESHIHEXINDEZICHENG、NEICHENGNEIBUBAOGUOZICHENGDEYIQUANFANGXINGQIANGYUAN、NEICHENGHEWAICHENG。GUCHENGYOUYIXIEXIANGDUIDULIDEFENKUAI,YOUDESHIYONGAOGOUFENGEDEDIKUAI,BIRUNEICHENGBEIMENWAIDEZHANGFANGXINGDIKUAI;YOUDESHIHOULAIYONGCHENGYUANWEICHUDEQUYU,BIRUYANGMACHENGDENG,DAZHIFENWEIBAKUAI。

虎扑足球  KAOGUZHENGMING,BEITINGGUCHENGJIBENSHITANGDAIZHONGYANGWANGCHAOTONGGUOTINGZHOU、BEITINGDOUHUFUWEIDAIBIAODEJIGOU,ZAIGUANXIAXIYU150DUONIANJIANBUDUANHUPUZUQIUWANCHENGDE。QIDAXIAOLIANGTAOCHENGQIANGDEBIANHUA,FANYINGLEGUCHENGCONGTINGZHOUDAOBEITINGDOUHUFUDEFAZHANYANBIANLISHI。GAOCHANGHUIGUHEYUANDAIJIBENYANYONGTANGDAIBEITINGDATIDEXINGZHIBUJU,JINZUOJUBUDEXIUBUHEGENGGAI。

  TONGGUOKAOGUGONGZUODEKAIZHAN,BEITINGGUCHENGTANGZHISONGYUANSHIQIDEMIANMAOMANMANXIANLUCHULAI,KEYIKANDAOBEIJIANGDIQUZUIZHONGYAODEJUNZHENG、JUNFUDEGEJUJIFAZHANLICHENG,HAIYOUYIXIEJUTIDEXIJIEYEBEIJIESHICHULAI,JUYOUFEICHANGZHONGYAODEXUESHUJIAZHI。BEITINGKAOGUHOUXUYANJIUHAIXUYAOTONGZHENGZHI、JINGJI、FALV、WENHUA、SHEHUI、SHENGTAI、KEJI、YIXUEDENGDUOLINGYUSHENDUHUDONG,XIANGHUPEIHE,XIANGHUQIFA,LIZHENGQUANFANGWEIFUYUANHEHUOHUABEITINGDELISHICHANGJING。

  BEITINGGUCHENGYIZHISHILISHIDEXIANCHANGHEJIANZHENG,BEITINGKAOGUYISHIWUZHENGMINGTANGZHISONGYUANSHIQI,TEBIESHITANGDAISHIQIZHONGYUANWANGCHAOZAIXINJIANGYOUXIAODEZHILIHESICHOUZHILUDEFANRONGCHANGTONG,SONGYUANSHIQIRENGRANZAIGAOCHANGHUIGU(BAOKUOLIAOHEXILIAO)HEMENGYUANDEGUANLIXIAFAHUIZHEZHONGYAODEZUOYONG。QILISHIJIXIANGGUANKAOGUFAXIANHEYANJIU,DUIYUZHULAOZHONGHUAMINZUGONGTONGTIYISHIJUYOUBUKETIDAIDEZUOYONG,SHICHANSHUZHONGHUAMINZUDUOYUANYITIHE“SIGEGONGTONG”DEZHONGYAOSHIWUJIAOCAI,DUIYUGUANCHELUOSHI“WENHUARUNJIANG”GONGCHENG,SHIXIANXINJIANGDESHEHUIWENDINGHEZHANGZHIJIUANJUYOUZHONGYAODEXIANSHIYIYI。

  (作者单位: 中国社会科学院考古研究所)

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