虎扑足球

中文
考古发现展示中华民族历史丰富内涵
2021-11-17 来源:《中国社会科学报》2020年11月16日总第2048期 作者:史金波
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  ZHONGGUOSHIYIGEYOUJIUDEWENMINGGUGUO,JUYOUSHIFENFENGHOUDELISHIWENHUAYICHANZIYUAN。ZHONGGUODEKAOGUXUEQUDELEJUDACHENGJIU,TEBIESHIJINNIANLAIBUDUANYOUZHONGDAKAOGUFAXIAN、ZHONGYAOYANJIUCHENGGUOWENSHI。XIJINPINGZONGSHUJIZUIJINGUANYUNULIJIANSHEZHONGGUOTESE、ZHONGGUOFENGGE、ZHONGGUOQIPAIDEKAOGUXUEDEZHONGYAOJIANGHUA,SHENKECHANMINGLEKAOGUXUEDEZHONGYAOWENHUAYIYIHEZHENGZHIYIYI,DUIKAOGUGONGZUOTICHULEMINGQUEYAOQIU。ZHEIDUIZHONGGUOKAOGUXUENAIZHIZHENGGELISHIXUE,DOUJUYOUZHONGYAOZHIDAOYIYI。

  书写中华民族发展史 

虎扑足球  ZHONGGUOSHIYIGETONGYIDEDUOMINZUGUOJIA。ZIGUYILAI,GEZURENMINGONGTONGKAITUOGUANGKUOJIANGYU,SHUXIEWENMINGLISHI,CHUANGZAOCANLANWENHUA,PEIYUMINZUJINGSHEN。WULUNSHIQUANGUOCHUYUDANYIWANGCHAOTONGZHISHIQI,HAISHIDUOWANGCHAOBINGLISHIQI,GEWANGCHAODOUZIRENWEISHIZHONGGUOHUOZHONGGUODEYIGEZUCHENGBUFEN,DOUWEIZHONGHUAMINZUDEFAZHANZUOCHULELISHIXINGGONGXIAN。YI10—13SHIJISONG、LIAO、XIA、JINSHIQIWEILI,DANGSHICONGSUITANGDEDAYITONGSHIQI,JINGGUOWUDAI,JINRULEDUOWANGCHAOBINGLISHIQI。KAOGUZILIAOHECHUANTONGLISHIWENXIANZHENGSHI,SIGEWANGCHAODOUZHENGYONG“ZHONGGUO”MINGYI,ZICHENG“ZHONGGUO”,JUNYIZHONGGUOCHUANTONGDE“DEYUN”ZHISHUOWEIHUZIJIDEZHENGTONGTIZHI。SONG、LIAO、JINSANCHAODOUYOUGUANYUBENCHAOJICHENGDEYUNDEJIZAI,DANCHUANSHIWENXIANZHANGQIQUEFAXIXIAYOUGUANDEYUNDEZILIAO。HEISHUICHENGCHUTUDEXIXIAWENWENXIAN《SHENGLIYIHAI》JIZAIXIXIA“GUOSHUJIN”,DUICHUANSHIWENXIANZUOCHULEZHONGYAOBUCHONG,ZHENGSHIXIXIATONGYANGZUNXUNZHONGGUOWANGCHAO“DEYUN”DECHUANTONG。ZHEIFANYINGCHUZHONGGUOZAIZHEIYITESHUSHIQI,SUIRANGEWANGCHAODEZHUTIMINZUBUTONG,DANDOURENTONGZHONGGUODEWANGCHAOTIXI,SHIBENCHAOWEIQIZHIMAI,GEMINZUDOUBIAOXIANCHUDUIZHONGGUOZHENGZHITIZHIDESHENCENGCIRENTONG、DUIZHONGGUOHEZHONGHUAMINZUWENHUADEGAODURENTONG。

虎扑足球  ZAISONG、LIAO、XIA、JINSHIQI,ZHONGGUOCHUANTONGWENHUADEYINGXIANGBUDUANJIADA,GONGTONGDELISHIJIYINZHUBUZENGQIANG。GEWANGCHAOCHUYUGONGGUWANGCHAOTONGZHIDEXUYAO,DUOFANGMIANXUEXI、JICHENGBODAJINGSHENDEZHONGGUOCHUANTONGWENHUA。WENXIANHECHUTUWENWUBIAOMING,GEWANGCHAODOUCHENGXIZHONGGUOCHUANTONG,SHEZHINIANHAO、ZUNHAO;ZUNCHONGRUXUE,SHIXINGKEJU;JICHENGZHONGHUAFAXI,FANGXIAOZHONGYUANGUANZHI;FENBIEJIEJIANHANZICHUANGZHIQIDANWEN、XIXIAWEN、NVZHENWEN,FANYIZHONGYUANDIANJI;CHENGXIXIUSHICHUANTONG,BIANZHUANSHILU;FAZHANWENXUEYISHU,YINXIZHONGYUANFENGSUXIGUAN;XUEXIZHONGYUANKEXUEJISHU,FANRONGSHOUGONGYEJIYI。DANGSHI,GEWANGCHAOZAIJICHENGZHONGHUAYOUXIUCHUANTONGWENHUADEJICHUSHANG,DOUDUIZHONGHUAWENMINGYOUXINDEFAZHANHEHONGYANG,JIAQIANGLEMINZUJIANDEDAJIAOLIU、DARONGHE,DUIZHONGHUAMINZUWENHUADEFANRONGZUOCHULEXINDEGONGXIAN。

   反映各民族密切关系 

  KAOGUFAXIANYOUZHUYUDUIZHONGHUAMINZUDUOYUANYITIGEJUDELIJIE。LIRU,JINDAIZAIXINJIANGFAXIANLEYIZHONGTESHUQIANBI。GONGYUAN2SHIJI,YOUYUMINZUZHIJIANSHANGMAOJIAOHUANDEXUYAO,DANGDIZHUZAOLEYIZHONGQIANBI,YIMIANYONGHANWENZHUANZIBIAOMINGBIZHI,LINGYIMIANDEZHOUWEIYIQUANSHIQULUZIMU、ZHENGZHONGWEIYIPIMAHUOYITOULUOTUODETUAN,HOUBEICHENGWEIHETIANMAQIAN。QIZHONGDEQULUWENZIMUWEIDANGDIGUOWANGDEMINGZI,YINZHUZAOSHIDAIBUTONGERYOUSUOQUBIE。ZHEIZHONGSHUANGYUQIANBIFANYINGCHUZHONGGUOZHONGYUANWANGCHAOZAIZHEIYIDAIYINGXIANGSHENGUANG,HANZUYUSHAOSHUMINZUZAIJINGJIHEWENHUASHANGJUYOUMIQIELIANXI。

虎扑足球  ZAIXINJIANGHAIFAXIANLEHENDUOYUTIANYUWENXIANZILIAO,ZHEIXIEWENXIANDUIYUTIANLISHI、YUYANWENHUAYIJIYUTIANYUDUNHUANGJIAOWANGHEMINZUGUANXIDEYANJIUJUYOUZHONGDAYIYI。TEBIESHI《HANYU—YUTIANYUCIHUI》《TUJUEYU—YUTIANYUCIHUI》,BIAOMINGLEDANGSHIZHONGYUANWANGCHAODUIDANGDIDEZHONGYAOYINGXIANG,YEFANYINGCHUGEMINZUSHIYONGSHUANGYU、WENHUAMIQIEJIAOLIUDESHIJIQINGKUANG。

  CHULIZAIXIZANGLASASHIDAZHAOSIQIANMIANDETANGFANHUIMENGBEI,YIJINGYOU1000DUONIANDELISHI,SHANGKEHAN、ZANGLIANGTIDUIZHAOWENZI,MENGCIFANYINGLEHANZANGLIANGZU“HUANHAOZHINIANYONGWEIDUANJUE”“LIBEIYIGENGXUXINHAO”DESHIYUAN。HUIMENGYIHOU,LIANGZURENMINDEYOUHAOWANGLAIYUJINGJIWENHUAJIAOLIUGENGJIAPINFANMIQIE,WEI13SHIJIXIZANGZHENGSHIHUARUZUGUOBANTUDAXIALEJICHU。CIBEITIXIANLEHANZANGLIANGGEMINZUYOUHAOGUANXIDEJINYIBUJIAQIANG,FANYINGCHUZHONGGUOGEMINZUZHIJIANYOUHAOMIQIEDEWANGLAIFUHEGEZURENMINDEYUANWANG,SHUNYINGLELISHICHAOLIU。

  XIXIAGUDIHAICHUTULEYIBUXIXIAWENYUHANWENCIYUJI《FANHANHESHIZHANGZHONGZHU》,TASHIDANGSHIDANGXIANGRENHEHANRENHUXIANGXUEXIDUIFANGYUYANWENZIDECISHU,WEILIANGMINZUZHIJIANJIAQILEYIZUOWENHUAHUTONGDEQIAOLIANG。CISHUSHIZHONGGUOZUIZAODESHUANGYUSHUANGJIESIXIANGCIDIAN,FANYINGCHUGUDAIGEMINZUZHIJIANHUXIANGXUEXIDUIFANGYUYANWENZI、JIAQIANGMIQIELIANXIDERECHENHEYOUXIAOJUCUO。

  HEXIZOULANGYOUSANTONGYUXIXIAYOUGUANDEBEIKE,YISHIXIXIACHONGZONGSHIQIGANSUWUWEIDELIANGZHOUGANTONGTABEI,YIMIANWEIHANWEN,LINGYIMIANWEIXIXIAWEN,NEIRONGJIFOTAGANYINGGUSHI;ERSHIXIXIARENZONGSHIQIZHANGYEDEHEISHUIJIANQIAOBEI,YIMIANWEIHANWEN,LINGYIMIANWEIZANGWEN,NEIRONGJIHEISHUIHEHUANJISIZHUSHENZHISHI;SANSHIYUANCHAOMOQIJIUQUANDESUZHOUDALUHUACHISHIXIZHIBEI,YIMIANWEIHANWEN,LINGYIMIANWEIHUIGUWEN,NEIRONGJIXIXIAHOUYIZIXIXIAMIEWANGZHIYUANMOYIZHIDANRENDANGDIZUIGAOJUNZHENGZHANGGUANSHI。ZHEISANTONGJIZAILISHISHIJIANDEBEIWEN,DOUSHIYIMIANSHIYONGHANWEN、LINGYIMIANSHIYONGYIZHONGSHAOSHUMINZUWENZI,TUCHUDIFANYINGCHUGEMINZUZAILISHISHANGDEJINMILIANXI,GENGTIXIANCHUHANZUZUOWEIZHONGHUAMINZUZHUTIDEDIWEI。

  揭示中华民族重要贡献 

虎扑足球  GEMINZUGONGTONGCHUANGZAOHEFAZHANLEFENGFUDUOCAIDEZHONGHUAMINZUWENHUA,BINGDUISHIJIEWENMINGZUOCHULETUCHUGONGXIAN。ZHONGGUODECHUANTONGWENHUANEIHANFUSHEDAOZHOUBIANYIXIEGUOJIA。ZHEIXIEGUOJIAJIEJIANZHONGGUODERUXUESIXIANGTIXI,SHIXINGKEJU,XIAOFAZHONGHUAFAXIZHIDINGFADIAN,JIESHOUZHONGGUODECHUANTONGLIYIDENG。ZHIJIN,ZHONGGUOHEZHOUBIANYIXIEGUOJIARENGBAOCUNZHEZHONGGUODUIYOUGUANGUOJIALIANGHAOYINGXIANGDEWENWUYICUN,ZHENGMINGZHONGGUOXIANGSHIJIEGONGXIANLESHENKEDESIXIANGTIXIHEXIANGGUANZHIDU。

虎扑足球  LISHIWENXIANMINGQUEJIZAI,BEISONGQINGLINIANJIAN,BISHENGFAMINGLEHUOZIYINSHUA。RANERYIHANDESHI,SHANGWEIFAXIANSONGDAIDEHUOZIYINSHUASHIWU。DANSHI,KAOGUZILIAOZHENGMING,DANGSHIHUOZIYINSHUASHUHENKUAICHUANBODAOXIXIA。CHUTUDEDUOZHONGXIXIAWENXIANZHENGSHI,XIXIAXUEXI、TUIXINGNIHUOZIYINSHUA,BINGCHENGGONGSHIXIANLEMUHUOZIYINSHUA。NINGXIAHELANSHANXIXIAFANGTACHUTUDEXIXIAWENHUOZIBEN《JIXIANGBIANZHIKOUHEBENXU》HEGANSUWUWEICHUTUDE《WEIMOJIESUOSHUOJING》DENG,SHIZHONGGUOZUIZAODEHUOZIYINSHUASHIWU。ZAIDUNHUANGMOGAOKU,ZEFAXIANLEHENDUOZAOQIHUIGUWENMUHUOZI。DALIANGYINSHUASHIWUCHENGWEIZHONGGUOFAMINGHUOZIYINSHUADEYOULIZHENGJU,ZHANSHICHUHANZUHESHAOSHUMINZUZAIHUOZIYINSHUALINGYUYIBOXIANGCHUAN、ZHENGQIDOUYAN,GONGTONGDUIHUOZIYINSHUASHUDEFAMINGHEFAZHANZUOCHULEZHONGYAOGONGXIAN。

  XIXIAHEHUIGUXIANGJISHIYONGHUOZIYINSHUA,CONGSHIYONGSHIJIANSHANGTIANCHONGLEYINSHUASHUXICHUANGUOCHENGZHONGLIANGGESHIJIDEGUODUSHIQI,CONGDIYUSHANGYOUZHONGYUANDIQUXIANGXITUIJINLE2000DUOGONGLI。ZHEIWEICIHOUZHONGGUOHUOZIYINSHUASHUXIANGXIFANGCHUANBODAXIALEJICHU。CIHOU,ZHONGGUODEHUOZIYINSHUASHUTONGGUOSICHOUZHILUXIANGDONGXIFANGCHUANBOKAILAI,TUIDONGLESHIJIEWENMINGDEFAZHAN。

   让历史文物活起来 

  WENWUCHENGZAIWENMINGHEWENHUA,WEIXIZHEMINZUJINGSHENYUSHIDAIJIAZHI。RANGWENWUHUOQILAI,KEYIZENGJINZHONGHUAMINZUDEWENHUARENTONG,JIANDINGWENHUAZIXIN,NINGJUGONGTONGFAZHANLILIANG。

虎扑足球  GUOQUYINYOUGUANXIXIADEWENXIANXISHAO,RENMENDUIQIRENSHIMOHUMENGLONG,XIXIAWANGWANGBEICHENGWEI“SHENMIDEXIXIA”。20SHIJICHU,ZHONGGUOHEISHUICHENGYIZHIFAXIANLEDALIANGKAOGUZILIAO,DANBUXINGBEIGUOWAITANXIANDUIXIJUANERQU。GAIGEKAIFANGYILAI,ZHONGGUOJIADALESOUJI、ZHENGLILIUSHIHAIWAIWENWUDELIDU,ZHONGGUOSHEHUIKEXUEYUANMINZUXUEYURENLEIXUEYANJIUSUOTONGELUOSIYOUGUANBUMENHEZUO,QUANMIANZHENGLI、CHUBANLEBAOCUNYUSHENGBIDEBAODEHEISHUICHENGCHUTUWENXIAN,LUXUCHUBANLEDAXINGWENXIANCONGSHU《EZANGHEISHUICHENGWENXIAN》,SHILIUSHIWENWUSHIXIANZAISHENGXINGHUIGUI,WEIXIXIAXUETIGONGLEDALIANGXINDEZHONGYAOZILIAO。JINXIENIANXIXIAYANJIUDEZHONGYAOCHENGJIUHEZHUYAOTUPODIAN,DUOYIZHEIPIHEISHUICHENGCHUTUDEWENWUWEIJICHUZILIAO,RONGTONGXIANGGUANXUEKE,ZHUBUJIEKAILEXIXIASHENMIDEMIANSHA。ZHEISHIRANG“SHUXIEZAIGUJILIDEWENZIDOUHUOQILAI”DEDIANXINGCHENGGONGLIZHENG。

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虎扑足球  ZUOLUOZAININGXIAHUIZUZIZHIQUYINCHUANSHIHELANSHANXIADEXIXIALING,FENBUZHE9ZUODILING、270YUZUOPEIZANGMU,GUIMOHONGWEI。GUOQUZHEILIYIPIANHUANGLIANG,RENMENBUMINGQIJIULI。ZI20SHIJI70NIANDAIQI,NINGXIAKAOGUBUMENZAIGUOJIAWENWUJUDEPIZHUNHEZHIDAOXIA,JIAQIANGLEWENWUKAOGUHEBAOHUGONGZUO。XIXIALINGXISHOUTANGSONGLINGZHIZHANG,BINGJUYOUZISHENDEJIANZHUTEDIAN,XINGCHENGLEZHONGGUOLINGYUANJIANZHUZHONGJIYOUCHUANCHENGYOUBIEJUYIGEDEXINGSHI。XIXIALINGLUXUCHUTULEHENDUOZHONGYAOWENWU,WENWUGONGZUOZHECHUBANLEYIPIYANJIUCHENGGUO,RU《XIXIALING》《XIXIASANHAOLING》《XIXIALIUHAOLING》《XIXIALINGTUCHUPUBIANJIAZHIYANJIU》DENG,TIANBULEXIXIALISHIDEBUSHAOKONGBAI。1988NIAN,XIXIALINGBEILIEWEIQUANGUOZHONGDIANWENWUBAOHUDANWEI;2006NIAN,LIERUZHONGGUOGUOJIAZIRANYUWENHUASHUANGYICHANYUBEIMINGLU;2011NIAN,QIDONGXIXIALINGGUOJIAKAOGUYIZHIGONGYUANHESHIJIEWENHUAYICHANSHENBAOGONGZUO;2012NIAN,XIXIALINGBEIGUOJIAWENWUJULIERUZHONGGUOSHIJIEWENHUAYICHANYUBEIMINGDAN;2017NIAN,LIERUDISANPIGUOJIAKAOGUYIZHIGONGYUAN。XIXIALINGDEKAOGUGONGZUO,SHIGUOQUXIANWEIRENZHIDEXIXIAWANGCHAOZHUJIANSHOUDAOGUONEIWAIDEQINGLAI。

  ZHONGGUOFENGFUDUOCAIDEWENWU、YUELAIYUEDUODEKAOGUCHENGJIU,BUJINZENGJIALEHENDUOLISHIZHISHI,ERQIEZENGQIANGLEZHONGHUAMINZUDEZIXIN。WEIHONGYANGZHONGHUAYOUXIUCHUANTONGWENHUA,JINNIANWOZAICHUGUOFANGWENSHIYI“ZHONGGUOFANRONGHEFAZHANCHUANTONGWENHUASHIYEDEXINCHENGJIU”WEITI,XIANGGUOWAIJIESHAOZHONGGUOWENWUKAOGUSHIYEDEFAZHANCHENGJIU,ZHUYAOBAOKUO:WENWUPUCHAHEBAOHUGONGZUODEXINJINZHAN、GUJIBAOHUGONGZUODEXINCHENGJIU、SHENBAOSHIJIEWENHUAYICHANDEXINSHOUHUO、FEIWUZHIWENHUAYICHANDEXINCHUANCHENG。ZHONGGUOKAOGUSHIYEDEFAZHAN,FENGFULEQUANSHEHUILISHIWENHUAZIYANG,WEIHONGYANGZHONGHUAYOUXIUCHUANTONGWENHUA、CUJINGUOJIWENHUAJIAOLIUTIGONGLEJIANQIANGZHICHENG。

虎扑足球  ZONGZHI,KAOGUXUEYOULIYURENSHIYUANYUANLIUZHANG、BODAJINGSHENDEZHONGHUAWENMING,YOULIYUWEIHUZUGUOTONGYIHEJIAQIANGMINZUTUANJIE。JINHOU,HUPUZUQIUYINGGENGJIAZHONGSHIHEJIAQIANGKAOGUGONGZUO,WEIHONGYANGZHONGHUAYOUXIUCHUANTONGWENHUATIGONGJIANQIANGZHICHENG。

  (作者系中国社会科学院学部委员、民族学与人类学研究所研究员)

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